27th New Zealand Parliament

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Twenty-seventh Parliament of New Zealand
26th Parliament 28th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term 22 February 1944 – 12 October 1946
Election New Zealand general election, 1943
Government First Labour Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 27th Parliament.png
Members 80
Speaker of the House Frederick Schramm
Prime Minister Peter Fraser
Leader of the Opposition Sidney Holland
Legislative Council
Members 36 (at start)
37 (at end)
Speaker of the Council Mark Fagan
Sovereign
Monarch HM George VI
Governor-General HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg from 17 June 1946
––HE Rt. Hon. Sir Cyrill Newall until 19 April 1946

The 27th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1943 general election in September of that year.

1943 general election

The 1943 general election was held on Friday, 24 September in the Māori electorates and on Saturday, 25 September in the general electorates, respectively.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 48 represented North Island electorates, 28 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[2] 1,021,034 civilian voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 82.8%. In addition, 92,934 military votes were cast.[1]

Sessions

The 27th Parliament sat for five sessions (there were three sessions in 1944), and was prorogued on 4 November 1946.[3] The twenty-seventh parliament absent-mindedly increased its own life in 1946 when it was forgotten that because of the 25 September elections in 1943 its three years of life ended on 11 October. The House sat to wind up the session without transacting any business on the following day and it was not formally dissolved until 4 November 1946.[4]

Session Opened Adjourned
first 22 February 1944 4 April 1944
second 26 July 1944 25 October 1944
third 21 November 1944 15 December 1944
fourth 27 June 1945 7 December 1945
fifth 26 June 1946 12 October 1946

Ministries

Peter Fraser of the Labour Party had been Prime Minister since 27 March 1940. He had formed the first Fraser Ministry on 1 April 1940 and the second Fraser Ministry on 30 April 1940.[5] The second Fraser Ministry remained in power until its defeat by the National Party at the 1949 election.[6][7]

A War Cabinet had been formed on 16 July 1940, which held the responsibility for all decisions relating to New Zealand's involvement in World War II. The War Cabinet was dissolved on 21 August 1945.[8]

Party standings

Start of Parliament

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Labour Party Peter Fraser 45
National Party Sidney Holland 34
Independents 1

End of Parliament

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Labour Party Peter Fraser 44
National Party Sidney Holland 35
Independents 1

Members

Initial MPs

The table below shows the results of the 1943 general election:

Key

 Labour    National    Democratic Labour    Real Democracy    Independent  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1943[9]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Auckland Central Bill Parry 4,769 William George Stanley Swabey[10]
Auckland East Frederick Schramm 962 Harry Tom Merritt[11]
Auckland Suburbs Rex Mason 3,028 Thomas Augustus Bishop[10]
Auckland West Peter Carr 5,402 John W. Kealy
Avon Dan Sullivan 4,460 James Neil Clarke[12]
Awarua James Hargest Uncontested
Bay of Islands Charles Wallace Boswell Sidney Walter Smith 1,276 Charles Wallace Boswell
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan 1,679 Walter William Jonasen[13]
Buller Paddy Webb 4,635 E W Nicolaus
Central Otago William Bodkin 2,723 James McIndoe Mackay[14]
Christchurch East Mabel Howard 5,537 Reginald Gilbert Brown[12]
Christchurch North Sidney Holland 2,645 George Manning[15]
Christchurch South Robert Macfarlane 4,416 Ron Guthrey[16]
Clutha James Roy 1,587 H K Edie
Dunedin Central Peter Nielson 2,155 L J T Ireland
Dunedin North James Wright Munro 2,798 A L S Castle
Dunedin South Fred Jones 3,061 David Murdoch
Dunedin West Gervan McMillan Philip Connolly 1,338 Alexander Smith Falconer
Eden Bill Anderton 14 Wilfred Fortune
Egmont Charles Wilkinson Ernest Corbett 2,422 Edwin Thoms Cox[17]
Franklin Jack Massey 3,285 Aaron Best[18][19]
Gisborne David William Coleman 572 Harry Barker[20]
Grey Lynn John A. Lee Fred Hackett 6,059 John A. Lee
Hamilton Charles Barrell Frank Findlay 454 Charles Barrell
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 2,723 Edmund Colin Nigel Robinson[18]
Hawke's Bay Edward Luttrell Cullen 1,636 Eric N. Pryor[21]
Hurunui George Forbes William Gillespie 1,566 James William Morgan[12]
Hutt Walter Nash 5,260 John H. Hogan
Invercargill William Denham 987 William Bell[22]
Kaiapoi Morgan Williams 761 William Harold Overton[23]
Kaipara Gordon Coates Clifton Webb 2,800 John Stewart[10]
Lyttelton Terry McCombs 1,374 Edward Bickmore Ellison Taylor[16][24]
Manawatu John Cobbe Matthew Oram 2,305 William Henry Oliver[nb 1]
Marlborough Edwin Meachen 450 Tom Shand
Marsden James Gillespie Barclay Alfred Murdoch 1,006 James Gillespie Barclay
Masterton John Robertson Garnet Hercules Mackley 494 John Robertson
Mataura Tom Macdonald Uncontested
Mid-Canterbury Mary Grigg Richard Gerard 634 David Barnes[16]
Motueka Jerry Skinner 301 J R Haldane
Napier Bill Barnard Tommy Armstrong 1,273 Morris Spence[26]
Nelson Harry Atmore 191 Frederick William Huggins[27][28][29]
New Plymouth Frederick Frost Ernest Aderman 1,276 Frederick Frost
Oamaru Arnold Nordmeyer 125 T R Beatty[30]
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 3,324 John Park
Otahuhu Charles Petrie 464 Gordon Glover Hamilton[10]
Otaki Leonard Lowry 191 Bertie Cooksley
Pahiatua Alfred Ransom Keith Holyoake 1,825 G A Hansen
Palmerston North Joe Hodgens 212 Augustus Edward Mansford
Patea Harold Dickie William Sheat 912 Alex Langslow[19]
Raglan Lee Martin Robert Coulter 108 Robert James Glasgow[31]
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 1,612 R Freeman[19]
Remuera Bill Endean Ronald Algie 4,183 Martyn Finlay
Riccarton Herbert Kyle Jack Watts 1,322 Harold Ernest Denton[12]
Roskill Arthur Richards 962 Roy McElroy[32]
Rotorua Alexander Moncur Geoffrey Sim 715 Alexander Moncur[18]
Stratford William Polson 2,059 Brian Richmond[33]
Tauranga Frederick Doidge 3,625 Dudley Alexander Hill[13]
Temuka Jack Acland 1,690 George Harris[34]
Thames Jim Thorn 935 William Alexander Clark[31]
Timaru Clyde Carr 1,701 Jack Satterthwaite[35]
Waikato William Goosman 4,615 Charles Croall[36]
Waimarino Frank Langstone 1,404 Roger Oswald Montgomerie
Waipawa Cyril Harker 2,091 Archie Low[37]
Wairarapa Ben Roberts 151 James Joseph Maher
Waitaki David Campbell Kidd 821 J S Adams
Waitemata Mary Dreaver Henry Thorne Morton 321 Mary Dreaver
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 1,881 Ben Waters
Wallace Adam Hamilton 1,607 John James Lynch[38]
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill 2,437 E J Kirk
Wellington Central Peter Fraser 1,206 Will Appleton
Wellington East Bob Semple 2,588 Leonard Theodor Jacobsen[39]
Wellington North Charles Henry Chapman 1,897 Thomas Hislop
Wellington South Robert McKeen 4,156 Ernest Toop
Wellington Suburbs Harry Ernest Combs 2,581 Bill Veitch
Wellington West Catherine Stewart Charles Bowden 1,183 Catherine Stewart
Westland James O'Brien 2,600 E Frank Chivers[40][41]
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Āpirana Ngata Tiaki Omana 240 Āpirana Ngata
Northern Maori Paraire Karaka Paikea Tapihana Paraire Paikea 2,438 Eru Moka Pou[11]
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 558 John Piuraki Tikao-Barrett
Western Maori Toko Ratana 3,309 Pei Te Hurinui Jones

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Father of the historian W. H. Oliver[25]

By-elections during 27th Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 27th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Awarua 1944 28 October James Hargest Death George Herron
Western Maori 1945 10 February Haami Ratana Death Matiu Ratana
Hamilton 1945 26 May Frank Findlay Death Hilda Ross
Dunedin North 1945 21 July James Munro Death Robert Walls
Raglan 1946 5 March Robert Coulter Death Hallyburton Johnstone

Notes

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 70.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 175.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 50.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 50–51.
  7. ^ Beaglehole, Tim. "Fraser, Peter". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 52.
  9. ^ "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. pp. 1–12. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24713). 13 October 1943. p. 5. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "Electoral". Auckland Star. LXXIV (290). 7 December 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Public Notices". The Press. LXXIX (24076). 12 October 1943. p. 1. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "Public Notices". Bay of Plenty Beacon. 7 (15). 15 October 1943. p. 5. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  14. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Central Otago". Alexandra Herald and Central Otago Gazette. 13 October 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  15. ^ Sharfe, Jean. "Manning, George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  16. ^ a b c "Public Notices". The Press. LXXIX (24077). 13 October 1943. p. 1. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  17. ^ "Labour Candidate for Egmont". The Press. LXXIX (24021). 9 August 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  18. ^ a b c "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24714). 14 October 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  19. ^ a b c "Labour Candidates". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (24). 28 July 1943. p. 3. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  20. ^ Milton-Tee, Ann. "Harry Heaton Barker". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  21. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 382.
  22. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXXIV (148). 24 June 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  23. ^ "Public Notices". The Press. LXXIX (24076). 12 October 1943. p. 1. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  24. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 387.
  25. ^ "William Henry Oliver". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  26. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXXIV (161). 9 July 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  27. ^ "Nelson Seat". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (13). 15 July 1943. p. 3. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  28. ^ "Obituary". The Evening Post. CXL (126). 24 November 1945. p. 3. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  29. ^ "Frederick William Huggins". New Zealand War Graves Project. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  30. ^ "The New Parliament". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24699). 27 September 1943. p. 3. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  31. ^ a b "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24764). 11 December 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  32. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 375.
  33. ^ "General Election". The Press. LXXIX (23989). 2 July 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  34. ^ "General Election". The Press. LXXIX (23981). 23 June 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  35. ^ "Timaru Electorate". The Press. LXXIX (23941). 7 May 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  36. ^ "Candidates Chosen". Auckland Star. LXXIV (177). 28 July 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  37. ^ "General Election". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (48). 25 August 1943. p. 3. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  38. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wallace". Lake Wakatip Mail (4637). 7 October 1943. p. 5. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  39. ^ "Public Notices". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  40. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXXIV (203). 27 August 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  41. ^ "Chivers, E Frank, DSM, MID". Torpedo Bay Navy Museum. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 

References

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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