24th Division (United Kingdom)

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24th Division
British 24th Division Insignia.png
Active September 1914 – 1919
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Engagements World War I
Battle of Loos
Battle of the Somme
Battle of Vimy Ridge
Battle of Messines
Battle of Passchendaele
Battle of Cambrai
Spring Offensive
Hundred Days Offensive

The 24th Division was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I, raised in September 1914 from men volunteering for Lord Kitchener's New Armies during the First World War. After almost a full year spent training in England the division was sent to the Western Front between August and September 1915. It served in Belgium and France in the trenches of the Western Front for the duration of the war. From its arrival in France to May 1917, it was initially commanded by Major-General John Capper.

Unit History

Order of Battle

The 24th Division was constituted as follows during the war:[1]

71st Brigade

The brigade moved to the 6th Division in 11 October 1915, swapping with the 17th Brigade.

72nd Brigade

73rd Brigade

17th Brigade

  • 1st Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)
  • 1st Battalion, Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment) (left October 1915)
  • 2nd Battalion, Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians) (left October 1915)
  • 3rd Battalion, Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)
  • 12th (Service) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (from October 1915, disbanded February 1918)
  • 8th (Service) Battalion, Buffs (East Kent Regiment) (from October 1915, disbanded February 1918)
  • 8th (Service) Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) (from February 1918)
  • 1/2nd (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (left February 1916)
  • 17th Machine Gun Company (formed 17 January 1916, transferred into Divisional MG Battalion 5 March 1918)
  • 17th Trench Mortar Battery (formed by 26 July 1916)

The brigade transferred from the division from the 6th Division on 18 October 1915, swapping with the 71st Brigade.

Divisional Troops

  • 11th (Service) Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment (joined before March 1915, left 9 April 1915)
  • 13th (Service) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (joined before March 1915, left 9 April 1915)
  • 12th (Service) Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (joined before March 1915, converted to Divisional Pioneer Battalion in April 1915)
  • No 3 Motor Machine Gun Battery (joined 30 October left 23 November 1915)
  • 191st Machine Gun Company (joined 15 December 1916, moved into Divisional MG Battalion 5 March 1918)
  • 24th Machine Gun Battalion (formed 5 March 1918)
  • Divisional Mounted Troops
  • 24th Divisional Train A.S.C.
    • 194th, 195th, 196th and 197th Companies A.S.C.
  • 36th Mobile Veterinary Section A.V.C. (joined 25 June 1915)
  • 223rd Divisional Employment Company (formed by 30 June 1917)

Royal Artillery

  • CVI Brigade, R.F.A.
  • CVII Brigade, R.F.A.
  • CVIII Brigade, R.F.A. (left 27 January 1917)
  • CIX (Howitzer) Brigade, R.F.A. (broken up 3 October 1916)
  • 24th Heavy Battery, R.G.A. (raised in August 1914 left August 1915)
  • 24th Divisional Ammunition Column
  • 13th Divisional Ammunition Column (attached 3 July to 6 August 1915)
  • V.24 Heavy Trench Mortar Battery R.F.A. (joined 30 July 1916, left February 1918)
  • X.24, Y.24 and Z,24 Medium Trench Mortar Batteries R.F.A. (4 x 6-inch mortars) (joined by 30 April 1916, Z.24 broken up in February 1918 and X and Y expanded to 6 x 6-inch mortars each)

Royal Engineers

  • 91st Field Company (left January 1915)
  • 92nd Field Company (left January 1915)
  • 103rd Field Company (joined February 1915)
  • 104th Field Company (joined January 1915)
  • 129th Field Company (joined March 1915)
  • 24th Divisional Signals Company

Royal Army Medical Corps

  • 72nd Field Ambulance
  • 73rd Field Ambulance
  • 74th Field Ambulance
  • 41st Sanitary Section (left 5 April 1917 for First Army)

General Officer Commanding

The following commanded the division:[2]

  • Maj-Gen. J. E. Capper: 3 October 1915 – 12 May 1917
  • Brig-Gen. H. C. Sheppard: 12 May 1917 – 18 May 1917 (Temporary)
  • Maj-Gen. L. J. Bols: 18 May 1917 – 12 September 1917
  • Brig-Gen. E. S. Hoare Nairne: 12 September 1917 – 15 September 1917 (Temporary)
  • Maj-Gen. A. C. Daly: 15 September 1917 – 31 December 1918

Battles

See also

References

  1. ^ Baker, Chris. "24th Division". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  2. ^ Becke, A. F., ed. (1938). History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 3A: New Army Divisions (9–26). London: H.M.S.O.

External links

  • The British Army in the Great War: The 24th Division
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