22 Cygni

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22 Cygni
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Cygnus
Right ascension  19h 55m 51.75718s[1]
Declination +38° 29′ 12.154″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.95[2]
Spectral type B5 IV[3]
B−V color index −0.086±0.009[2]
Radial velocity (Rv) −14.8±2.2[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +6.559[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −0.469[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 3.0418 ± 0.2388[1] mas
Distance 1,070 ± 80 ly
(330 ± 30 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −3.18[2]
Period (P) 78.2±0.4 d
Eccentricity (e) 0.17±0.13
Periastron epoch (T) 2443734.5±2.1 JD
Argument of periastron (ω)
Semi-amplitude (K1)
20.7±3.1 km/s
22 Cyg A
Mass 7.9±0.4[6] M
Radius 5.6[7] R
Luminosity 7,305[8] L
Surface gravity (log g) 3.35[9] cgs
Temperature 15,200[8] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 30[10] km/s
Age 37.3±4.2[6] Myr
Other designations
22 Cyg, BD+38°3817, HD 188892, HIP 98068, HR 7613, SAO 69101[11]
Database references

22 Cygni is a binary star system in the constellation Cygnus. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.95.[2] The annual shift of 3.0 mas[1] yields a distance estimate of around 1,070 light years. It is moving closer to the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of −15 km/s.[4]

This is a single-lined spectroscopic binary with an orbital period of 78.2 days and an eccentricity of roughly 0.17.[5] The visible component has a stellar classification of B5 IV[3] matches a B-type subgiant star. It is 37[6] million years old with a projected rotational velocity of 30[10] km/s and has an essentially solar metallicity, within the margin of error.[9] The star has eight[6] times the mass of the Sun and about 5.6[7] times the Sun's radius. It is radiating 7,305[8] times the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 15,200 K.[8]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b c d Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  3. ^ a b Lesh, Janet Rountree (December 1968), "The Kinematics of the Gould Belt: an Expanding Group?", Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 17: 371, Bibcode:1968ApJS...17..371L, doi:10.1086/190179.
  4. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (2006), "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system", Astronomy Letters, 32 (11): 759, arXiv:1606.08053, Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G, doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065.
  5. ^ a b Abt, Helmut A.; et al. (October 1990), "The Frequency and Formation Mechanism of B2--B5 Main-Sequence Binaries", Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 74: 551, Bibcode:1990ApJS...74..551A, doi:10.1086/191508.
  6. ^ a b c d Tetzlaff, N.; et al. (January 2011), "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x.
  7. ^ a b Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; et al. (February 2001), "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS)", Astronomy and Astrophysics (Third ed.), 367: 521–524, arXiv:astro-ph/0012289, Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451.
  8. ^ a b c d Hohle, M. M.; et al. (April 2010), "Masses and luminosities of O- and B-type stars and red supergiants", Astronomische Nachrichten, 331 (4): 349, arXiv:1003.2335, Bibcode:2010AN....331..349H, doi:10.1002/asna.200911355.
  9. ^ a b Adelman, Saul J. (June 1998), "Elemental abundance analyses with DAO spectrograms - XIX. The superficially normal B stars zeta Draconis, epsilon Lyrae, 8 Cygni and 22 Cygni", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 296 (4): 856–862, Bibcode:1998MNRAS.296..856A, doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.1998.01426.x.
  10. ^ a b Abt, Helmut A.; et al. (July 2002), "Rotational Velocities of B Stars", The Astrophysical Journal, 573 (1): 359–365, Bibcode:2002ApJ...573..359A, doi:10.1086/340590
  11. ^ "22 Cyg". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
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