2021 in spaceflight

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2021 in spaceflight
JWST Full Mirror.jpg
The James Webb Space Telescope is set to launch aboard an Ariane 5 rocket in 2021.

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2021.

Overview

Multiple spaceflights to the Moon are planned to take place in 2021. As part of NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services program, the launches of commercial landers developed by Astrobotic Technology and Intuitive Machines are scheduled. Russia plans to resume its Luna-Glob exploration programme with the Luna 25 lander, and India will attempt once more to deliver a robotic lander to the lunar surface with Chandrayaan-3. Artemis 1 is planned to fly in April, the maiden flight of the Space Launch System and the first lunar mission for Orion. NASA is planning a crewed return to the Moon sometime in the 2020s, and following that a human mission to Mars in the mid 2030s.

The long-delayed James Webb Space Telescope, the largest space telescope ever built, is planned to be launched to the Sun–Earth L2 point by a European Ariane 5 rocket in March.[1]

The trend towards cost reduction in access to orbit is expected to continue. United Launch Alliance plans to debut their Vulcan rocket, which was designed to gradually replace Atlas V at lower costs.[2] Blue Origin plans to launch its first orbital-class New Glenn rocket with a reusable first stage.[3] Northrop Grumman plans to carry out the maiden launch of the Omega launch vehicle.[4] SpaceX plans the first commercial flight of the fully reusable Starship.[5] Multiple other companies plan to introduce smaller rockets.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

14 January[6] United States Atlas V 401 United States Vandenberg SLC-3E United States ULA
United States Landsat 9[7] NASA / USGS Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
United States CatSat University of Arizona Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CUTE CU Boulder Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy  
United States CuPID Boston University Low Earth Space weather  
The ELaNa 34 mission will launch on this flight.
January (TBD)[8] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4[9] France Arianespace
European Union Galileo FOC 23, 24 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
First Galileo launch with Ariane 6, carrying Patrick and a yet-to-be-named satellite.
January (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 13 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  

February

February (TBD)[11] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States GPS IIIA-06 U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation  
February (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 14 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
February (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 15 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[10]
February (TBD)[12] South Korea KSLV-II (Nuri) South Korea Naro LC-2 South Korea KARI
South Korea TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of KSLV-II (also known as Nuri), South Korea's first indigenously developed orbital launch vehicle.
February (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Vostochny Site 1S France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 36
(Vostochny flight 5)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
February (TBD)[14] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Terran 1.

March

30 March[1] European Union Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States Europe Canada James Webb Space Telescope NASA/ESA/CSA Sun–Earth L2,
Halo orbit
Astronomy  
International space observatory mission utilizing a long-wavelength visible and infrared telescope. Launching to L2.
March (TBD)[15] United States Atlas V 411 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States SBIRS-GEO 5[16] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Early warning  
March (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 16 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
March (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-18 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 64/65  
March (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Vostochny Site 1S France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 36
(Vostochny flight 6)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
March (TBD)[17] China TBA China TBA China TBA
China Italy CSES-02 / Zhangheng 2[18] CNSA / ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Ionospheric research
 
Q1 (TBD)[19] United States Atlas V 551 or Falcon Heavy United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States ULA or SpaceX
United States ViaSat-3 Americas[20][21] ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q1 (TBD)[23][24] South Korea Blue Whale 1 Australia Whalers Way South Korea Perigee Aerospace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
First commercial flight of Blue Whale 1.[22]
Q1 (TBD)[25] United States Electron United States MARS LC-2 United States Rocket Lab
United States CAPSTONE NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Technology demonstration  
Q1 (TBD)[26] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Turkey Türksat 5B[27] Türksat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q1 (TBD)[28] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States WorldView Legion 1[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 2[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q1 (TBD)[30] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Chandrayaan-3 ISRO Selenocentric Lunar lander / rover  
H1 (TBD)[31][32] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia GK Launch Services
South Korea CAS500-2 KAI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
South Korea SNIPE × 4 KASI Low Earth (Polar) Ionospheric research
Space physics
 
Q1 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 19 (K1 №7) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Q1 (TBD)[33] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States TROPICS[34] NASA Low Earth Earth observation  

April

18 April[35] United States SLS Block 1 United States Kennedy LC-39B United States NASA
United States Artemis 1 NASA Selenocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Near-Earth Asteroid Scout NASA Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Lunar Flashlight NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
United States BioSentinel NASA Heliocentric Astrobiology  
United States SkyFire Lockheed Martin Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Lunar IceCube NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
United States CuSP NASA Heliocentric Space weather  
United States Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
Japan EQUULEUS University of Tokyo Earth–Moon L2 Earth observation  
Japan OMOTENASHI JAXA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Italy ArgoMoon ASI Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
Maiden flight of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS).
April (TBD)[6] United States Antares 230+ United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-15 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States SpaceICE Northwestern University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CaNOP Carthage College Low Earth Earth observation  
The ELaNa 36 mission will launch on this resupply flight.
April (TBD)[36] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Italy IXPE NASA / ASI Low Earth X-ray astronomy  
Launch of the IXPE X-ray astronomy satellite under NASA's Small Explorer program.
April (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 17 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
April (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 18 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[10]
Q2[37] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-18 / 79P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  

May

May (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 19 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  

June

June (TBD)[8] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4[9] France Arianespace
European Union Galileo FOC 25, 26 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
Second Galileo launch with Ariane 6.
June (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 20 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
Q2 (TBD)[38][39] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States NationSat Saturn Satellite Networks Geosynchronous Communications  
TBA TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
Q2 (TBD)[40] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States AFSPC-52 U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Communications  
Q2 (TBD)[42] United States OmegA United States Kennedy LC-39B United States Northrop Grumman
United States NationSat Saturn Satellite Networks Geosynchronous Communications  
Maiden flight of OmegA.[41]
Q2 (TBD)[43][44] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q2 (TBD)[45][46] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India XPoSat ISRO / RRI Low Earth X-ray astronomy  
Q2 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 20 (K1 №8) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
H1 2021 (TBD)[47][48] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-P №4[49] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
H1 2021 (TBD)[50] TBA TBA TBA
United Kingdom Inmarsat-6 F2 (GX 6B)[51] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  

July

22 July[53] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States DART NASA Heliocentric Asteroid redirect test  
Italy LICIA Cube ASI Heliocentric Asteroid flyby  
Launch of the DART mission.[52]
July (TBD)[54][55] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Nova-C Intuitive Machines Selenocentric Lunar lander  
July (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 21 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
July (TBD)[56] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Gaganyaan 2 ISRO Low Earth Flight test  
Second Gaganyaan flight test.
July (TBD)[37] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-19 / 80P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
July (TBD)[57] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Luna 25[58] Roscosmos Selenocentric Lunar lander  
First mission of the Luna-Glob Moon exploration programme.
July (TBD)[59] United States Vulcan 522 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Peregrine[60] Astrobotic Technology Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Maiden flight of Vulcan Centaur.

August

August (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 22 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
August (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 23 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[10]
August (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 24 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
August (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Kondor-FKA No.1 Roscosmos Low Earth Reconnaissance  
August (TBD)[61][62] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M[13] Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Meteor-M №2-3 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  

September

September (TBD)[59] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
Germany SARah 2[63] Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
Germany SARah 3[63] Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
September (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 25 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
September (TBD)[64] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States France SWOT NASA/CNES Low Earth Earth observation  
September (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-19 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 65/66  
September (TBD)[59] United States Vulcan 542 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Dream Chaser NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
First Dream Chaser cargo mission for CRS-2. Second flight of Vulcan.[65]
Q3 (TBD)[19][66] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
United States ViaSat-3 EMEA[20][21] ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications  
Maiden flight of the Ariane 64 configuration.
Q3 (TBD)[68] United States Ravn X United States Cecil Spaceport United States Aevum
United States ASLON-45 U.S. Space Force Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Multiple experimental CubeSats will be launched using the Agile Small Launch Operational Normalizer (ASLON) vehicle under the Small Rocket Program-Orbital (SRP-O) program for the Space and Missile Systems Center.[67]
Q3 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 21 (K1 №9) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Q3 (TBD)[69][70] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-P №5[49] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[71] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States Dedicated rideshare mission Spaceflight Industries Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
Rideshare mission for smallsats.

October

October (TBD)[72] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
France CSO 3[73] French Armed Forces Low Earth Reconnaissance  
October (TBD)[74] United States Atlas V 401[74] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Lucy NASA Heliocentric Exploration of Jupiter trojans  
October (TBD)[75] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Japan Hakuto-R Mission 1[76] ispace Selenocentric Lunar lander  
October (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 26 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
October (TBD)[77] South Korea KSLV-II (Nuri) South Korea Naro LC-2 South Korea KARI
South Korea NEXTSat 2[78] KAIST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
October (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Meteor-M №2-4 Roscosmos Low Earth Meteorology  
Russia Ionosfera-M 1&2[79] Roskosmos Low Earth Earth observation  

November

November (TBD)[59] United States Atlas V N22 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Starliner CTS-2 / USCV 4 Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS crew transport  
Second operational mission of the CST-100 Starliner capsule as part of ISS Crew Transportation Services program.
November (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 27 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  

December

December (TBD)[80] United States Atlas V 541 United States Cape Canaveral LC-41 United States ULA
United States GOES-T[81] NASA / NOAA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
December (TBD)[82] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Intruder 13 / NROL-85[83] NRO Low Earth ELINT  
December (TBD)[82] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States NROL-87[84] NRO Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
December (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 28 SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
December (TBD)[10] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission 29 SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[10]
December (TBD)[85] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
South Korea KOMPSat 7 (Arirang 7) KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q4 (TBD)[86] Russia Angara 1.2 Russia Plesetsk Site 35/1 United States Russia ILS
South Korea KOMPSat 6 (Arirang 6) KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q4 (TBD)[8] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Europe MTG-I1 EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Meteorology  
Q4 (TBD)[87] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Crew Dragon SpaceX / Space Adventures Low Earth Space tourism  
5-day orbital flight of up to four passengers to an altitude exceeding 1,000 kilometres (620 mi).
Q4 (TBD)[88] United States Firefly Beta[89] United States TBA United States Firefly
United States Genesis Firefly Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Q4 (TBD)[90][91] China Long March 2C China Xichang China CASC
China France SVOM CNSA / CNES Low Earth Gamma-ray burst observatory  
Q4 (TBD)[13] Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress AMU-4 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[92] United Kingdom Skyrora XL United Kingdom TBA United Kingdom Skyrora
United Kingdom TBA Skyrora Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Skyrora XL.
Q4 (TBD)[13][93] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M[94][95] Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Gonets-M 23 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 24 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 25 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  

To be determined

2021 (TBD)[96] Russia Angara A5 or Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress AMU-3 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
Russia Ekspress AMU-7 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[8][97] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Germany Heinrich Hertz (H2Sat)[98][a] DLR Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[99][100] European Union Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Malaysia MEASAT-3d[a] MEASAT Geosynchronous Communications  
H2 2021 (TBD)[101][102] France Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Sweden Ovzon 3[a] Ovzon Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[8][103] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Luxembourg SES-17[104][a] SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications  
H2 2021 (TBD)[105] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Hotbird 13F[106] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Europe Hotbird 13G[106] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
H2 2021 (TBD)[59][109] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Germany ALINA[110] PTScientists Moon transfer Lunar lander  
The Autonomous Landing and Navigation Module (ALINA) will land near the Apollo 17 landing site and deploy two Audi lunar rovers. They will try to locate NASA's Lunar Roving Vehicle and stream images back to Earth using a small 4G base station on ALINA developed by Nokia and Vodafone Germany.[107][108]
2021 (TBD)[111] United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States AFSPC-12 / WFOV[112] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Early warning  
2021 (TBD)[113] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral United States SpaceX
Luxembourg O3b mPower × 3 or 4 (FM21–FM23/4) SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications  
2021 (TBD)[113] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral United States SpaceX
Luxembourg O3b mPower × 3 or 4 (FM24/5–FM27) SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications  
2021 (TBD)[114] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States WorldView Legion 3[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 4[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 5[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 6[29] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[116] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India DRSS-2 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Second of two Indian Data Relay Satellites.[115]
2021 (TBD)[117] China Hyperbola-2 China TBA China i-Space
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Hyperbola-2.
2021 (TBD)[118] China Jielong 3 China Jiuquan LA-4 China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Maiden flight of Jielong 3, also known as Smart Dragon 3 (SD-3).
2021 (TBD)[90] China Long March 2F China Jiuquan SLS-1 China CASC
China Shenzhou 12 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Crewed spaceflight  
Crewed flight to the Chinese space station.
2021 (TBD)[90] China Long March 2F China Jiuquan SLS-1 China CASC
China Shenzhou 13 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Crewed spaceflight  
Crewed flight to the Chinese space station.
2021 (TBD)[90] China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China Fengyun 3F[119] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2021 (TBD)[120] China Long March 4C[119] China Taiyuan LC-9 China CAST
China Fengyun 3RM-1[90] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2021 (TBD)[121] China Long March 5B China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Tianhe CNSA Low Earth Space station assembly  
Tianhe is the foundation element of the Chinese Space Station, providing life support and living quarters for three crew members, and guidance, navigation and attitude control for the station.
2021 (TBD)[90] China Long March 5B China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Wentian CNSA Low Earth Space station assembly  
Wentian is the first laboratory module of the Chinese Space Station.
2021 (TBD)[90] China Long March 7 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Tianzhou 2 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Space logistics  
2021 (TBD)[90] China Long March 7 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Tianzhou 3 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Space logistics  
2021 (TBD)[122] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
Cambodia Techo 1[123] The Royal Group Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[3] United States New Glenn United States Cape Canaveral LC-36 United States Blue Origin
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Blue Origin's New Glenn rocket.
2021 (TBD)[124] China NewLine-1 China TBA China LinkSpace
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of NewLine-1.
2021 (TBD)[125] United Kingdom Prime United Kingdom Sutherland United Kingdom Orbex
United Kingdom SSTL experimental payload SSTL Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Maiden launch of the Orbex Prime smallsat launch vehicle.
2021 (TBD)[126] India PSLV-CA India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
Germany EnMAP[127] DLR / GFZ Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[44] India PSLV[43] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Oceansat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography  
2021 (TBD)[44] India PSLV[43] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[44] India PSLV[43] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3SA ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[48][44] India PSLV[43] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India RISAT-1B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
H2 2021 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Obzor-R №1[128] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K2 14L (K2 №2) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Second GLONASS-K2 test satellite[129]
2021 (TBD)[130] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K2 13L (K2 №1) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2021 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 17 (K1 №4) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2021 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 18 (K1 №6) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2021 (TBD)[131][132] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Gonets-M 20[133] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 21 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 22 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
2021 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34
(Baikonur flight 8)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34
(Baikonur flight 9)
OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021 (TBD)[134] United States Spyder United States Spaceport America United States UP Aerospace
United States TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Spyder.
2021 (TBD)[135] United States Starship United States TBA United States SpaceX
TBA TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
First commercial flight of Starship.
2021 (TBD)[118] China Tenglong 1 China TBA China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Tenglong 1, also known as Flying Dragon 1.
2021 (TBD)[136] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
Canada Telesat LEO × (unspecified number) Telesat Low Earth Communications  
2021 (TBD)[137] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States Vigoride Momentus Space Geosynchronous Space tug  
2021 (TBD)[138] Europe Vega-C[139] France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
France CERES × 3[140] French Armed Forces Low Earth SIGINT  
2021 (TBD)[141] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
United States SpaceBelt 1–10 Cloud Constellation Low Earth Communications  
2021 (TBD)[142] Europe Vega or Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Thailand THEOS-2 GISTDA Low Earth Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[118] China Zhuque-2 China Jiuquan China LandSpace
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Zhuque-2, LandSpace's first liquid-propellant rocket.[143]
2021 (TBD)[48] China TBA China TBA China CASC
China Brazil CBERS 5 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[144] TBA TBA TBA
United States EchoStar 24 / Jupiter 3[145] EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications  

Suborbital flights

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
17 January Parker Solar Probe 7th perihelion
20 February Parker Solar Probe Fourth gravity assist at Venus
21 February Juno 32nd perijove of Jupiter
March OSIRIS-REx Departure from asteroid Bennu
15 April Juno 33rd perijove
29 April Parker Solar Probe 8th perihelion
7 June Juno 34th perijove
30 July Juno End of mission Intentional destructive entry into Jupiter's atmosphere
8 August Solar Orbiter Second gravity assist at Venus[146]
9 August Parker Solar Probe 9th perihelion
11 August BepiColombo Second gravity assist at Venus
2 October BepiColombo First gravity assist at Mercury
16 October Parker Solar Probe Fifth gravity assist at Venus
21 November Parker Solar Probe 10th perihelion
26 November Solar Orbiter Gravity assist at Earth[146] Gravity assist will set up future fly-bys of Venus that will increase its inclination relative to the Sun.

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By spaceport

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth 0 0 0 0
Geosynchronous / transfer 0 0 0 0
Medium Earth 0 0 0 0
High Earth 0 0 0 0
Heliocentric orbit 0 0 0 0 Including planetary transfer orbits

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Ariane 5 carries two satellites per mission; manifested payloads still need to be paired.

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External links

Generic references:
RocketSunIcon.svg Spaceflight portal
  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
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