Page semi-protected

2018 FIFA World Cup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from 2018 FIFA World Cup awards)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2018 FIFA World Cup
Чемпионат мира по футболу FIFA 2018
Chempionat mira po futbolu FIFA 2018
2018 FIFA World Cup.svg
2018 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country Russia
Dates 14 June – 15 July
Teams 32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s) 12 (in 11 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  France (2nd title)
Runners-up  Croatia
Third place  Belgium
Fourth place  England
Tournament statistics
Matches played 64
Goals scored 169 (2.64 per match)
Attendance 3,031,768 (47,371 per match)
Top scorer(s) England Harry Kane (6 goals)
Best player(s) Croatia Luka Modrić
Best young player France Kylian Mbappé
Best goalkeeper Belgium Thibaut Courtois
Fair play award  Spain
2014
2022

The 2018 FIFA World Cup was the 21st FIFA World Cup, an international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of FIFA once every four years. It took place in Russia from 14 June to 15 July 2018.[1] It was the first World Cup to be held in Eastern Europe,[2] and the 11th time that it had been held in Europe. At an estimated cost of over $14.2 billion, it was the most expensive World Cup.[3] It was also the first World Cup to use the video assistant referee (VAR) system.[4][5]

The finals involved 32 teams, of which 31 came through qualifying competitions, while the host nation qualified automatically. Of the 32 teams, 20 had also appeared in the previous tournament in 2014, while both Iceland and Panama made their first appearances at a FIFA World Cup. A total of 64 matches were played in 12 venues across 11 cities.[6]

The final took place on 15 July at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, between France and Croatia. France won the match 4–2 to claim their second World Cup title, marking the fourth consecutive title won by a European team.

Host selection

Russian bid personnel celebrate the awarding of the 2018 World Cup to Russia on 2 December 2010.
President Vladimir Putin holding the FIFA World Cup Trophy at a pre-tournament ceremony in Moscow on 9 September 2017
The 100-ruble commemorative banknote celebrates the 2018 FIFA World Cup. It features an image of Soviet goalkeeper Lev Yashin.

The bidding procedure to host the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup tournaments began in January 2009, and national associations had until 2 February 2009 to register their interest.[7] Initially, nine countries placed bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, but Mexico later withdrew from proceedings,[8] and Indonesia's bid was rejected by FIFA in February 2010 after the Indonesian government failed to submit a letter to support the bid.[9] During the bidding process, the three remaining non-UEFA nations (Australia, Japan, and the United States) gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, and the UEFA nations were thus ruled out of the 2022 bid. As such, there were eventually four bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, two of which were joint bids: England, Russia, Netherlands/Belgium, and Portugal/Spain.

The 22-member FIFA Executive Committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments.[10] Russia won the right to be the 2018 host in the second round of voting. The Portugal/Spain bid came second, and that from Belgium/Netherlands third. England, which was bidding to host its second tournament, was eliminated in the first round.[11]

The voting results were as follows:[12]

2018 FIFA bidding (majority 12 votes)
Bidders Votes
Round 1 Round 2
Russia 9 13
Portugal / Spain 7 7
Belgium / Netherlands 4 2
England 2 Eliminated

Criticism

The English Football Association and others raised concerns of bribery on the part of the Russian team and corruption from FIFA members. They claimed that four members of the executive committee had requested bribes to vote for England, and Sepp Blatter had said that it had already been arranged before the vote that Russia would win.[13] The 2014 Garcia Report, an internal investigation led by Michael J. Garcia, was withheld from public release by Hans-Joachim Eckert, FIFA's head of adjudication on ethical matters. Eckert instead released a shorter revised summary, and his (and therefore FIFA's) reluctance to publish the full report caused Garcia to resign in protest.[14] Because of the controversy, the FA refused to accept Eckert's absolving of Russia from blame, with Greg Dyke calling for a re-examination of the affair and David Bernstein calling for a boycott of the World Cup.[15][16]

Teams

Qualification

For the first time in the history of the FIFA World Cup, all eligible nations – the 209 FIFA member associations minus automatically qualified hosts Russia – applied to enter the qualifying process.[17] Zimbabwe and Indonesia were later disqualified before playing their first matches,[18][19] while Gibraltar and Kosovo, who joined FIFA on 13 May 2016 after the qualifying draw but before European qualifying had begun, also entered the competition.[20] Places in the tournament were allocated to continental confederations, with the allocation unchanged from the 2014 World Cup.[21][22] The first qualification game, between Timor-Leste and Mongolia, began in Dili on 12 March 2015 as part of the AFC's qualification,[23] and the main qualifying draw took place at the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, Saint Petersburg, on 25 July 2015.[24][25][26][1]

Of the 32 nations qualified to play at the 2018 FIFA World Cup, 20 countries competed at the previous tournament in 2014. Both Iceland and Panama qualified for the first time, with the former becoming the smallest country in terms of population to reach the World Cup.[27] Other teams returning after absences of at least three tournaments include: Egypt, returning to the finals after their last appearance in 1990; Morocco, who last competed in 1998; Peru, returning after 1982; and Senegal, competing for the second time after reaching the quarter-finals in 2002. It is the first time three Nordic countries (Denmark, Iceland and Sweden) and four Arab nations (Egypt, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia) have qualified for the World Cup.[28]

Notable countries that failed to qualify include four-time champions Italy (for the first time since 1958), three-time runners-up and third placed in 2014 the Netherlands (for the first time since 2002), and four reigning continental champions: 2017 Africa Cup of Nations winners Cameroon, two-time Copa América champions and 2017 Confederations Cup runners-up Chile, 2016 OFC Nations Cup winners New Zealand, and 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup champions United States (for the first time since 1986). The other notable qualifying streaks broken were for Ghana and Ivory Coast, who had both made the previous three tournaments.[29]

Note: Numbers in parentheses indicate positions in the FIFA World Rankings at the time of the tournament.[30]

Draw

Italian World Cup winner Fabio Cannavaro in Moscow at the 2018 World Cup draw

The draw was held on 1 December 2017 at 18:00 MSK at the State Kremlin Palace in Moscow.[31][32] The 32 teams were drawn into 8 groups of 4, by selecting one team from each of the 4 ranked pots.

For the draw, the teams were allocated to four pots based on the FIFA World Rankings of October 2017. Pot 1 contained the hosts Russia (who were automatically assigned to position A1) and the best seven teams, pot 2 contained the next best eight teams, and so on for pots 3 and 4.[33] This was different from previous draws, when only pot 1 was based on FIFA rankings while the remaining pots were based on geographical considerations. However, teams from the same confederation still were not drawn against each other for the group stage, except that two UEFA teams could be in each group.

Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4

 Russia (65) (hosts)
 Germany (1)
 Brazil (2)
 Portugal (3)
 Argentina (4)
 Belgium (5)
 Poland (6)
 France (7)

 Spain (8)
 Peru (10)
  Switzerland (11)
 England (12)
 Colombia (13)
 Mexico (16)
 Uruguay (17)
 Croatia (18)

 Denmark (19)
 Iceland (21)
 Costa Rica (22)
 Sweden (25)
 Tunisia (28)
 Egypt (30)
 Senegal (32)
 Iran (34)

 Serbia (38)
 Nigeria (41)
 Australia (43)
 Japan (44)
 Morocco (48)
 Panama (49)
 South Korea (62)
 Saudi Arabia (63)

Squads

Croatia players after the 2018 World Cup Final against France

Initially, each team had to name a preliminary squad of 30 players but, in February 2018, this was increased to 35.[34] From the preliminary squad, the team had to name a final squad of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers) by 4 June. Players in the final squad may be replaced for serious injury up to 24 hours prior to kickoff of the team's first match and such replacements do not need to have been named in the preliminary squad.[35]

For players named in the 35-player preliminary squad, there was a mandatory rest period between 21 and 27 May 2018, except for those involved in the 2018 UEFA Champions League Final played on 26 May.[36]

Officiating

On 29 March 2018, FIFA released the list of 36 referees and 63 assistant referees selected to oversee matches.[37] On 30 April 2018, FIFA released the list of 13 video assistant referees, who solely acted in this capacity in the tournament.[38]

Referee Fahad Al-Mirdasi of Saudi Arabia was removed in 30 May 2018 over a match-fixing attempt,[39] along with his two assistant referees, compatriots Mohammed Al-Abakry and Abdulah Al-Shalwai. A new referee was not appointed, but two assistant referees, Hasan Al Mahri of the United Arab Emirates and Hiroshi Yamauchi of Japan, were added to the list.[40][41] Assistant referee Marwa Range of Kenya also withdrew after the BBC released an investigation conducted by a Ghanaian journalist which implicated Marwa in a bribery scandal.[42]

Video assistant referees

Shortly after the International Football Association Board's decision to incorporate video assistant referees (VARs) into the Laws of the Game, on 16 March 2018, the FIFA Council took the much-anticipated step of approving the use of VAR for the first time in a FIFA World Cup tournament.[43][44]

VAR operations for all games are operating from a single headquarters in Moscow, which receives live video of the games and are in radio contact with the on-field referees.[45] Systems are in place for communicating VAR-related information to broadcasters and visuals on stadiums' large screens are used for the fans in attendance.[45]

VAR had a significant impact in several games.[46] On 15 June 2018, Diego Costa's goal against Portugal became the first World Cup goal based on a VAR decision;[47] the first penalty as a result of a VAR decision was awarded to France in their match against Australia on 16 June and resulted in a goal by Antoine Griezmann.[48] A record number of penalties were awarded in the tournament, with this phenomenon being partially attributed to VAR.[49] Overall, the new technology has been both praised and criticised by commentators.[50] FIFA declared the implementation of VAR a success after the first week of competition.[51]

Venues

Russia proposed the following host cities: Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Saransk, Sochi, Volgograd, Yaroslavl, and Yekaterinburg.[52] Most cities are in European Russia, while Sochi[53] and Yekaterinburg[54] are very close to the Europe-Asia border, to reduce travel time for the teams in the huge country. The bid evaluation report stated: "The Russian bid proposes 13 host cities and 16 stadiums, thus exceeding FIFA's minimum requirement. Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed."[55]

In October 2011, Russia decreased the number of stadiums from 16 to 14. Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the Moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and also in the capital, Otkrytiye Arena was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first.[56]

The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September 2012. The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list. Of the 12 stadiums used for the tournament, 3 (Luzhniki, Yekaterinburg and Sochi) have been extensively renovated and the other 9 stadiums to be used are brand new; $11.8 billion has been spent on hosting the tournament.[57]

Sepp Blatter stated in July 2014 that, given the concerns over the completion of venues in Russia, the number of venues for the tournament may be reduced from 12 to 10. He also said, "We are not going to be in a situation, as is the case of one, two or even three stadiums in South Africa, where it is a problem of what you do with these stadiums".[58]

Reconstruction of the Yekaterinburg Central Stadium in January 2017

In October 2014, on their first official visit to Russia, FIFA's inspection committee and its head Chris Unger visited St Petersburg, Sochi, Kazan and both Moscow venues. They were satisfied with the progress.[59]

On 8 October 2015, FIFA and the Local Organising Committee agreed on the official names of the stadiums used during the tournament.[60]

Of the twelve venues used, the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow and the Saint Petersburg Stadium – the two largest stadiums in Russia – were used most, both hosting seven matches. Sochi, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara all hosted six matches, including one quarter-final match each, while the Otkrytiye Stadium in Moscow and Rostov-on-Don hosted five matches, including one round-of-16 match each. Volgograd, Kaliningrad, Yekaterinburg and Saransk all hosted four matches, but did not host any knockout stage games.

Stadiums

Exterior of Otkrytie Arena in Moscow

A total of twelve stadiums in eleven Russian cities were built and renovated for the FIFA World Cup.[61]

  • Kaliningrad: Kaliningrad Stadium. The first piles were driven into the ground in September 2015. On 11 April 2018 the new stadium hosted its first match.
  • Kazan: Kazan Arena. The stadium was built for the 2013 Summer Universiade. It has since hosted the 2015 World Aquatics Championship and the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup. The stadium serves as a home arena to FC Rubin Kazan.
  • Moscow: Luzhniki Stadium. The largest stadium in the country was closed for renovation in 2013. The stadium was commissioned in November 2017.
  • Moscow: Spartak Stadium. The stadium is a home arena to its namesake FC Spartak Moscow. In accordance with the FIFA requirements, during the 2018 World Cup it is called Spartak Stadium instead of its usual name Otkritie Arena. The stadium hosted its first match on 5 September 2014.
  • Nizhny Novgorod: Nizhny Novgorod Stadium. The construction of the Nizhny Novgorod Stadium commenced in 2015. The project was completed in December 2017.[62]
  • Rostov-on-Don: Rostov Arena. The stadium is located on the left bank of the Don River. The stadium construction was completed on 22 December 2017.
  • Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg Stadium. The construction of the stadium commenced in 2007. The project was officially completed on 29 December 2016.[63] The stadium has hosted games of the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and will serve as a venue for UEFA Euro 2020.
  • Samara: Samara Arena. The construction officially started on 21 July 2014. The project was completed on 21 April 2018.
  • Saransk: Mordovia Arena. The stadium in Saransk was scheduled to be commissioned in 2012 in time for the opening of the all-Russian Spartakiad, but the plan was revised. The opening was rescheduled to 2017. The arena hosted its first match on 21 April 2018.
  • Sochi: Fisht Stadium. The stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2014 Winter Olympics. Afterwards, it was renovated in preparation for the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and 2018 World Cup.
  • Volgograd: Volgograd Arena. The main arena of Volgograd was built on the demolished Central Stadium site, at the foot of the Mamayev Kurgan memorial complex. The stadium was commissioned on 3 April 2018.[64]
  • Yekaterinburg: Ekaterinburg Arena. The Central Stadium of Yekaterinburg has been renovated for the FIFA World Cup. The arena's stands have a capacity of 35,000 spectators. The renovation project was completed in December 2017.
Moscow Saint Petersburg Sochi
Luzhniki Stadium Otkritie Arena
(Spartak Stadium)
Krestovsky Stadium
(Saint Petersburg Stadium)
Fisht Olympic Stadium
(Fisht Stadium)
Capacity: 78,011[65] Capacity: 44,190[66] Capacity: 64,468[67] Capacity: 44,287[68]
Moscow-Exterior of Luzhniki Stadium (2).jpg Stadium Otkrytiye Arena1.jpg Krestovsky Stadium.jpg Fisht Stadium in January 2018.jpg
Volgograd Rostov-on-Don
Volgograd Arena Rostov Arena
Capacity: 43,713[69] Capacity: 43,472[70]
Volgograd Arena 2018-06-25 before match Saudi Arabia vs Egypt Outside 01.jpeg Rostov Arena (2).jpg
Nizhny Novgorod Kazan
Nizhny Novgorod Stadium Kazan Arena
Capacity: 43,319[71] Capacity: 42,873[72]
Стадион Нижний Новгород, 23 июня 2018.jpg Общий вид стадиона.jpg
Samara Saransk Kaliningrad Yekaterinburg
Samara Arena Mordovia Arena Kaliningrad Stadium Central Stadium
(Ekaterinburg Arena)
Capacity: 41,970[73] Capacity: 41,685[74] Capacity: 33,973[75] Capacity: 33,061[76]
Samara arena.png MordoviaArenaStadium.jpg Kaliningrad stadium - 2018-04-07.jpg Japan-Senegal in Yekaterinburg (FIFA World Cup 2018) 06.jpg

Team base camps

Base camps were used by the 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. On 9 February 2018, FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team.[77]

Preparation and costs

Budget

Scale model of the Volgograd Arena. Construction began in 2015.

At an estimated cost of over $14.2 billion as of June 2018,[3] it is the most expensive World Cup in history, surpassing the cost of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil.[81]

The Russian government had originally earmarked a budget of around $20 billion[82] which was later slashed to $10 billion for the preparations of the World Cup, of which half is spent on transport infrastructure.[83] As part of the program for preparation to the 2018 FIFA World Cup, a federal sub-program "Construction and Renovation of Transport Infrastructure" was implemented with a total budget of 352.5 billion rubles, with 170.3 billion coming from the federal budget, 35.1 billion from regional budgets, and 147.1 billion from investors.[84] The biggest item of federal spending was the aviation infrastructure (117.8 billion rubles).[85] Construction of new hotels was a crucial area of infrastructure development in the World Cup host cities. Costs continued to balloon as preparations were underway.[81]

Infrastructure spending

Platov International Airport in Rostov-on-Don was upgraded with automated air traffic control systems, modern surveillance, navigation, communication, control, and meteorological support systems.[86] Koltsovo Airport in Yekaterinburg was upgraded with radio-engineering tools for flight operation and received its second runway strip. Saransk Airport received a new navigation system; the city also got two new hotels, Mercure Saransk Centre (Accor Hotels) and Four Points by Sheraton Saransk (Starwood Hotels) as well as few other smaller accommodation facilities.[87] In Samara, new tram lines were laid.[88] Khrabrovo Airport in Kaliningrad was upgraded with radio navigation and weather equipment.[89] Renovation and upgrade of radio-engineering tools for flight operation was completed in the airports of Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Volgograd, Samara, Yekaterinburg, Kazan and Sochi.[86] On 27 March, the Ministry of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector of Russia reported that all communications within its area of responsibility have been commissioned. The last facility commissioned was a waste treatment station in Volgograd. In Yekaterinburg, where four matches are hosted, hosting costs increased to over 7.4 billion rubles, over-running the 5.6 billion rubles originally allocated from the state and regional budget.[90]

Volunteers

Volunteer flag bearers on the field prior to Belgium's (flag depicted) group stage match against Tunisia

Volunteer applications to the Russia 2018 Local Organising Committee opened on 1 June 2016. The 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia Volunteer Program received about 177,000 applications,[91] and engaged a total of 35,000 volunteers.[92] They received training at 15 Volunteer Centres of the Local Organising Committee based in 15 universities, and in Volunteer Centres in the host cities. Preference, especially in the key areas, was given to those with knowledge of foreign languages and volunteering experience, but not necessarily to Russian nationals.[93]

Transport

Free public transport services were offered for ticketholders during the World Cup, including additional trains linking between host cities, as well as services such as bus service within them.[94][95][96]

Schedule

Launching of a 1,000 days countdown in Moscow

The full schedule was announced by FIFA on 24 July 2015 (without kick-off times, which were confirmed later).[97][98] On 1 December 2017, following the final draw, six kick-off times were adjusted by FIFA.[99]

Russia was placed in position A1 in the group stage and played in the opening match at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on 14 June against Saudi Arabia, the two lowest-ranked teams of the tournament at the time of the final draw.[100] The Luzhniki Stadium also hosted the second semi-final on 11 July and the final on 15 July. The Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg hosted the first semi-final on 10 July and the third place play-off on 14 July.[101][21]

Opening ceremony

Soprano Aida Garifullina and pop singer Robbie Williams singing "Angels" at the opening ceremony

The opening ceremony took place on Thursday, 14 June 2018, at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, preceding the opening match of the tournament between hosts Russia and Saudi Arabia.[102][103]

At the start of the ceremony, Russian president Vladimir Putin gave a speech, welcoming the countries of the world to Russia and calling football a uniting force.[104] Brazilian World Cup-winning striker Ronaldo entered the stadium with a child in a Russia shirt.[104] Pop singer Robbie Williams then sang two of his songs solo before he and Russian soprano Aida Garifullina performed a duet.[104] Dancers dressed in the flags of the 32 competing teams appeared carrying a sign with the name of each nation.[104] At the end of the ceremony Ronaldo reappeared with the official match ball which had returned from the International Space Station in early June.[104]

Group stage

Competing countries were divided into eight groups of four teams (groups A to H). Teams in each group played one another in a round-robin basis, with the top two teams of each group advancing to the knockout stage. Ten European teams and four South American teams progressed to the knockout stage, together with Japan and Mexico.

For the first time since 1938, Germany (reigning champions) did not advance past the first round. For the first time since 1982, no African team progressed to the second round. For the first time, the fair play criteria came into use, when Japan qualified over Senegal due to having received fewer yellow cards. Only one match, France v Denmark, was goalless. Until then there were a record 36 straight games in which at least one goal was scored.[105]

All times listed below are local time.[99]

Tiebreakers

The ranking of teams in the group stage was determined as follows:[35][106]

  1. Points obtained in all group matches;
  2. Goal difference in all group matches;
  3. Number of goals scored in all group matches;
  4. Points obtained in the matches played between the teams in question;
  5. Goal difference in the matches played between the teams in question;
  6. Number of goals scored in the matches played between the teams in question;
  7. Fair play points in all group matches (only one deduction could be applied to a player in a single match):
    • Yellow card: –1 points;
    • Indirect red card (second yellow card): –3 points;
    • Direct red card: –4 points;
    • Yellow card and direct red card: –5 points;
  8. Drawing of lots.

Group A

Pre-match ceremony prior to the opening game, Russia v Saudi Arabia
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Uruguay 3 3 0 0 5 0 +5 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Russia (H) 3 2 0 1 8 4 +4 6
3  Saudi Arabia 3 1 0 2 2 7 −5 3
4  Egypt 3 0 0 3 2 6 −4 0
Source: FIFA
(H) Host.
Russia  5–0  Saudi Arabia
Report
Attendance: 78,011[107]
Egypt  0–1  Uruguay
Report

Russia  3–1  Egypt
Report
Uruguay  1–0  Saudi Arabia
Report
Attendance: 42,678[110]

Uruguay  3–0  Russia
Report
Attendance: 41,970[111]
Saudi Arabia  2–1  Egypt
Report
Attendance: 36,823[112]

Group B

The first match of the group, Iran's squad against Morocco in St. Petersburg
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Spain 3 1 2 0 6 5 +1 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Portugal 3 1 2 0 5 4 +1 5
3  Iran 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 4
4  Morocco 3 0 1 2 2 4 −2 1
Source: FIFA
Morocco  0–1  Iran
Report
Portugal  3–3  Spain
Report
Attendance: 43,866[114]

Portugal  1–0  Morocco
Report
Attendance: 78,011[115]
Iran  0–1  Spain
Report
Attendance: 42,718[116]

Iran  1–1  Portugal
Report
Attendance: 41,685[117]
Spain  2–2  Morocco
Report

Group C

Australia v Peru
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  France 3 2 1 0 3 1 +2 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  Denmark 3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 5
3  Peru 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
4  Australia 3 0 1 2 2 5 −3 1
Source: FIFA
France  2–1  Australia
Report
Attendance: 41,279[119]
Peru  0–1  Denmark
Report
Attendance: 40,502[120]

Denmark  1–1  Australia
Report
Attendance: 40,727[121]
France  1–0  Peru
Report

Denmark  0–0  France
Report
Attendance: 78,011[123]
Referee: Sandro Ricci (Brazil)
Australia  0–2  Peru
Report
Attendance: 44,073[124]

Group D

Iceland v Croatia
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Croatia 3 3 0 0 7 1 +6 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Argentina 3 1 1 1 3 5 −2 4
3  Nigeria 3 1 0 2 3 4 −1 3
4  Iceland 3 0 1 2 2 5 −3 1
Source: FIFA
Argentina  1–1  Iceland
Report
Attendance: 44,190[125]
Croatia  2–0  Nigeria
Report
Attendance: 31,136[126]
Referee: Sandro Ricci (Brazil)

Argentina  0–3  Croatia
Report
Nigeria  2–0  Iceland
Report
Attendance: 40,904[128]

Nigeria  1–2  Argentina
Report
Iceland  1–2  Croatia
Report
Attendance: 43,472[130]

Group E

Brazil v Costa Rica
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Brazil 3 2 1 0 5 1 +4 7 Advance to knockout stage
2   Switzerland 3 1 2 0 5 4 +1 5
3  Serbia 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
4  Costa Rica 3 0 1 2 2 5 −3 1
Source: FIFA
Costa Rica  0–1  Serbia
Report
Attendance: 41,432[131]
Brazil  1–1   Switzerland
Report

Brazil  2–0  Costa Rica
Report
Serbia  1–2   Switzerland
Report
Attendance: 33,167[134]
Referee: Felix Brych (Germany)

Serbia  0–2  Brazil
Report
Attendance: 44,190[135]
Switzerland   2–2  Costa Rica
Report

Group F

Germany v Mexico
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Sweden 3 2 0 1 5 2 +3 6 Advance to knockout stage
2  Mexico 3 2 0 1 3 4 −1 6
3  South Korea 3 1 0 2 3 3 0 3
4  Germany 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
Source: FIFA
Germany  0–1  Mexico
Report
Attendance: 78,011[137]
Sweden  1–0  South Korea
Report

South Korea  1–2  Mexico
Report
Attendance: 43,472[139]
Germany  2–1  Sweden
Report
Attendance: 44,287[140]

South Korea  2–0  Germany
Report
Attendance: 41,835[141]
Mexico  0–3  Sweden
Report

Group G

Belgium v Tunisia
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Belgium 3 3 0 0 9 2 +7 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  England 3 2 0 1 8 3 +5 6
3  Tunisia 3 1 0 2 5 8 −3 3
4  Panama 3 0 0 3 2 11 −9 0
Source: FIFA
Belgium  3–0  Panama
Report
Attendance: 43,257[143]
Tunisia  1–2  England
Report
  • Kane Goal 11'90+1'
Attendance: 41,064[144]

Belgium  5–2  Tunisia
Report
Attendance: 44,190[145]
England  6–1  Panama
Report

England  0–1  Belgium
Report
Panama  1–2  Tunisia
Report
Attendance: 37,168[148]

Group H

Japan v Poland
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Colombia 3 2 0 1 5 2 +3 6 Advance to knockout stage
2  Japan 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4[a]
3  Senegal 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4[a]
4  Poland 3 1 0 2 2 5 −3 3
Source: FIFA
Notes:
  1. ^ a b Fair play points: Japan −4, Senegal −6.
Colombia  1–2  Japan
Report
Attendance: 40,842[149]
Poland  1–2  Senegal
Report
Attendance: 44,190[150]

Japan  2–2  Senegal
Report
Attendance: 32,572[151]
Poland  0–3  Colombia
Report
Attendance: 42,873[152]

Japan  0–1  Poland
Report
Attendance: 42,189[153]
Senegal  0–1  Colombia
Report
Attendance: 41,970[154]

Knockout stage

Russia v Croatia

In the knockout stages, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, extra time is played (two periods of 15 minutes each) and followed, if necessary, by a penalty shoot-out to determine the winners.[35]

If a match went into extra time, each team was allowed to make a fourth substitution, the first time this had been allowed in a FIFA World Cup tournament.[43]

Bracket

 
Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
 
                           
 
30 June – Sochi
 
 
 Uruguay 2
 
6 July – Nizhny Novgorod
 
 Portugal 1
 
 Uruguay 0
 
30 June – Kazan
 
 France 2
 
 France 4
 
10 July – Saint Petersburg
 
 Argentina 3
 
 France 1
 
2 July – Samara
 
 Belgium 0
 
 Brazil 2
 
6 July – Kazan
 
 Mexico 0
 
 Brazil 1
 
2 July – Rostov-on-Don
 
 Belgium 2
 
 Belgium 3
 
15 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)
 
 Japan 2
 
 France 4
 
1 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)
 
 Croatia 2
 
 Spain 1 (3)
 
7 July – Sochi
 
 Russia (p) 1 (4)
 
 Russia 2 (3)
 
1 July – Nizhny Novgorod
 
 Croatia (p) 2 (4)
 
 Croatia (p) 1 (3)
 
11 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)
 
 Denmark 1 (2)
 
 Croatia (a.e.t.) 2
 
3 July – Saint Petersburg
 
 England 1 Third place play-off
 
 Sweden 1
 
7 July – Samara 14 July – Saint Petersburg
 
  Switzerland 0
 
 Sweden 0  Belgium 2
 
3 July – Moscow (Otkritie)
 
 England 2  England 0
 
 Colombia 1 (3)
 
 
 England (p) 1 (4)
 

Round of 16

France  4–3  Argentina
Report
Attendance: 42,873[155]

Uruguay  2–1  Portugal
Report

Spain  1–1 (a.e.t.)  Russia
Report
Penalties
3–4
Attendance: 78,011[157]


Brazil  2–0  Mexico
Report
Attendance: 41,970[159]

Belgium  3–2  Japan
Report
Attendance: 41,466[160]

Sweden  1–0   Switzerland
Report

Colombia  1–1 (a.e.t.)  England
Report
Penalties
3–4
Attendance: 44,190[162]

Quarter-finals

Uruguay  0–2  France
Report

Brazil  1–2  Belgium
Report
Attendance: 42,873[164]

Sweden  0–2  England
Report
Attendance: 39,991[165]

Russia  2–2 (a.e.t.)  Croatia
Report
Penalties
3–4
Attendance: 44,287[166]
Referee: Sandro Ricci (Brazil)

Semi-finals

France  1–0  Belgium
Report

Croatia  2–1 (a.e.t.)  England
Report
Attendance: 78,011[168]

Third place play-off

Belgium  2–0  England
Report

Final

France  4–2  Croatia
Report
Attendance: 78,011[170]

Statistics

Goalscorers

There were 169 goals scored in 64 matches, for an average of 2.64 goals per match.

Twelve own goals were scored during the tournament, doubling the record of six set in 1998.[171]

6 goals

4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

1 own goal

Source: FIFA[172]

Discipline

In total, only four players were sent off in the entire tournament, the fewest since 1978.[173] International Football Association Board technical director David Elleray stated a belief that this was due to the introduction of VAR, since players would know that they would not be able to get away with anything under the new system.[174]

A player is automatically suspended for the next match for the following offences:[35]

  • Receiving a red card (red card suspensions may be extended for serious offences)
  • Receiving two yellow cards in two matches; yellow cards expire after the completion of the quarter-finals (yellow card suspensions are not carried forward to any other future international matches)

The following suspensions were served during the tournament:

Player Offence(s) Suspension(s)
Colombia Carlos Sánchez Red card in Group H vs Japan (matchday 1; 19 June) Group H vs Poland (matchday 2; 24 June)
Denmark Yussuf Poulsen Yellow card in Group C vs Peru (matchday 1; 16 June)
Yellow card in Group C vs Australia (matchday 2; 21 June)
Group C vs France (matchday 3; 26 June)
Germany Jérôme Boateng Yellow card Yellow-red card in Group F vs Sweden (matchday 2; 23 June) Group F vs South Korea (matchday 3; 27 June)
Panama Armando Cooper Yellow card in Group G vs Belgium (matchday 1; 18 June)
Yellow card in Group G vs England (matchday 2; 24 June)
Group G vs Tunisia (matchday 3; 28 June)
Panama Michael Amir Murillo Yellow card in Group G vs Belgium (matchday 1; 18 June)
Yellow card in Group G vs England (matchday 2; 24 June)
Group G vs Tunisia (matchday 3; 28 June)
Russia Igor Smolnikov Yellow card Yellow-red card in Group A vs Uruguay (matchday 3; 25 June) Round of 16 vs Spain (1 July)
Sweden Sebastian Larsson Yellow card in Group F vs Germany (matchday 2; 23 June)
Yellow card in Group F vs Mexico (matchday 3; 27 June)
Round of 16 vs Switzerland (3 July)
Mexico Héctor Moreno Yellow card in Group F vs Germany (matchday 1; 17 June)
Yellow card in Group F vs Sweden (matchday 3; 27 June)
Round of 16 vs Brazil (2 July)
Switzerland Stephan Lichtsteiner Yellow card in Group E vs Brazil (matchday 1; 17 June)
Yellow card in Group E vs Costa Rica (matchday 3; 27 June)
Round of 16 vs Sweden (3 July)
Switzerland Fabian Schär Yellow card in Group E vs Brazil (matchday 1; 17 June)
Yellow card in Group E vs Costa Rica (matchday 3; 27 June)
Round of 16 vs Sweden (3 July)
France Blaise Matuidi Yellow card in Group C vs Peru (matchday 2; 21 June)
Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Argentina (30 June)
Quarter-finals vs Uruguay (6 July)
Brazil Casemiro Yellow card in Group E vs Switzerland (matchday 1; 17 June)
Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Mexico (2 July)
Quarter-finals vs Belgium (6 July)
Sweden Mikael Lustig Yellow card in Group F vs Mexico (matchday 3; 27 June)
Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Switzerland (3 July)
Quarter-finals vs England (7 July)
Switzerland Michael Lang Red card in Round of 16 vs Sweden (3 July) Suspension served outside tournament
Belgium Thomas Meunier Yellow card in Group G vs Panama (matchday 1; 18 June)
Yellow card in Quarter-finals vs Brazil (6 July)
Semi-finals vs France (10 July)

Awards

Kylian Mbappé receiving the World Cup best young player award from Emmanuel Macron
France lifting the World Cup trophy

The following awards were given at the conclusion of the tournament. The Golden Boot (top scorer), Golden Ball (best overall player) and Golden Glove (best goalkeeper) awards were all sponsored by Adidas.[175]

Golden Ball Silver Ball Bronze Ball
Croatia Luka Modrić Belgium Eden Hazard France Antoine Griezmann
Golden Boot Silver Boot Bronze Boot
England Harry Kane
(6 goals, 0 assists)
France Antoine Griezmann
(4 goals, 2 assists)
Belgium Romelu Lukaku
(4 goals, 1 assist)
Golden Glove
Belgium Thibaut Courtois
Best Young Player
France Kylian Mbappé
FIFA Fair Play Award
 Spain

Additionally, FIFA.com shortlisted 18 goals for users to vote on as the tournaments' best.[176] The poll closed on 23 July. The award was sponsored by Hyundai.[177]

Goal of the Tournament
Goalscorer Opponent Score Round
France Benjamin Pavard  Argentina 2–2 Round of 16

Dream Team

As was the case during the 2010 and 2014 editions, FIFA did not release an official All-Star Team, but instead invited users of FIFA.com to elect their Fan Dream Team.[178][179]

Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Belgium Thibaut Courtois Brazil Marcelo
Brazil Thiago Silva
France Raphaël Varane
Uruguay Diego Godín
Belgium Kevin De Bruyne
Brazil Philippe Coutinho
Croatia Luka Modrić
England Harry Kane
France Kylian Mbappé
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo

FIFA also published an alternate team of the tournament based on player performances evaluated through statistical data.[180]

Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Belgium Thibaut Courtois Sweden Andreas Granqvist
Brazil Thiago Silva
France Raphaël Varane
Colombia Yerry Mina
Russia Denis Cheryshev
Brazil Philippe Coutinho
Croatia Luka Modrić
England Harry Kane
France Antoine Griezmann
Belgium Eden Hazard

Prize money

Prize money amounts were announced in October 2017.[181]

Position Amount (million USD)
Per team Total
Champions 38 38
Runner-up 28 28
Third place 24 24
Fourth place 22 22
5th–8th place (quarter-finals) 16 64
9th–16th place (round of 16) 12 96
17th–32nd place (group stage) 8 128
Total 400

Marketing

The typeface "Dusha" used for branding

Branding

The tournament logo was unveiled on 28 October 2014 by cosmonauts at the International Space Station and then projected onto Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre during an evening television programme. Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko said that the logo was inspired by "Russia's rich artistic tradition and its history of bold achievement and innovation", and FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that it reflected the "heart and soul" of the country.[182] For the branding, Portuguese design agency Brandia Central created materials in 2014, with a typeface called Dusha (from душа, Russian for soul) designed by Brandia Central and edited by Adotbelow of DSType Foundry in Portugal.[183]

Mascot

Tournament mascot, wolf Zabivaka

The official mascot for the tournament was unveiled 21 October 2016, and selected through a design competition among university students. A public vote was used to select from three finalists—a cat, a tiger, and a wolf. The winner, with 53% of approximately 1 million votes, was Zabivaka—an anthropomorphic wolf dressed in the colours of the Russian national team. Zabivaka's name is a portmanteau of the Russian words забияка ("hothead") and забивать ("to score"), and his official backstory states that he is an aspiring football player who is "charming, confident and social".[184]

Ticketing

The first phase of ticket sales started on 14 September 2017, 12:00 Moscow Time, and lasted until 12 October 2017.[185]

The general visa policy of Russia did not apply to participants and spectators, who were able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition regardless of their citizenship.[186] Spectators were nonetheless required to register for a "Fan-ID", a special photo identification pass. A Fan-ID was required to enter the country visa-free, while a ticket, Fan-ID and a valid passport were required to enter stadiums for matches. Fan-IDs also granted World Cup attendees free access to public transport services, including buses, and train service between host cities. Fan-ID was administered by the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media, who could revoke these accreditations at any time to "ensure the defence capability or security of the state or public order".[94][95][96]

Match ball

Match ball "Telstar 18"
Match ball for the knockout stage, "Telstar Mechta".

The official match ball of the 2018 World Cup group stage was "Telstar 18", based on the name and design of the first Adidas World Cup ball from 1970. It was introduced on 9 November 2017.[187]

After the group stage, "Telstar Mechta" was used for the knockout stage. The word mechta (Russian: мечта) means dream or ambition. The difference between Telstar 18 and Mechta is the red details on the design.[188]

Merchandise

On 30 April 2018, EA announced a free expansion for FIFA 18 based on the 2018 FIFA World Cup, featuring all 32 participating teams and all 12 stadiums used at the 2018 World Cup.[189]

Panini continued their partnership with FIFA by producing stickers for their World Cup sticker album.[190] Panini also developed an app for the 2018 World Cup where fans could collect and swap virtual stickers, with five million fans gathering digital stickers for the tournament.[191][192]

Official song

The official song of the tournament was "Live It Up", with vocals from Will Smith, Nicky Jam and Era Istrefi, released on 25 May 2018. Its music video was released on 8 June 2018.[193]

Controversies

Thirty-three footballers who are alleged to be part of the steroid program are listed in the McLaren Report.[194] On 22 December 2017, it was reported that FIFA fired a doctor who had been investigating doping in Russian football.[195] On 22 May 2018 FIFA confirmed that the investigations concerning all Russian players named for the provisional squad of the FIFA World Cup in Russia had been completed, with the result that insufficient evidence was found to assert an anti-doping rule violation.[196] FIFA's medical committee also decided that Russian personnel would not be involved in performing drug testing procedures at the tournament; the action was taken to reassure teams that the samples would remain untampered.[197]

Host selection

The choice of Russia as host has been challenged. Controversial issues have included the level of racism in Russian football,[198][199][200] and discrimination against LGBT people in wider Russian society.[201][202] Russia's involvement in the ongoing conflict in Ukraine has also caused calls for the tournament to be moved, particularly following the annexation of Crimea.[203][204] In 2014, FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that "the World Cup has been given and voted to Russia and we are going forward with our work".[205]

Allegations of corruption in the bidding processes for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups caused threats from England's FA to boycott the tournament.[206] FIFA appointed Michael J. Garcia, a US attorney, to investigate and produce a report on the corruption allegations. Although the report was never published, FIFA released a 42-page summary of its findings as determined by German judge Hans-Joachim Eckert. Eckert's summary cleared Russia and Qatar of any wrongdoing, but was denounced by critics as a whitewash.[207] Garcia criticised the summary as being "materially incomplete" with "erroneous representations of the facts and conclusions", and appealed to FIFA's Appeal Committee.[208][209] The committee declined to hear his appeal, so Garcia resigned in protest of FIFA's conduct, citing a "lack of leadership" and lack of confidence in the independence of Eckert.[210]

On 3 June 2015, the FBI confirmed that the federal authorities were investigating the bidding and awarding processes for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups.[211][212] In an interview published on 7 June 2015, Domenico Scala, the head of FIFA's Audit And Compliance Committee, stated that "should there be evidence that the awards to Qatar and Russia came only because of bought votes, then the awards could be cancelled".[213][214] Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and former British Prime Minister David Cameron attended a meeting with FIFA vice-president Chung Mong-joon in which a vote-trading deal for the right to host the 2018 World Cup in England was discussed.[215][216]

Response to Skripal poisoning

In response to the March 2018 poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal, British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that no British ministers or members of the royal family would attend the World Cup, and issued a warning to any travelling England fans.[217] Iceland diplomatically boycotted the World Cup.[218] Russia responded to the comments from the UK Parliament claiming that "the west are trying to deny Russia the World Cup".[219] The Russian Foreign Ministry denounced Boris Johnson's statements that compared the event to the 1936 Olympics held in Nazi Germany as "poisoned with venom of hate, unprofessionalism and boorishness" and "unacceptable and unworthy" parallel towards Russia, a "nation that lost millions of lives in fighting Nazism".[220]

The British Foreign Office and MPs had repeatedly warned English football fans and "people of Asian or Afro-Caribbean descent" travelling to Russia of "racist or homophobic intimidation, hooligan violence and anti-British hostility".[221][222] English football fans who have travelled have said they have received a warm welcome from ordinary citizens after arriving in Russia.[223][224]

Critical reception

Russia received widespread praise as World Cup hosts. Facilities—such as the refurbished Luzhniki Stadium (pictured)—were one aspect of Russia's success.

At the close of the World Cup Russia was widely praised for its success in hosting the tournament, with Steve Rosenberg of the BBC deeming it "a resounding public relations success" for Putin, adding, "The stunning new stadiums, free train travel to venues and the absence of crowd violence has impressed visiting supporters. Russia has come across as friendly and hospitable: a stark contrast with the country's authoritarian image. All the foreign fans I have spoken to are pleasantly surprised."[225]

FIFA President Gianni Infantino stated, "Everyone discovered a beautiful country, a welcoming country, that is keen to show the world that everything that has been said before might not be true. A lot of preconceived ideas have been changed because people have seen the true nature of Russia."[226] Infantino has proclaimed Russia 2018 to be "the best World Cup ever", as 98% of the stadiums were sold out, there were three billion viewers on TV all around the world and 7 million fans visited the fan fests.[227]

Broadcasting rights

FIFA, through several companies, sold the broadcasting rights for the 2018 FIFA World Cup to various local broadcasters. After having trailed the technology in limited matches at the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup,[228] and the 2014 FIFA World Cup (via private tests and public viewings in the host city of Rio de Janeiro),[229] the 2018 World Cup was the first World Cup in which all matches were produced in 4K ultra high definition. Host Broadcasting Services stated that at least 75% of the broadcast cut on each match would come from 4K cameras (covering the majority of main angles), with instant replays and some camera angles being upconverted from 1080p high definition sources with limited degradation in quality. These broadcasts were made available from selected rightsholders and television providers.[230][231][232]

In February 2018, Ukrainian rightsholder UA:PBC stated that it would not broadcast the World Cup. This came in the wake of growing boycotts of the tournament among the Football Federation of Ukraine and sports minister Ihor Zhdanov.[233][234] Additionally, the Football Federation of Ukraine refused to accredit journalists for the World Cup and waived their quota of tickets.[235] However, the Ukrainian state TV still broadcast the World Cup, and more than 4 million Ukrainians watched the opening match.[236]

Broadcast rights to the tournament in the Middle East were hampered by an ongoing diplomatic crisis in Qatar, which saw Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates cut diplomatic ties with Qatar—the home country of FIFA's Middle East and Africa rightsholder beIN Sports—in June 2017, over its alleged state support of terrorist groups. On 2 June 2018, beIN pulled its channels from Du and Etisalat, but with service to the latter restored later that day. Etisalat subsequently announced that it would air the World Cup in the UAE, and continue to offer beIN normally and without interruptions.[237][238][239] In Saudi Arabia, beIN was banned from doing business; as a result, its channels and other content have been widely and illegally repackaged by a broadcaster identifying itself as "beoutQ". While FIFA attempted to indirectly negotiate the sale of a package consisting of Saudi matches, as well as the opening and final games, they were unable to do so. On 12 July 2018, FIFA stated that it had "engaged counsel to take legal action in Saudi Arabia and is working alongside other sports rights owners that have also been affected to protect its interests."[240][241]

In the United States, the 2018 World Cup was the first men's World Cup whose English rights were held by Fox Sports, and Spanish rights held by Telemundo. The elimination of the United States in qualifying led to concerns that US interest and viewership of this World Cup would be reduced (especially among "casual" viewers interested in the U.S. team; its matches at the 2014 World Cup peaked at 16.5 million U.S. viewers), especially noting how much Fox paid for the rights. During a launch event prior to the elimination, Fox stated that it had planned to place a secondary focus on the Mexican team in its coverage to take advantage of their popularity among US viewers (factoring Hispanic and Latino Americans). Fox stated that it was still committed to broadcasting a significant amount of coverage for the tournament.[242][243][244] Viewership was down overall over 2014, additionally citing match scheduling that was not as favourable to viewers in the Americas than 2014 (with many matches airing in the morning hours, although Telemundo's broadcast of the Mexico-Sweden Group F match was announced as being its most-watched weekday daytime program in network history).[245][246]

Sponsorship

FIFA partners FIFA World Cup sponsors African supporters Asian supporters European supporters
  • Egypt – Experience & Invest[259]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ France will qualify for this tournament as World Cup winners if it takes place. However FIFA has discussed abolishing the competition.[266]

References

  1. ^ a b "Ethics: Executive Committee unanimously supports recommendation to publish report on 2018/2022 FIFA World Cup bidding process" (Press release). FIFA. 19 December 2014. Archived from the original on 29 March 2015.
  2. ^ Morrin, Siobhan (13 June 2018). "Your Ultimate Guide to Watching the 2018 World Cup". Time. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Непредвиденные расходы: как менялась смета ЧМ-2018". rbc.ru (in Russian). 8 June 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  4. ^ "What is VAR, what are the rules, and how is it being used by FIFA for World Cup 2018 in Russia?". The Telegraph. 11 July 2018. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  5. ^ Campbell, Paul (22 May 2018). "Will VAR improve the World Cup?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Russia united for 2018 FIFA World Cup Host Cities announcement". FIFA. 29 September 2012. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
  7. ^ Goff, Steve (16 January 2009). "Future World Cups". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 16 January 2009.
  8. ^ "Mexico withdraws FIFA World Cup bid". FIFA. 29 September 2009. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2011.
  9. ^ "Indonesia's bid to host the 2022 World Cup bid ends". BBC. 19 March 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  10. ^ "Combined bidding confirmed". FIFA. 20 December 2008. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
  11. ^ "England miss out to Russia in 2018 World Cup Vote". BBC News. 2 December 2010. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  12. ^ Doyle, Paul; Busfield, Steve (2 December 2010). "World Cup 2018 and 2022 decision day – live!". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 26 December 2016.
  13. ^ Gordon, Aaron (27 June 2017). "What We Know About Corruption in the 2018 And 2022 World Cup Bids". vice.com. Archived from the original on 15 January 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Michael Garcia: FIFA investigator resigns in World Cup report row". BBC. 17 December 2014. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  15. ^ "Former FA chairman David Bernstein calls for 2018 World Cup boycott". The Guardian. 17 November 2014. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  16. ^ "Qatar World Cup organizers ready to fight for 2022". Reuters. 3 June 2015. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Road to Russia with new milestone". FIFA. 15 January 2015. Archived from the original on 21 March 2015.
  18. ^ "Zimbabwe expelled from the preliminary competition of the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia". FIFA. 12 March 2015. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017.
  19. ^ "Indonesia excluded from 2018 World Cup qualifiers". Reuters. 3 June 2015. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016.
  20. ^ "Kosovo & Gibraltar become eligible for 2018 World Cup Qualifying". Russia: RT. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  21. ^ a b "2022 FIFA World Cup to be played in November/December". FIFA. 20 March 2015. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017.
  22. ^ "Current allocation of FIFA World Cup confederation slots maintained". FIFA. 30 May 2015. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017.
  23. ^ "Long road to Russia begins in Dili". FIFA. 11 March 2015. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017.
  24. ^ "FIFA World Cup Preliminary Draw: 1 week to go". FIFA. 18 July 2015. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017.
  25. ^ "Organising Committee for the FIFA World Cup extends its responsibilities to cover 2018 and 2022". FIFA. 19 March 2013. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014.
  26. ^ "Konstantinovsky Palace to stage Preliminary Draw of the 2018 FIFA World Cup". FIFA. 10 October 2014. Archived from the original on 31 December 2014.
  27. ^ T.A.W. (12 November 2017). "How Iceland (population: 330,000) qualified for the World Cup". The Economist. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  28. ^ "In first, 4 Arab countries qualify for FIFA World Cup Finals". The Times of Israel. 12 November 2017. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  29. ^ Reineking, Jim (12 June 2018). "FIFA World Cup 2018: Notable teams that failed to qualify". USA Today. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  30. ^ "FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 7 June 2018. Archived from the original on 8 June 2018.
  31. ^ "Final Draw to take place in State Kremlin Palace". FIFA. 24 January 2017. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017.
  32. ^ "Final Draw to take place at 18:00". The Daily Telegraph. 24 November 2017. Archived from the original on 25 November 2017.
  33. ^ "OC for FIFA Competitions approves procedures for the Final Draw of the 2018 FIFA World Cup". FIFA. 14 September 2017. Archived from the original on 10 November 2017.
  34. ^ "Organising Committee for FIFA Competitions: Updates on the FIFA World Cup and women's tournaments". FIFA. 8 February 2018. Archived from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  35. ^ a b c d "Regulations – 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia" (PDF). FIFA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 July 2017.
  36. ^ "Rest periods for the players on the provisional list for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia" (PDF). FIFA. 30 March 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 April 2017.
  37. ^ "2018 FIFA World Cup – Statistical Kit – Referees" (PDF). FIFA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  38. ^ "World Cup 2018 List of video match officials" (PDF). FIFA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 April 2018.
  39. ^ "World Cup 2018: Referee Fahad Al Mirdasi 'banned over match-fixing attempt in Saudi Arabia'". BBC. 16 May 2018. Archived from the original on 25 May 2018.
  40. ^ "FIFA statement on the situation of the Saudi Arabian referee Fahad AL MIRDASI". FIFA. 30 May 2018. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018.
  41. ^ "Updated: List of FIFA match officials for the 2018 FIFA World Cup" (PDF). FIFA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 June 2018.
  42. ^ "Betraying the Game: African officials filmed taking cash". BBC. 7 June 2018. Archived from the original on 10 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  43. ^ a b "FIFA Council decides on key steps for the future of international competitions". FIFA. 16 March 2018. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018.
  44. ^ "VAR: Video assistant referees set to be used at 2018 World Cup in Russia". BBC Sport. 3 March 2018. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  45. ^ a b MacInnes, Paul (12 June 2018). "How will VAR work at the World Cup and how much is riding on it?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  46. ^ Belam, Martin (22 June 2018). "VAR at the World Cup: the big decisions, game by game". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  47. ^ Austin, Jack (15 June 2018). "Why Diego Costa's goal against Portugal made World Cup history". The Independent. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  48. ^ "World Cup 2018: History made with first penalty awarded by VAR during France vs Australia". The Independent. 16 June 2018. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  49. ^ "Ronaldo penalty sets new World Cup record". ESPN. 26 June 2018. Archived from the original on 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  50. ^ McLean, Max (16 June 2018). "12 very different opinions on VAR at the World Cup to help you make your mind up". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  51. ^ "FIFA 'satisfied' with World Cup refereeing, VAR". ESPN. 20 June 2018. Archived from the original on 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  52. ^ "2018 FIFA World Cup Bid Evaluation Report: Russia" (PDF). FIFA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2002.
  53. ^ National Geographic Atlas. National Geographic Society. 2011. p. 59.
  54. ^ "The border between Europe and Asia". welcome2018.com. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  55. ^ Marikar, Hafiz. "Russia to host next FIFA World Cup". Dailynews.lk. The Associated Newspapers of Ceylon Ltd. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  56. ^ "Почему у России осталось только 14 стадионов к ЧМ-2018 – Известия (Why are there only 14 stadiums for the Russia 2018 World Cup)". Izvestia (in Russian). 7 October 2011. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  57. ^ "2018 FIFA World Cup to be played in 11 Host Cities". FIFA. 29 September 2012. Archived from the original on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  58. ^ Saakov, Rafael (22 July 2014). "Russia 2018: Major challenges for next World Cup hosts". BBC. Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  59. ^ Rogovitskiy, Dmitriy (21 October 2014). "Russia on track for World Cup 2018, say FIFA inspectors". Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  60. ^ "Stadium names for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia confirmed". FIFA. 8 October 2015. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017.
  61. ^ "World Cup 2018 stadiums: A guide to the venues of this summer's tournament". The Telegraph. 30 May 2018. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  62. ^ "Стадион на 45000 зрительских мест к Чемпионату мира по футболу в Нижнем Новгороде" [Stadium for 45,000 spectators for the World Cup in Nizhny Novgorod]. stroytransgaz.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  63. ^ "Стадион на Крестовском ввели в эксплуатацию". fontanka.ru (in Russian). 29 December 2016. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  64. ^ "Стадион ЧМ-2018 по футболу в Волгограде введен в эксплуатацию" [The 2018 World Cup in Volgograd was put into operation] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 3 April 2018. Archived from the original on 3 April 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  65. ^ "Luzhniki Stadium". FIFA. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  66. ^ "Spartak Stadium". FIFA. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  67. ^ "Saint Petersburg Stadium". FIFA. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  68. ^ "Fisht Stadium". FIFA. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  69. ^ "Volgograd Arena". FIFA. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  70. ^ "Rostov Arena". FIFA. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  71. ^ "Nizhny Novgorod Stadium". FIFA. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  72. ^ "Kazan Arena". FIFA. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  73. ^ "Samara Arena". FIFA. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  74. ^ "Mordovia Arena". FIFA. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  75. ^ "Kaliningrad Stadium". FIFA. Archived from the original on 8 October 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  76. ^ "Ekaterinburg Arena". FIFA. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  77. ^ "Team Base Camps for 2018 FIFA World Cup confirmed". FIFA.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). 9 February 2018. Archived from the original on 10 February 2018.
  78. ^ "Croatia defender Pivaric says he has 'excellent' 1st impression of training base". fourfourtwo.com.au. 12 June 2018. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  79. ^ McNulty, Phil (12 June 2018). "World Cup 2018: Life inside the England bubble – what they can expect in Repino". BBC. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  80. ^ Grohmann, Karolos (14 June 2018). "Soccer: No tropical paradise? No problem for Germany, says midfielder Kroos". Reuters. Archived from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  81. ^ a b "Russia's 2018 World Cup costs grow by $600 million". USA Today. 24 October 2017. Archived from the original on 1 May 2018.
  82. ^ "Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev says 2018 FIFA World Cup to cost 20 billion dollars". NDTV. 13 June 2013. Archived from the original on 2 March 2018.
  83. ^ "2018 World Cup: Russia to spend $5 billion on transport, despite cuts". Russia Beyond. 7 January 2016. Archived from the original on 2 March 2018.
  84. ^ "Бюджет чемпионата мира 2018 года – около €1 млрд" [The budget for the 2018 World Cup is about €1 billion]. Чемпионат (in Russian). 18 September 2015. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  85. ^ "На подготовку транспортной инфраструктуры ЧМ-2018 в России потрачено 228 млрд" [228 billion spent on preparation of the transport infrastructure of the World Cup 2018]. sport24.ru (in Russian). 3 May 2018. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  86. ^ a b "Алмазная радиосвязь". Газета.Ru (in Russian). 30 March 2018. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  87. ^ "В Мордовии к ЧМ-2018 прошли классификацию два хостела и мотель". info-rm.com. 16 January 2018. Archived from the original on 14 March 2018.
  88. ^ "Трамвайная линия до стадиона для ЧМ в Самаре готова на 89%". samru.ru. 22 February 2018. Archived from the original on 2 March 2018.
  89. ^ "Kaliningrad airport's new terminal put in operation". Russian Aviation Insider. 26 July 2017. Archived from the original on 22 May 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  90. ^ "В Екатеринбурге увеличились расходы на подготовку к проведению ЧМ-2018". regnum.ru (in Russian). 14 June 2018. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  91. ^ "Новый рекорд волонтерской программы ЧМ-2018" [New record of the Volunteer program of the World Cup 2018]. welcome2018.com (in Russian). 17 January 2017. Archived from the original on 22 August 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  92. ^ "Набор волонтеров на ЧМ-2018 установил новый рекорд Чемпионатов мира" [A set of volunteers at the World Cup 2018 set a new World Cup record] (in Russian). FIFA. 17 January 2017. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  93. ^ "Чемпионат мира по футболу FIFA 2018 в России – Волонтерская программа: F.A.Q." [FIFA 2018 World Cup in Russia – Volunteer program: F.A.Q.] (in Russian). FIFA. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  94. ^ a b Ames, Nick (27 March 2018). "World Cup 2018: what is a Fan ID and do I need one to watch games in Russia?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  95. ^ a b Wildie, Tom (8 June 2018). "Aussie soccer fan's World Cup dream crushed by new Russian visa rejection". ABC News. Archived from the original on 9 June 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  96. ^ a b "What World Cup fans going to Russia should know". BBC. 6 June 2018. Archived from the original on 10 June 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  97. ^ "Match schedules for FIFA Confederations Cup 2017 and 2018 FIFA World Cup unveiled". FIFA. 24 July 2015. Archived from the original on 5 October 2017.
  98. ^ "FIFA World Cup Russia 2018 – Match Schedule" (PDF). FIFA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 September 2017.
  99. ^ a b "FIFA World Cup Russia 2018 – Match Schedule" (PDF). FIFA. 20 December 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  100. ^ "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking – October 2017". FIFA. Archived from the original on 16 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  101. ^ "World Cup 2018 fixtures: full schedule, results and match dates". The Telegraph. 14 June 2018. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  102. ^ "World Cup 2018 Opening Ceremony: What time will it start and when will Robbie Williams feature?". The Telegraph. 13 June 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  103. ^ "Robbie Williams show at World Cup opening ceremony is too short to ever be dull". The Guardian. 14 June 2018. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  104. ^ a b c d e "World Cup 2018: Ronaldo and Robbie Williams star in opening ceremony". BBC. 14 June 2018. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  105. ^ White, Adam (27 June 2018). "What does Didier Deschamps want from his France team? If only he knew". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  106. ^ "Tie-breakers for Russia 2018 groups". FIFA. 20 June 2018. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  107. ^ "Match report – Group A – Russia v Saudi Arabia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 14 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  108. ^ "Match report – Group A – Egypt v Uruguay" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  109. ^ "Match report – Group A – Russia v Egypt" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  110. ^ "Match report – Group A – Uruguay v Saudi Arabia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  111. ^ "Match report – Group A – Uruguay v Russia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  112. ^ "Match report – Group A – Saudi Arabia v Egypt" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  113. ^ "Match report – Group B – Morocco v IR Iran" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  114. ^ "Match report – Group B – Portugal v Spain" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  115. ^ "Match report – Group B – Portugal v Morocco" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  116. ^ "Match report – Group B – IR Iran v Spain" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  117. ^ "Match report – Group B – IR Iran v Portugal" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  118. ^ "Match report – Group B – Spain v Morocco" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  119. ^ "Match report – Group C – France v Australia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  120. ^ "Match report – Group C – Peru v Denmark" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  121. ^ "Match report – Group C – Denmark v Australia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  122. ^ "Match report – Group C – France v Peru" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  123. ^ "Match report – Group C – Denmark v France" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  124. ^ "Match report – Group C – Australia v Peru" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  125. ^ "Match report – Group D – Argentina v Iceland" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  126. ^ "Match report – Group D – Croatia v Nigeria" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  127. ^ "Match report – Group D – Argentina v Croatia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  128. ^ "Match report – Group D – Nigeria v Iceland" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  129. ^ "Match report – Group D – Nigeria v Argentina" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  130. ^ "Match report – Group D – Iceland v Croatia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  131. ^ "Match report – Group E – Costa Rica v Serbia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 17 June 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  132. ^ "Match report – Group E – Brazil v Switzerland" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 17 June 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  133. ^ "Match report – Group E – Brazil v Costa Rica" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  134. ^ "Match report – Group E – Serbia v Switzerland" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  135. ^ "Match report – Group E – Serbia v Brazil" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  136. ^ "Match report – Group E – Switzerland v Costa Rica" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  137. ^ "Match report – Group F – Germany v Mexico" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 17 June 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  138. ^ "Match report – Group F – Sweden v Korea Republic" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 18 June 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  139. ^ "Match report – Group F – Korea Republic v Mexico" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  140. ^ "Match report – Group F – Germany v Sweden" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  141. ^ "Match report – Group F – Korea Republic v Germany" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  142. ^ "Match report – Group F – Mexico v Sweden" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  143. ^ "Match report – Group G – Belgium v Panama" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 18 June 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  144. ^ "Match report – Group G – Tunisia v England" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 18 June 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  145. ^ "Match report – Group G – Belgium v Tunisia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 23 June 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  146. ^ "Match report – Group G – England v Panama" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 24 June 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  147. ^ "Match report – Group G – England v Belgium" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  148. ^ "Match report – Group G – Panama v Tunisia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  149. ^ "Match report – Group H – Colombia v Japan" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  150. ^ "Match report – Group H – Poland v Senegal" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  151. ^ "Match report – Group H – Japan v Senegal" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 24 June 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  152. ^ "Match report – Group H – Poland v Colombia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 24 June 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  153. ^ "Match report – Group H – Japan v Poland" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  154. ^ "Match report – Group H – Senegal v Colombia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  155. ^ "Match report – Round of 16 – France v Argentina" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 30 June 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  156. ^ "Match report – Round of 16 – Uruguay v Portugal" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 30 June 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 June 2018. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  157. ^ "Match report – Round of 16 – Spain v Russia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 1 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  158. ^ "Match report – Round of 16 – Croatia v Denmark" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 1 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  159. ^ "Match report – Round of 16 – Brazil v Mexico" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 2 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  160. ^ "Match report – Round of 16 – Belgium v Japan" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 2 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  161. ^ "Match report – Round of 16 – Sweden v Switzerland" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 3 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  162. ^ "Match report – Round of 16 – Colombia v England" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 3 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  163. ^ "Match report – Quarter-final – Uruguay v France" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 6 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  164. ^ "Match report – Quarter-final – Brazil v Belgium" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 6 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  165. ^ "Match report – Quarter-final – Sweden v England" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 7 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  166. ^ "Match report – Quarter-final – Russia v Croatia" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 7 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  167. ^ "Match report – Semi-final – France v Belgium" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 10 July 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  168. ^ "Match report – Semi-final – Croatia v England" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  169. ^ "Match report – Play-off for third place – Belgium v England" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 14 July 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  170. ^ "Match report – Final – France v Croatia" (PDF). FIFA. 15 July 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  171. ^ Kelly, Ryan (15 July 2018). "Mandzukic makes World Cup history with own goal against France in Russia 2018 final". Goal.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  172. ^ "Players: Goals scored". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  173. ^ "World Cup by the numbers - 169 goals, 29 penalties, 10 late winners, 4 red cards". ESPN. 16 July 2018. Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  174. ^ "VAR effect results in cleanest World Cup since 1986 after no red cards are issued in opening 11 games". The Telegraph. 17 June 2018. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  175. ^ "Golden consolation for magical Modric". FIFA. 15 July 2018. Archived from the original on 16 July 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  176. ^ "Vote for Goal of the Tournament". FIFA. 15 July 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  177. ^ "Pavard's stunner voted Hyundai Goal of the Tournament". FIFA. 25 July 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  178. ^ "FIFA World Cup Fan Dream Team". FIFA. 18 July 2018. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  179. ^ "Fan Dream Team and prize winners revealed!". FIFA. 23 July 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  180. ^ "Kane crowned King, Mina the PPG VIP". FIFA. 17 July 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  181. ^ "FIFA World Cup Prize Money" (PDF). FIFA. 27 October 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  182. ^ "'Russia's heart & soul': World Cup 2018 logo unveiled in Moscow (PHOTOS, VIDEO)". RT. 28 October 2014. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  183. ^ "Font scandal at FIFA World Cup". Archived from the original on 23 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  184. ^ "Russia 2018: World Cup mascot Zabivaka the wolf unveiled in Moscow". The Guardian. 21 October 2016. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  185. ^ "Ticket sales for 2018 FIFA World Cup to start on 14 September 2017". FIFA. 12 September 2017. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017.
  186. ^ "Russia to ease visa regime for World Cup fans in 2018". Voice of Russia. 11 July 2014. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  187. ^ "2018 FIFA World Cup official match ball unveiled: an exciting re-imagining". FIFA. 9 November 2017. Archived from the original on 9 November 2017.
  188. ^ "adidas Football Reveals Official Match Ball for the Knockout Stage of the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia". FIFA. 26 June 2018. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  189. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley. "FIFA 18 gets free World Cup mode in May". Archived from the original on 1 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  190. ^ "Brand collaborations". FIFA. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  191. ^ "Panini World Cup sticker album: Inside story behind the craze". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  192. ^ "12 Years Running: Panini's FIFA World Cup™ Digital Sticker Album is More Popular Than Ever". Coca Cola Company. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  193. ^ "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia Official Song 'Live It Up' to be performed by all-star line-up". FIFA. 23 May 2018. Archived from the original on 29 May 2018.
  194. ^ "Fifa contacts McLaren over doping claims in football". BBC. 21 November 2017. Archived from the original on 16 December 2017.
  195. ^ Conn, David (20 December 2017). "Doctor sacked by Fifa was investigating alleged Russian football doping". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  196. ^ "Update on the investigations following the McLaren reports". FIFA. 22 May 2018. Archived from the original on 22 May 2018.
  197. ^ "Russians to take no part in World Cup drug testing: FIFA". Reuters. 24 May 2018. Archived from the original on 28 May 2018.
  198. ^ Syal, Rajeev (3 December 2010). "World Cup 2018 win raises Russian racism fears". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 September 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  199. ^ "Yaya Toure: Black players may boycott 2018 Russia World Cup". BBC Sport. 25 October 2013. Archived from the original on 18 January 2016.
  200. ^ Munro, Kelsey (11 June 2018). "Racism in Russia and FIFA's 3-step plan to tackle it". Sbs.com.au. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018.
  201. ^ McCormick, Joseph Patrick (25 March 2014). "Campaigns demand FIFA bans Russia from hosting 2018 World Cup due to anti-gay law". Pink News. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  202. ^ Lavin, James (28 February 2014). "Why FIFA Needs to Move the World Cup". advocate.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  203. ^ "Fifa urged to rethink staging 2018 World Cup in Russia". BBC. 21 March 2014. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  204. ^ Winter, Stuart (23 March 2014). "US calls for Fifa to drop Russia from hosting World Cup in 2018". Daily Express. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  205. ^ "Sepp Blatter: Russia will host 2018 World Cup despite Crimea". BBC Sport. 21 March 2014. Archived from the original on 28 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  206. ^ Ornstein, David (17 November 2014). "World Cup: Former FA chief David Bernstein calls for boycott". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 17 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  207. ^ Dunbar, Graham. "FIFA under fire after report on Qatar, Russia". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 16 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  208. ^ Roan, Dan (17 November 2014). "Greg Dyke: FA demands full report findings into World Cup corruption". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 17 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  209. ^ Conway, Richard. "FIFA corruption report: Who is to blame and what happens now?". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  210. ^ "Michael Garcia: FIFA investigator resigns in World Cup report row". BBC. 17 December 2014. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016.
  211. ^ Rumsby, Ben (4 June 2015). "Fifa in crisis: FBI extends investigation to Russia 2018 and Qatar 2022 World Cup bids". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  212. ^ Riach, James (3 June 2015). "FBI investigating Fifa's awarding of 2018 and 2022 World Cups – report". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  213. ^ "'Russia & Qatar may lose World Cups' – Fifa official". BBC News. 7 June 2015. Archived from the original on 2 August 2015.
  214. ^ Gibson, Owen (7 June 2015). "Russia and Qatar may lose World Cups if evidence of bribery is found". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 December 2016.
  215. ^ Mendick, Robert; Rumsby, Ben (27 June 2017). "Prince William and David Cameron caught up in Fifa corruption scandal". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018.
  216. ^ "Video: David Cameron and Prince William implicated in FIFA corruption probe". The Belfast Telegraph. 28 June 2017.
  217. ^ Osborne, Samuel (14 March 2018). "Theresa May's statement in full as she expels 23 Russian spies from Britain". The Independent. Archived from the original on 14 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  218. ^ "Iceland to diplomatically boycott 2018 World Cup in Russia". Russia: RT. Archived from the original on 26 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  219. ^ "Moscow official says West is trying to deny Russia World Cup". BBC News. 1 April 2018. Archived from the original on 1 April 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  220. ^ Osborne, Samuel (21 March 2018). "Sergei Skripal: Chemical weapons inspectors arrive in Salisbury to investigate nerve agent attack". The Independent. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  221. ^ Calder, Simon (15 March 2018). "World Cup 2018: England football fans warned of potential 'anti-British harassment' when travelling to Russia". The Independent. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  222. ^ "World Cup 2018: New report highlights MPs' concern for England fans in Russia". BBC News. 8 June 2018. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  223. ^ Mendick, Robert; Luhn, Alec (18 June 2018). "England fans welcomed with open arms in Volgograd ahead of opening 2018 World Cup match against Tunisia". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  224. ^ Carroll, Oliver (19 June 2018). "World Cup 2018: England fans praise welcome by Russian hosts as they celebrate first win". The Independent. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  225. ^ "Is Russia the real winner of World Cup 2018?". BBC. Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  226. ^ "Qatar 2022 will be held in November and December". News.com.au. Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  227. ^ "Gianni Infantino: World Cup 2018 the best ever". Goal.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  228. ^ "FIFA Confederations Cup Testing 4K; Might Lead to World Cup 'Ultra HD' Broadcast". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  229. ^ "4K TV misses its World Cup goal". The Verge. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  230. ^ "Fox, Telemundo Offer a Clearer View of FIFA World Cup Russia". TV Technology. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  231. ^ "World Cup 2018: BBC to show tournament in Ultra HD & virtual reality". BBC Sport. 30 May 2018. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  232. ^ "FuboTV streaming World Cup in 4K resolution". SportsPro. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  233. ^ "Ukrainian public broadcaster decides not to show World Cup matches". Kyiv Post. 12 February 2018. Archived from the original on 14 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  234. ^ Carp, Sam. "Ukraine's public broadcaster refuses to show Fifa World Cup". SportsPro. Archived from the original on 14 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  235. ^ "Inter Media Group secures World Cup rights in Ukraine". TV Sports Markets. 31 May 2018. Archived from the original on 2 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  236. ^ Bershidsky, Leonid (18 June 2018). "You Can Hate Putin But Love the World Cup". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  237. ^ Gokulan, Dhanusha. "UAE football fans fear missing out on Fifa World Cup action". khaleejtimes.com. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  238. ^ "beIN Sports pulls TV channels from du customers in the UAE". ArabianBusiness.com. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  239. ^ "Etisalat announces FIFA World Cup 2018 package". ArabianBusiness.com. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  240. ^ Vivarelli, Nick (13 June 2018). "World Cup: Diplomatic Crisis in Middle East Stokes Fears of Piracy". Variety. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  241. ^ "FIFA to take legal action against beoutQ over World Cup broadcasts". Arabian Business. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  242. ^ Draper, Kevin (11 October 2017). "Fox and Others Will Feel Pain of U.S. Absence at World Cup". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  243. ^ Deitsch, Richard (11 October 2017). "With USMNT eliminated from World Cup, Fox must refocus coverage plan". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  244. ^ Shaw, Lucas; Novy-Williams, Eben; Broudway, Ira (11 October 2017). "Fox projects up to $20 million in lost World Cup ad sales". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  245. ^ Steinberg, Brian (3 July 2018). "World Cup Strains to Reverse Sports-Viewing Trends". Variety. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  246. ^ Ingold, Ira Boudway, Eben Novy-Williams, David. "Fox and Telemundo 2018 World Cup ratings are down 44 percent from 2014". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  247. ^ "FIFA and adidas extend partnership until 2030". FIFA. 21 November 2013. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  248. ^ Matthews, Sam (22 November 2005). "Coca-Cola renews Fifa football sponsorship until 2022". Campaign. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  249. ^ Millerchip, Oliver (16 September 2013). "Gazprom agrees Fifa sponsorship deal". SportsPro. Archived from the original on 7 July 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  250. ^ "Hyundai-Kia drives on as FIFA Partner until 2022". FIFA. 24 November 2010. Archived from the original on 18 June 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  251. ^ "Qatar Airways announced as Official Partner and Official Airline of FIFA until 2022". FIFA. 7 May 2017. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  252. ^ Mickle, Tripp (1 April 2013). "Visa extending World Cup deal for eight years". Sports Business Daily. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  253. ^ "Wanda Group becomes new FIFA Partner". FIFA. 18 March 2016. Archived from the original on 24 April 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  254. ^ "FIFA and Anheuser-Busch InBev announce FIFA World Cup sponsorship for 2018 / 2022". FIFA. 25 October 2011. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  255. ^ "Hisense becomes Official Sponsor of 2018 FIFA World Cup". FIFA. 6 April 2017. Archived from the original on 20 May 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  256. ^ "McDonald's looking ahead to 2018". FIFA. 24 October 2014. Archived from the original on 29 May 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  257. ^ Carp, Sam (20 December 2017). "Mengniu Group added to Fifa World Cup sponsor line-up". SportsPro. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  258. ^ Carp, Sam (31 May 2017). "Fifa agrees massive World Cup deal with Vivo". SportsPro. Archived from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  259. ^ "Egypt government selected as regional sponsor for 2018 FIFA World Cup". Egypt Independent. 13 June 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  260. ^ a b Long, Danielle (11 June 2018). "More Chinese sponsors sign up for Fifa World Cup". The Drum. Archived from the original on 14 March 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  261. ^ Carp, Sam (8 February 2018). "Fifa adds latest Chinese sponsor for World Cup". SportsPro. Archived from the original on 14 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  262. ^ "Alfa-Bank unveiled as first-ever Regional Supporter for the FIFA World Cup". FIFA. 18 July 2016. Archived from the original on 21 May 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  263. ^ "Alrosa completes line-up of European Regional Supporters of the 2018 FIFA World Cup". FIFA. 23 April 2018. Archived from the original on 25 April 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  264. ^ Carp, Sam (21 March 2018). "Fifa World Cup adds Rostelecom as regional partner". SportsPro. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  265. ^ "Russian Railways announced as an Official European Supporter of the 2018 FIFA World Cup". FIFA. 5 April 2018. Archived from the original on 16 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  266. ^ "FIFA's Confederations Cup has uncertain future after Russia". Fox Sports. 9 June 2017. Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.

External links

  • FIFA.com 2018 website
  • Welcome2018.com