2016 Nuclear Security Summit

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2016 Nuclear Security Summit
2016 National Security Summit logo.png
Host country United States
Date March 31 – April 1, 2016
Venue(s) Walter E. Washington Convention Center
Cities Washington, D.C.
Participants 58 representatives
Follows 2014 Nuclear Security Summit
Website www.nss2016.org

The 2016 Nuclear Security Summit was a summit held in Washington, D.C., United States on March 31 and April 1, 2016. It was the fourth edition of the conference, succeeding the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit.

Background

The 2016 Nuclear Security Summit[1] was held at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C. in the United States of America.[2]

Participants

  Host nation (United States)
  Participating nations
  European Union members represented by the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission only (as observer)
Participating world leaders at the 2016 Nuclear Security Summit

Notably absent from the summit were leaders or representatives of Russia, North Korea, Iran and Belarus.[3] However, a significant contingent of Asian leaders especially from South Asia such as India and Singapore attending the summit was a probable sign of continental concern over terrorist threats alongside vulnerable nuclear facilities.[4]

Country/Organization Representative(s)[5][6]
 Algeria Abdelmalek Sellal (Prime Minister)
 Argentina Mauricio Macri (President)
 Armenia Serzh Sargsyan (President)
 Australia Julie Bishop (Minister for Foreign Affairs)
 Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev (President)
 Belgium Jan Jambon (Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior)
 Brazil Mauro Vieira (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
 Canada Justin Trudeau (Prime Minister)
 Chile Michelle Bachelet (President)
 China Xi Jinping (President)
 Czech Republic Bohuslav Sobotka (Prime Minister)
 Denmark Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Prime Minister)
 Egypt Sameh Shoukry (Minister of Foreign Affairs)
 European Union Donald Tusk (President)
Federica Mogherini (High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
 Finland Sauli Niinistö (President)
 France François Hollande (President)
 Gabon Ali Bongo Ondimba (President)
 Georgia Giorgi Margvelashvili (President)
 Germany Ursula von der Leyen (Minister of Defence)
 Hungary Viktor Orbán (Prime Minister)
 India Narendra Modi (Prime Minister)
 Indonesia Jusuf Kalla (Vice President)
 International Atomic Energy Agency (observer) Yukiya Amano (Director General)
Interpol (observer) Jürgen Stock (Secretary General)
 Israel Yuval Steinitz (Ministry of National Infrastructures, Energy and Water Resources)
 Italy Matteo Renzi (Prime Minister)
 Japan Shinzō Abe (Prime Minister)
 Jordan Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (King)
 Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev (President)
 Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaitė (President)
 Malaysia Ahmad Hamidi Zahid (Deputy Prime Minister)
 Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto (President)
 Morocco Moulay Rachid (Prince)
 Netherlands Mark Rutte (Prime Minister)
 New Zealand John Key (Prime Minister)
 Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari (President)
 Norway Erna Solberg (Prime Minister)
 Pakistan Tariq Fatemi (Assistant to Prime Minister of Pakistan)
 Philippines Mario Montejo (Secretary of Science and Technology)
 Poland Andrzej Duda (President)
 Romania Klaus Iohannis (President)
 Saudi Arabia Hashim A. Yamani (President of King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy)
 Singapore Lee Hsien Loong (Prime Minister)[7]
 South Africa Maite Nkoana-Mashabane (Minister of International Relations and Cooperation)
 South Korea Park Geun-hye (President)
 Spain José Manuel García-Margallo (Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation)
 Sweden Margot Wallström (Minister of Foreign Affairs)
  Switzerland Johann Schneider-Ammann (President)
 Thailand Prayut Chan-o-cha (Prime Minister)
 Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (President)
 Ukraine Petro Poroshenko (President)
 United Arab Emirates Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan (Minister of Foreign Affairs)
 United Kingdom David Cameron (Prime Minister)
 United Nations (observer) Ban Ki-moon (Secretary-General)
 United States (host) Barack Obama (President)[8]
 Vietnam Pham Binh Minh[9] (Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs)

Announcements

Modi and Obama at the summit.

Various countries, including Kazakhstan and Poland, undertook to reduce their highly enriched uranium stockpiles. Japan agreed to ship additional separated plutonium to the U.S.[10] Canada pledged $42 million to bolster nuclear security.[11] The U.S. disclosed its own inventory of highly enriched uranium has dropped from 741 metric tons in the 1990s to 586 metric tons as of 2013. A strengthened nuclear security agreement, which had languished since 2005, was finally approved, extending safeguards for nuclear materials and requiring criminal penalties for nuclear smuggling.[12] According to the U.S., since the last summit in 2014, ten nations have removed or disposed of about 450 kilograms of highly enriched uranium; Argentina, Switzerland and Uzbekistan are now free of highly enriched uranium, as is all of Latin America and the Caribbean.[13]

The summit participants stated that the 2016 summit would be "the last of this kind".[12]

Three months after the meeting, NPCIL and Westinghouse agreed to conclude contractual arrangements for 6 reactors by June 2017.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "White House Press Call: Previewing the Nuclear Security Summit". Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  2. ^ "2016 Nuclear Security Summit". Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  3. ^ "ISIS threat raises stakes for US Nuclear Security Summit". AFP. March 30, 2016. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  4. ^ Au Yong, Jeremy (March 28, 2016). "Close watch on nuclear security". Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  5. ^ "Participating Country and International Organization Delegations" (PDF). Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  6. ^ "PM Narendra Modi To Embark on 3-Nation Visit March End". NDTV. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
  7. ^ Au Yong, Jeremy (March 30, 2016). "PM Lee visits Sept 11 memorial in New York". Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  8. ^ "Nuclear Security Summit: What's at stake". AFP. March 30, 2016. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  9. ^ "VN to join nuclear security summit". Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  10. ^ "Barack Obama's final attempt to safeguard nuclear stockpiles". The Economist. April 3, 2016. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
  11. ^ Matt Kwong (April 2, 2016). "Trudeau, Obama tout commitments at close of Nuclear Security Summit". CBC News. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  12. ^ a b "World leaders urge action against terrorism at Nuclear Security Summit". PBS NewsHour. April 2, 2016. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "Obama touts removal of highly enriched uranium". USA TODAY. April 2, 2016. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  14. ^ https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-and-india-agree-u-s-company-to-build-six-nuclear-reactors-1465317345

External links

  • Official website
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