2015 in aviation

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Years in aviation: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Centuries: 20th century · 21st century · 22nd century
Decades: 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s
Years: 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

This is a list of aviation-related events from 2015:

Events

January

1 January
3 January
4 January
5 January
6 January
  • The United States Department of Defense announces that it is investigating reports that airstrikes by the U.S.-led coalition against Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria have inflicted casualties on civilians and has concluded that 13 of the 18 reports of civilian casualties – nine in Iraq and nine in Syria – between 8 August 2014 and 30 December 2014 are not credible. Two in late December 2014 have been deemed credible, and investigations of the remaining three are only in their opening stages.[4]
  • The United States Department of Homeland Security inspector general releases an audit which finds "little or no evidence" that the Predator B surveillance drones operated by United States Customs and Border Protection have met expectations or conducted effective surveillance operations during their nearly ten years of operation. The audit finds that the cost of operating the drones is five times higher than estimated; that the aircraft are plagued by maintenance problems and actually fly only 22 percent of the hours planned for them; and that the drones have contributed to the apprehension of fewer than two percent of people illegally crossing the border from Mexico into Arizona and only 0.1 percent of those crossing illegally from Mexico into Texas. A Customs and Border Protection official disputes the findings, claiming that the drones are more effective than depicted in the audit and that they "directly" contributed to the seizure of 50,000 pounds of marijuana worth $122,000,000 along the Mexican border in 2013. Customs and Border Protection flies nine Predator B surveillance drones from bases in Arizona, Florida, North Dakota, and Texas.[5][6]
  • The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issues its first permits for the use of commercial unmanned vehicles in the agricultural and real estate industries. The permits go to Advanced Aviation Solutions of Spokane, Washington, for "crop scouting," and to Douglas Trudeau of Tierra Antigua Realty in Tucson, Arizona, for enhanced aerial footage of buildings. The FAA's previous 11 permits, all issued in 2014, had gone to companies in the petroleum, film, and landfill industries.[7]
7 January
8 January
9 January
10 January
  • The first major piece of wreckage from Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501, a piece of the Airbus A320-216's tail section, is brought to the surface from the bottom of the Java Sea.[11]
  • SpaceX's attempt at the world's first upright landing of a recoverable rocket booster aboard a barge at sea fails when the grid fins of its Falcon 9 rocket's first stage run out of hydraulic fluid just before landing and the booster breaks up upon striking the barge. The rocket had been launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida. SpaceX announces plans to make another attempt in February 2015 using a larger amount of hydraulic fluid.[12]
12 January
  • A volcanic eruption in Tonga sends ash into the sky, prompting the cancellation of all international flights to and from the country. Flights do not resume until 14 January.[13][14]
  • Divers retrieve the flight data recorder from Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501's wreckage on the bottom of the Java Sea.[15]
13 January
14 January
15 January
16 January
18 January
19 January
20 January
  • Jet fuel prices have been cut in nearly in half in the previous 12 months, but this has not prompted airlines to reduce their fares. Long-term contracts for fuel mean that airlines do not expect to enjoy the cheaper fuel prices until the summer of 2015.[28]
  • An Olimp Air Antonov An-2 (NATO reporting name "Colt") carrying four employees of the Kazakhmys mining company and a crew of three crashes in Kazakhstan 20 km (12.5 miles) from its destination, the Shatyrkul Mine. The crash kills all three crew members and three of the four passengers.[29]
  • A overloaded Spreading Wings S900 unmanned aerial vehicle apparently flying from Mexico into the United States carrying over 6 pounds (2.7 kg) of crystal meth crashes in a supermarket parking lot in Tijuana, Mexico. UAVs are emerging as a new way for drug cartels to smuggle illegal drugs into the United States from Mexico.[30]
21 January
22 January
  • President of Yemen Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi and his entire cabinet resign under pressure from Houthi militia, who take control of the Yemeni government. Hadi had granted the United States permission to fly unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) over Yemen to conduct surveillance flights against al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and had approved strikes by American UAVs against AQAP targets in Yemen. The Houthis are hostile to AQAP but also to the United States, calling into question whether American UAV flights over and strikes in Yemen can continue after Hadi's resignation.[32]
  • Ukrainian Army forces retreat from the new terminal at Donetsk Sergey Prokofiev International Airport in Donetsk, Ukraine, leaving it in the hands of pro-Russian separatists after months of fighting.[33]
23 January
  • SkyMall, LLC, and several affiliated companies responsible for publishing the airline catalog SkyMall, found in airliner seat pockets since 1990, file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and request an auction in late March 2015 to begin the process of liquidating remaining merchandise. The increasing access to electronic means of making purchases during flights which airlines have provided to passengers has made the catalog unprofitable.[34][35][36]
24 January
25 January
26 January
27 January
28 January
29 January
30 January
31 January
  • A Philippine Air Force SIAI Marchetti SF.260FH trainer aircraft crashes in the sea off Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippines, killing its two pilots.[55]
  • A suspected air-to-ground missile strike by an American unmanned aerial vehicle against a car in al-Saeed in Yemen's Shabwah Governorate kills three men suspected of being al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula members.[56]
  • An American unmanned aerial vehicle conducts an air-to-ground missile strike against a car near Dinsoor, Somalia, killing Al-Shabaab's head of external operations, Yusef Dheeq. It is at least the third military unmanned aerial vehicle strike the United States has conducted in Somalia since September 2014.[57]
  • Two Chadian Air Force jet fighters strafe Boko Haram positions in Gamboru, Nigeria.[58]
  • Tom Bradley and Leonid Tiukhtyaev land their Two Eagles Balloon in the Pacific Ocean four miles (6.5 km) off Baja California 300 miles (483 km) north of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, completing their journey of 6,646 miles (10,702 km) from Japan in 160 hours 38 minutes. Their flight breaks the previous records for a gas-filled balloon for both distance – set in November 1981, when Ben Abruzzo, Larry Newman, Ron Clark, and Rock Aoki in a flight of 5,209 miles (8,388 km) aboard the balloon Double Eagle V – and endurance – set in August 1978 by Abruzzo, Newman, and Maxie Anderson during a transatlantic flight in the balloon Double Eagle II that lasted 137 hours 6 minutes.[59][60]
Late January

February

  • The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale establishes the first judging criteria for official world record wingsuit formation attempts. Previous records are retired, with future record attempts to be judged according to the new criteria.
1 February
3 February
  • The Islamic State releases a video of its personnel killing Royal Jordanian Air Force pilot Lieutenant Muath al-Kasasbeh by burning him to death while he stands in a cage. Jordan's state television claims the video had been made a month earlier. The Islamic State captured al-Kasasbeh – the only coalition pilot it has captured thus far – in Syria on 24 December 2014 when his plane crashed while has was attacking its positions.[62]
4 February
5 February
  • In retaliation for the killing of pilot Lieutenant Muath al-Kasasbeh, the Royal Jordanian Air Force conducts Operation Muath the Martyr, involving dozens of Jordanian jets bombing Islamic State bases, training camps, and arms and munitions warehouses. The returning jets fly over al-Kasasbeh's home town, Aye, while Jordan's King Abdullah II pays a condolence visit to al-Kasasbeh's father there.[63][65][66]
  • A barrel-bomb attack by Syrian government helicopters on a market in Ghouta, Syria, kills at least 40 people.[67]
6 February
  • Jordan expands its air campaign against the Islamic State into Iraq for the first time, as the Royal Jordanian Air Force strikes targets in Mosul early in the morning.[68]
  • The Islamic State claims that American hostage Kayla Mueller has been killed, the sole casualty in a one-hour-long Royal Jordanian Air Force raid against a weapons warehouse in Raqqa, Syria, during Islamic prayers. The United States Government and Government of Jordan discount the claim, citing the unlikelihood of Islamic State personnel identifying attacking aircraft as Jordanian, of Mueller being the only casualty in the destruction of a building in which the Islamic State is holding her as a prisoner, and of the Islamic State holding her in a weapons warehouse.[69]
7 February
  • The United Arab Emirates sends a squadron of F-16 Fighting Falcon fighters to Jordan to operate from a base there and participate in airstrikes against Islamic State targets. The announcement marks a return of the United Arab Emirates Air Force to the anti-Islamic State coalition's air campaign after it had suspended participation in late December 2014 when the Islamic State captured downed Royal Jordanian Air Force pilot Muath al-Kasasbeh pending improvements it demanded in the capability of the United States armed forces to rescue coalition pilots from Islamic State-held territory.[70]
8 February
  • The chief of the Royal Jordanian Air Force, Major General Mansour al-Jabour, announces that Jordan has destroyed 56 Islamic State training centers, military barracks, warehouses, and weapons depots in daily airstrikes since 5 February, and that more airstrikes will follow. He adds that aircraft of the anti-Islamic State coalition have flown 5,500 sorties, including 2,000 reconnaissance flights, thus far in the air campaign, which began in Iraq in August 2014 and expanded to Syria in September 2014, that Jordan had taken part in 946 of them, and that 7,000 Islamic militants have been killed.[71]
  • Chilean mountaineers announce that they have discovered the wreckage of LAN Chile Flight 210, a Douglas DC-3 carrying 24 people, including eight members of the Chilean football (soccer) team Club de Deportes Green Cross, which disappeared over the Andes Mountains in Chile during a domestic flight from Osorno to Santiago on 3 April 1961. The wreckage is in the Andes at an altitude of about 10,500 feet (3,200 meters) about 215 miles (360 kilometers) south of Santiago.[72]
9 February
10 February
11 February
13 February
15 February
  • The French Navy aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle (R91) arrives in the Persian Gulf to take part in Opération Chammal, the French component of the air campaign in Iraq against the Islamic State. The deployment is in response to the Charlie Hebdo shootings in Paris in January 2015. Charles de Gaulle operates under American command, the first time in history France has placed Charles de Gaulle under foreign command. Charles de Gaulle will operate in the Persian Gulf for eight weeks.[79][80]
  • The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) unveils its proposed regulations for the commercial use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) weighing 55 pounds (25 kg) or less in the United States, requiring commercial UAV operators to register each UAV, pass a written proficiency test, and pay a fee, but not to demonstrate proficiency in flying a UAV; they would require UAVs to fly at no more than 100 miles per hour (161 km/hr), remain below an altitude of 500 feet (152 meters), and avoid flying over anyone uninvolved in operating them, thus precluding the use of UAVs in door-to-door delivery of merchandise to customers. After a review period that will last into 2017, the FAA expects the rules to go into force and that more than 7,000 businesses will receive UAV permits in the United States between 2017 and 2020.[81]
  • President Barack Obama issues an executive order requiring United States Government agencies to disclose publicly where they operate UAVs and how they safeguard personal information gathered during UAV flights, as well as to publish an annual report on their UAV operations. The order also directs the United States Department of Commerce to work with private companies and UAV manufacturers to develop a voluntary code of conduct for the gathering and protection of personal information collected during commercial UAV flights.[81]
16 February
17 February
  • A military aircraft targeting Boko Haram forces mistakenly bombs a funeral gathering in Abadam Faransa, Niger, killing 37 people and injuring 20 others. Locals blame the Nigerian Air Force for the attack, but Nigeria denies having any aircraft conducting bombing raids in the area.[83]
  • The Obama administration announces that the United States Government will allow the widespread export of armed unmanned aerial vehicles to allies of the United States. To receive U.S.-built drones, foreign governments will have to make a strong case for acquiring them, agree to a set of "proper use" principles created by the United States, promising to use the UAVs for national defense or other situations in which force is permitted by international law, must not use the UAVs "to conduct unlawful surveillance or [for] unlawful force against their domestic populations," and consent to American monitoring of their use of the UAVs.[84]
21 February
  • A Nigerian Air Force jet bombs Boko Haram positions around Baga, Nigeria, as Nigerian troops retake Baga from Boko Haram.[85]
22 February
  • The French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle begins launching airstrikes against Islamic State targets in Iraq.[79]
24 February
25 February
  • Assault helicopters support an attack by Philippine troops against Abu Sayyaf forces in a day-long battle near Patikul in the province of Sulu in the Philippines.[87]
  • In the hours before dawn, French authorities for the second straight night spot at least five unidentified unmanned aerial vehicles flying illegally at an altitude of 100 to 300 meters (328 to 984 feet) over Paris landmarks, again including the Eiffel Tower, Les Invalides, the U.S. Embassy, and the Place de la Concorde, as well as over several major thoroughfares. The flights on two consecutive nights stoke fears in Paris of imminent terrorist violence.[88] Later in the day, French police arrest three Al-Jazeera journalists for flying a UAV illegally over the Bois de Boulogne in western Paris.[89]

March

2 March
3 March
  • A Turkish Airlines flight (THY726) carrying 238 people overshoots a runway and crashes while trying to land in dense fog at an airport in Nepal. No one is seriously injured.[91]
5 March
8 March
9 March
10 March
11 March
12 March
13 March
14 March
16–17 March (overnight)
  • A chlorine gas attack on Sarmin, Syria, kills at least six people and sickens dozens of others. Human rights activists blame Syrian military helicopters for the attack, but the Government of Syria denies involvement and blames the attack on Syrian rebels.[120]
17 March
  • The United States Department of Defense reports that it has lost contact with an unarmed American MQ-1 Predator unmanned aerial vehicle over northwestern Syria. The Government of Syria claims that its air defense forces have shot down a "hostile U.S. surveillance plane," apparently a reference to the Predator. It is the first time Syria claims to have shot down an American aircraft of any type since the American-led coalition began airstrikes against Islamic State targets in Syria in September 2014.[121]
18 March
  • With André Borschberg at the controls, Solar Impulse 2 flies the third leg of its around-the-world flight, flying over India from Ahmedabad to Varanasi. The flight lasts 13 hours 15 minutes, covering 1,215 kilometers (755 miles) at an average speed of 91.70 km/hr (57.95 mph), and reaches a maximum altitude of 17,000 feet (5,182 meters).[122][123]
18–19 March (overnight)
  • Iraqi Air Force C-130 Hercules aircraft drop hundreds of thousands of leaflets over Mosul, Iraq, promising residents that Iraqi military forces would liberate them from Islamic State control, urging them to collaborate against Islamic State forces, and asking them to take note of people cooperating with the Islamic State.[124]
19 March
20 March
22 March
  • After a Syrian government helicopter suffers a technical malfunction and makes an emergency crash-landing near Maarrat al-Nu'man in Syria's Idlib Governorate, rebel forces kill one of its crewmen and capture four others. A sixth crewmen is missing.[131]
23 March
24 March
25 March
  • American aircraft make their first strikes in support of the stalled Iraqi ground offensive to take Tikrit from the Islamic State. It is the first direct American involvement in the offensive.[135]
26 March
27 March
  • After the crash of Germanwings Flight 9525, the European Aviation Safety Agency issues a temporary recommendation for airlines to ensure that at least two crew members, including at least one pilot, are in the cockpit at all times of the flight.[138]
28 March
29 March
  • After taking off from Mandalay, Myanmar, the previous evening, Solar Impulse 2 completes the fifth leg of its around-the-world flight, landing at Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport in Chongqing in the People's Republic of China. Pilot Bertrand Piccard successfully lands the aircraft under challenging conditions due to high winds and heavy air traffic at the airport, and because of delays in landing Solar Impulse 2 is airborne for 20 hours 29 minutes. The flight covers 1,459 kilometers (906 miles).[111][140]
  • Air Canada Flight 624, an Airbus A320-211 (registration C-FTJP) with 138 people on board, lands short of the runway in snow and poor visibility at Halifax International Airport in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. It smashes through an antenna array, loses its landing gear, severs the power line that supplies all of the airport's electricity, and slides to a stop on its belly, suffering severe damage. All aboard survive, but 23 people suffer injuries.
30 March
  • The People's Republic of China's People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) conducts an exercise over the Western Pacific for the first time, its aircraft flying over the Bashi Channel between Luzon and Taiwan to reach the exercise area. It is the first time that the PLAAF has exercised so far from the coast of China.[141]
  • An airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition targeting a Houthi military position set up inside the Mazraq refugee camp for displaced persons in Yemen's Hajjah Governorate is the single deadliest strike thus far in the Saudi-led coaition's air campaign in Yemen, killing at least 29 and perhaps as many as 40 people and injuring about 200 others. Other coalition airstrikes hit pro-Houthi Yemeni Republican Guard air defense positions and ammunition depots around Sana'a.[142]
  • Yemenia suspends flight operations due to military conflict at its home base, Sana'a International Airport in Sana'a, Yemen.
  • Iran claims that a missile strike by an American unmanned aerial vehicle on 23 March killed two members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps serving as advisors in the Iraqi ground offensive to take Tikrit from the Islamic State. The United States denies conducting any airstrikes that could have resulted in their deaths.[143]
31 March
  • Since 1 January, Airbus has booked gross orders for 121 aircraft, while Boeing has booked 116. However, after cancellations and conversions, Boeing has 110 net orders since 1 January compared with Airbus's 101. Since 1 January, Airbus has delivered 134 aircraft to customers, including one A350 and four A380s.[144]
  • American Airlines has logged $1,200,000,000 in profits since 1 January, its most profitable quarter in history.[145]
  • Historically low prices for jet fuel have saved airlines in the United States $3,300,000,000 in fuel costs since 1 January.[145]

April

2 April
3 April
  • Aircraft of the Saudi-led coalition strike Houthi rebels advancing on Aden, Yemen, and airdrop weapons to the defenders of Aden. It is the first airdrop since the coalition intervened in Yemen.[147]
4 April
6 April
7 April
8 April
10 April
  • A man wielding a knife attacks and slightly injures a French soldier patrolling inside Orly Airport outside Paris, France. The man escapes, prompting French authorities to launch a search for him.[155]
  • The United States Air Force grounds its entire fleet of 445 T-6A Texan II trainer aircraft because of concerns over a potential malfunction in the engines' oil line. Inspection of all aircraft for the defect will not be completed until 14 April.[156]
  • British Airways Flight 144, serviced by an Airbus A321, makes an emergency landing in Baku, Azerbaijan due to engine fire, passengers and crew are not harmed.[157]
11 April
  • Syrian government airstrikes on rebel-held areas of Aleppo and rebel artillery fire against government-controlled areas of the city combine to kill at least 30 people.[158]
12 April
13 April
14 April
15 April
18 April
  • Militiamen loyal to Yemen's exiled president besiege Al-Annad air base in Yemen, supported by Royal Saudi Air Force strikes. The base, held by Houthi rebels, once had played a key role in American unmanned aerial vehicle strikes against al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.[170]
19 April
  • Syrian Air Force raids on three towns in southern Syria kill at least 16 people.[171]
  • Oxfam accuses the Saudi-led coalition conducting airstrikes in Yemen of hitting one of its facilities in Saada Governorate that was loaded with humanitarian supplies even though Oxfam had notified the coalition of the facility's location and purpose.[172]
  • The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) departs the Persian Gulf on her way to a deployment off Yemen in response to the conflict there. The move takes her away from conducting airtsrikes against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.[173]
20 April
  • An airstrike conducted by the Saudi-led coalition against a weapons depot in Sana'a, Yemen, kills at least 25 people and injures over 350. It apparently is the deadliest airstrike in Sana'a since the coalition intervened in Yemen on 26 March.[172]
  • The Washington Post reports that a United States Department of Homeland Security Inspector General's report has accused United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) of wasting up to $41 million by sending illegal immigrants home on charter flights that are often only 40 to 80 percent full and by flying detainees multiple times between the same cities without documenting reasons for moving them. It recommends using fewer, full flights, but ICE argues that it sometimes is more expensive to have charter aircraft lying idle while they await full passenger loads than it is to keep them flying with partial loads of passengers.[174]
21 April
  • After taking off from Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport in Chonqing, China, the previous evening, Solar Impulse 2, with Bertrand Piccard at the controls, completes the sixth leg of its around-the-world flight, landing at Nanjing Lukou International Airport in Nanjing, China. Solar Impulse 2 is airborne for 17 hours 22 minutes and reaches a maximum altitude of 14,000 feet (4,267 meters). The flight covers 1,344 kilometers (835 miles) at an average speed of 77.4 km/hr (48.1 mph). The flight takes place after a three-week weather-related delay in Chongqing.[111][175]
  • Round-the-clock airstrikes in Yemen cease as the Government of Saudi Arabia announces that it will end its air campaign against Houthi rebels in Yemen, Operation Decisive Storm, which has conducted punishing airstrikes daily since it began on 26 March. Although air raids will continue, the intervention is to begin emphasizing humanitarian relief, anti-terrorism operations, and a political solution to the conflict in Yemen in a new operation called Operation Restoring Hope.[176]
22 April
  • An unmanned aerial vehicle carrying traces of radioactive material is discovered on the roof of the residence of Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe in Tokyo, Japan.[177]
  • Hours after the Saudi announcement of the end of Operation Decisive Storm, aircraft of the Saudi-led coalition resume heavy airstrikes in Yemen. Targets include Houthi rebel command sites around Taiz and Houthi and other rebel forces around Aden.[178]
  • An air-to-ground missile strike apparently carried out by an American unmanned aerial vehicle strikes a car traveling in Mukalla, Yemen, killing seven members of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.[178]
  • Syrian government aircraft bomb rebel positions in Harasta and Douma, killing 11 people, as well as a hospital in Dayr Hafir and villages surrounding Dayr Hafir in Aleppo Governorate, killing another 15 to 23 people and wounding 40.[179]
  • An unmanned aerial vehicle refuels in mid-air for the first time in history when the U.S. Navy Northrop Grumman X-47B Unmanned Combat Air System-Demonstrator (UCAS-D) Salty Dog 502 takes on over 4,000 pounds (1,814 kg) of fuel from an Omega Aerial Refueling Services Boeing KC-707 tanker over the Chesapeake Bay before returning to its base at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland. The flight brings the U.S. Navy's X-47 program to a successful conclusion.[180]
23 April
  • Airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition targeting rebel forces strike six cities in Yemen.[181]
24 April
  • The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) leaves waters near Yemen to return to the Persian Gulf and the air campaign in Iraq and Syria against the Islamic State.[182]
25 April
26 April
  • After the weather clears enough to allow helicopter operations, rescuers in Nepal begin to airlift survivors from Mount Everest's base camp – where an avalanche had killed at least 19 people during a major earthquake the previous day – at an altitude of 17,700 feet (5,395 meters).[184]
  • After Israeli troops observe four men attempting to emplace a bomb in the fence between Syrian territory and the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, an Israeli Air Force aircraft conducts an air-to-ground missile attack against the men, killing them.[185]
  • The Saudi-led coalition conducts airstrikes in Yemen against rebel forces and facilities in Sana'a, Dhamar, Ma'rib, Aden, the Shabwa Governorate, Hajjah, Saada, Ibb, and Lahij. The strikes in Sana'a hit a military base serving as an arms depot and weapons being moved near the presidential palace, while in Aden they hit rebel troops engaged in street fighting against forces loyal to ousted President of Yemen Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi.[186]
27 April
  • Three helicopter pilots working in rotation use a small helicopter to rescue about 100 people trapped at Mount Everest's Base Camp 1, at an altitude of 19,600 feet (5,974 meters), and Base Camp 2, at an altitude of 21,300 feet (6,492 meters), and carry them to safety in groups of four and five, completing the evacuation of the mountain in the aftermath of 25 April earthquake in Nepal. On 26 and 27 April combined, helicopters reportedly airlift 150 to 170 people off Mount Everest.[187]
  • According to Arab media reports, Israeli Air Force airstrikes again hit Hezbollah sites and Syrian Arab Army divisions near the Qalamoun Mountains. Israel denies the reports, blaming any attacks that did happen on the combatants in the Syrian Civil War.[183]
28 April
  • Throughout the day, Indian military helicopters airlift people injured in the 25 April earthquake from remote parts of Nepal to Kathmandu for treatment at General Birendra Military Hospital.[188]
  • The arrival of international rescuers and aid workers in large numbers in Nepal combined with poor weather overwhelms the facilities at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu causing back-ups in air traffic, with up to ten aircraft at a time waiting on the tarmac at New Delhi, India, for permission to take off and proceed to Kathmandu.[188]
  • A glitch in the iPad application FliteDeck – used by American Airlines pilots to view flight plans – that causes the application to display duplicate charts for Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Arlington, Virginia, and stop functioning forces American to ground dozens of flights. Groundings and delays continue into 29 April before the airline resolves the problem.[189][190]

May

1 May
1–2 May (overnight)
2 May
3 May
4 May
5 May
7 May
  • The People's Republic of China announces that it reserves the right to establish an air defense identification zone over the South China Sea, saying that a decision to do so will depend on its assessment as to whether aviation safety there is threatened.[198]
  • The Government of Saudi Arabia offers to suspend airstrikes for five days for a "humanitarian pause" in its campaign against rebel forces in Yemen to allow aid to reach refugees in Yemen, and also suggests that the suspension could last longer if rebel forces abide by a ceasefire and do not use it to gain additional territory.[199]
8 May
9 May
11 May
12 May
  • A United States Marine Corps Bell UH-1Y Venom helicopter with six U.S. Marines and two Nepalese soldiers aboard disappears while delivering humanitarian aid to people in Nepal's Dolakha District on the day of a second major earthquake in Nepal.[210] A Nepali Army helicopter discovers its wreckage on 15 May in rugged, heavily forested terrain at an altitude of approximately 11,000 feet (3,353 meters) with no sign of survivors.[211]
  • A Syrian government helicopter drops a barrel bomb onto a crowded bus depot in Aleppo, destroying buses, cars, and motorcycles and killing at least 28 and perhaps as many as 50 people.[212]
  • The Saudi-led coalition conducts airstrikes in Yemen targeting three rebel weapon depots in Sana'a, as well as three airstrikes against bases for Yemen Army units loyal to rebel forces. Coalition aircraft also hit Houthi rebel positions in Aden. At 23:00 local time, it begins a previously announced, unilateral five-day ceasefire to allow the delivery of humanitarian aid to people in Yemen.[209]
13 May
  • Although the ceasefire in Yemen begun the previous day generally holds, the Saudi-led coalition conducts an airstrike against Houthi rebels attempting to reinforce their forces in Aden.[213]
14 May
  • On the second full day of the ceasefire in Yemen, an attack helicopter belonging to the Saudi-led coalition attacks a truck in northern Yemen, killing nine people.[214]
  • The U.S. Government Accountability Office reports that the United States Air Force and United States Army provide insufficient training to their unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) pilots and have too few pilots for the number of UAV missions flown, forcing some pilots to skip training in order to operate UAVs on actual missions. It also reports that only 35 percent of U.S. Air Force UAV pilots complete all of their training, that Air Force UAV training squadrons at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, are manned at just 63 percent of authorized levels, that Air Force UAV pilots are trained mostly in surveillance and reconnaissance without receiving training in other mission areas such as interdiction, that most U.S. Army UAV pilots do not complete their training because they are assigned to other duties too often, that the Army does not have a method of keeping track of the training records of its UAV pilots, and that some UAV instructors themselves lack sufficient UAV training.[215][216]
15 May
  • Seventeen-year-old Canadian Raymond Wang wins first prize in the 2015 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair for designing a system of fin-like devices that can be installed in the air inlets of a Boeing 737 to reduce disease transmission aboard airliners by creating a virtual "wall of air" around each passenger. Wang estimates the modification, which can be installed overnight at a cost of $1,000 (USD) per aircraft, can reduce the concentration of airborne pathogens by 55 times and increase the availability of fresh air to passengers by 190 percent.[217]
16 May
17 May
18 May
  • The Saudi-led coalition resumes airstrikes in Yemen early in the morning – targeting rebel positions and tanks in Aden – after the expiration at 23:00 local time on 17 May of the coalition's unilateral five-day ceasefire to allow the delivery of humanitarian aid to people in Yemen.[222] Strikes later in the day hit additional targets in Aden, including Aden International Airport, and in Saada Governorate.[223]
20 May
21 May
  • United States Central Command announces the results of its four-month investigation iinto allegations that airstrikes in Syria and Iraq against the Islamic State by the U.S.-led coalition have killed civilians, reporting that the strikes have killed at least two civilians since they began in 2014. The two dead civilians were two children probably killed during strikes against Harem, Syria, on 5 and 6 November 2014. It also reports that it continues to investigate the killing of one other civilian in Syria and two civilians in Iraq.[225]
  • The U.S.-led coalition has conducted 2,458 airstrikes in Iraq and 1,593 strikes in Syria since August 2014, mostly against Islamic State targets.[225]
22 May
24 May
  • A Syrian military helicopter crashes while taking off from an airbase at Kweiras in Aleppo Governorate, killing its entire crew. Syrian government television claims it crashed due to technical problems, but the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights asserts that Islamic State forces shot it down.[226]
  • On American television, United States Senator John McCain says that 75 percent of U.S. air combat missions against the Islamic State over Iraq and Syria return to base without firing their weapons or dropping any bombs because of a lack of U.S. special operations forces on the ground to provide targeting information.[227]
25 May
27 May
  • An airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition strikes a headquarters for police commandos in Sana'a, Yemen, where hundreds of people have gathered to prepare to fight on the rebel side against forces loyal to Yemen's ousted president, killing at least 45 people and wounding at least 286.[229]
28 May
30 May
  • After a 39-day stay at Nanjing, China, Solar Impulse 2 departs Nanjing Lukou International Airport with André Borschberg at the controls for the seventh leg of its attempt to become the first solar-powered aircraft to fly around the world, a planned 144-hour non-stop flight to Honolulu, Hawaii, covering 9,132 kilometers (5,671 miles).[230][231][232]
  • Syrian government airstrikes in northern Syria kill at least 85 people. In the deadliest of the strikes, Syrian government helicopters drop two barrel bombs on a farmers market in Islamic State-held al-Bab early in the morning just as farmers and customers are arriving at the market, killing at least 50 people and injuring at least 20. Later in the morning, a raid on Aleppo kills 12 people, and another raid on the Zawiya Mountain area kills 14.[233]

June

1 June
2 June
3 June
5 June
7 June
  • At least three predawn airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition hit the rebel-held headquarters of the Yemeni armed forces in Sana'a, badly damaging it and killing at least 22 people. The strikes also damage several nearby homes.[243]
8 June
  • Syrian government aircraft conduct two raids against a public square in the village of Janoudiyeh in Idlib Governorate, killing at least 49 and perhaps as many as 60 people.[244]
  • Air Lituanica files for bankruptcy. It had ceased flight operations on 22 May.
8–9 June (overnight)
  • The Saudi-led coalition conducts heavy airstrikes against rebel positions in Aden, Ataq, and Saada, Yemen.[245]
9 June
  • A series of airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition against targets in Sana'a hit the rebel-held Yemeni Ministry of Defense building and the homes of Yemeni military leaders allied with the Houthi rebels. Another 121 coalition aircraft strike rebel targets in eight other Yemeni governorates. The strikes kill dozens of people.[245]
10 June
11 June
12 June
13 June
15 June
16 June
18 June
22 June
25 June
28 June
30 June

July

1 July
2 July
3 July
  • Iraqi jets drop hundreds of thousands of leaflets over Mosul, Iraq. Issued in the name of the Iraqi Army, the leaflets promise that the Government of Iraq soon would drive Islamic State forces out of Mosul.[272]
  • Airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition against rebel targets in Yemen kill at least six people in Sana'a's al Jaraf neighborhood and at least 10 people in Bayt al-Faqih, according to Houthi rebels. Coalition aircraft also strike the Ministry of Communications building in Sana'a and a military base and weapons depot on Faj Attan mountain overlooking Sanaa. Some reports also attribute an explosion at the public library in Hodeida that kills eight Houthis to an airstrike.[273]
  • Colombian wingsuit flying multiple-record holder Jhonathan Florez dies in a BASE jumping training accident at Engelberg, Switzerland.[274]
  • With André Borschberg at the controls, Solar Impulse 2 completes the eighth leg of its attempt to become the first solar-powered aircraft to fly around the world, landing at Kalaeloa Airport in Kalaeloa, Hawaii, outside Honolulu, after a nonstop, solo flight from Nagoya Airfield in Nagoya, Japan. The flight lasts 117 hours 52 minutes, covers 7,212 kilometers (4,478.6 miles) at an average ground speed of 61.19 kilometers per hour (38.99 miles per hour), and reaches a maximum altitude of 8,634 meters (28,326 feet).[259][260] The flight sets new world records for non-stop distance and flight duration by a manned, solar-powered aircraft. Borschberg also sets a new world duration record for an unrefueled solo airplane flight, breaking the previous record of 76 hours 43 minutes set by Steve Fossett in January 2006 during a flight in a single-seat jet.[275]
4 July
4–5 July (overnight)
  • At least 16 airstrikes by the U.S.-led coalition hit Islamic State targets in Raqqa, Syria, in what the coalition describes as "one of the largest deliberate engagements we have conducted to date in Syria." The Islamic State claims that the strikes killed 10 people and wounded 10 others.[278]
5 July
6 July
  • An Iraqi Air Force Sukhoi Su-25 (NATO reporting name "Frogfoot") returning from a raid against Islamic State forces in Iraq's Al Anbar Governorate with a bomb on board that had failed to drop accidentally releases the bomb over a residential area of Baghdad, killing at least eight people on the ground. Some reports place the death toll at 12.[282] Later reports place the casualty figures at 76 dead and 38 injured in two airstrikes on markets during the day.[283]
  • A large airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition targeting rebel forces in Yemen strikes a marketplace in Fayoush, a suburb of Aden, killing 45 civilians and wounding 50 others. The strike is one of many during the day that hit targets in Sana'a and elsewhere in nine of Yemen's governorates.[284]
  • A U.S. airstrike in northwestern Syria kills Muhsin al-Fadhli, the leader of the Khorasan Group, as he travels in a ground vehicle.[279]
7 July
8 July
9 July
  • An eruption of Mount Raung in East Java, Indonesia, forces the closure of five airports on Java, Bali, and Lombok through 10 July because of volcanic ash in the atmosphere, greatly disrupting air traffic in the area as flights at the airports are cancelled through late in the day on 10 July. Coming when many Australians travel to Bali on vacation and many Indonesians travel for the Eid al-Fitr holiday, the airport closures strand thousands of travelers.[288]
  • An air-to-ground missile, suspected of being fired from a U.S. unmanned aerial vehicle, kills four members of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula as they ride in a car in Mukalla, Yemen.[289]
10 July
  • A U.S. unmanned aerial vehicle strike in the Achin District of Afghanstan's Nangahar Province kills at least 30 Islamic militants. Although some reports claim the leader of the Islamic State in Afghanistan and Pakistan, Hafiz Saeed Khan, is among the dead,[290] he in fact survives.
  • A United Nations-backed ceasefire of approximately one week – scheduled to end at the conclusion of Ramadan on 17 July – begins at midnight in Yemen to allow the delivery of humanitarian aid to people in need in the country. Within an hour, the ceasefire is broken as fighting breaks out in Taiz and the Saudi-led coalition responds with airstrikes against rebel forces in the area.[289]
  • The U.S.-led coalition conducts 34 airstrikes against Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria, with 17 strikes in each country. Twelve of the strikes in Syria target Islamic State forces around al-Hasakah. In Iraq, four of the strikes hit targets near Mosul, while the other 13 strikes target Islamic States forces in or near seven other cities.[291]
  • The Airbus E-Fan makes a 74-kilometer (46-mile) flight from Lydd, Kent, England, to Calais, France, in approximately 37 minutes, flying at an altitude of around 1,000 meters (3,280 feet), becoming the first twin-engine, all-electric plane to cross the English Channel. The flight is made on the same route as that Louis Bleriot used made when he made the first crossing of the English Channel in an airplane on 25 July 1909, but in the opposite direction.[292]
11 July
  • The Saudi-led coalition conducts airstrikes against rebels in Aden, Sana'a, and Taiz, Yemen. A spokesman for the coalition explains that the coalition had never agreed to honor the one-week United Nations ceasefire imposed on 10 July because the government of deposed Yemeni president Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi had not sent the coalition instructions to honor it.[293]
  • Syrian Arab Army helicopters drop barrel bombs on a residential area and a crowded market in al-Bab, Syria, killing at least 28 people.[291]
11–12 July (overnight)
  • The Saudi-led coalition conducts airstrikes in Yemen's Al Bayda Governorate – killing a family of eight riding in several vehicles – and in Taiz, killing two civilians. A coalition spokesman says that the coalition would not honor the ceasefire begun on 10 July because of a lack of Houthi rebel commitment to it and because no United Nations observers had arrived in Yemen to monitor it.[294]
12 July
  • The U.S.-led coalition conducts 29 airstrikes against 67 Islamic State targets in Ramadi, Iraq, in preparation for a major ground offensive against Islamic State forces in al Anbar Governorate by Iraqi Army forces, Iraqi police, Shiite militias, and local Sunni tribal forces that begins the following day.[295]
  • The Saudi-led coalition conducts airstrikes in several governorates of Yemen. The strikes destroy a conference hall used by Houthi rebels in Sana'a, killing at least 12 people; damage a cement factory in 'Amran Governorate, killing three and wounding 10; and strike rebel targets in Saada Governorate and Lahj Governorate.[296]
13 July
  • An airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition targeting rebel forces in Yemen hits slums in the Sawan neighborhood of Sana'a several hundred meters from a rebel military camp, killing 25 civilians and wounding 50.[297]
14 July 2015
15 July
  • To deter Europeans from travelling to fight for the Islamic State or returning to Europe from the Middle East to conduct terrorist attacks in Europe, the European Parliament passes the "Passenger Name Record" proposal requiring airlines to transfer passenger data such as seat numbers and payment information to law enforcement authorities for flights into and out of the European Union. The proposal must undergo a further period of negotiation with the governments of individual European Union member countries before becoming law.[299]
  • A U.S. unmanned aerial vehicle fires an air-to-ground missile at an al-Shabaab force near Bardhere, Somalia, as it advances toward a joint U.S.-African Union ground force. The strike kills or wounds several al-Shabaab personnel; and senior al-Shabaab commander Ismael Jabhad is among the dead.[300]
  • Twelve days after Solar Impulse 2 arrived at Kalaeola, Hawaii, completing the eighth leg of its attempt to become the first solar-powered aircraft to fly around the world, the Solar Impulse team announces that it will not attempt the ninth leg of the flight until at least April 2016 due to irreversible battery damage caused by overheating during the first day of its flight to Hawaii from Nagoya, Japan. In the meantime, the team will store Solar Impulse 2 in a University of Hawaii hangar at Kalaeloa Airport in Kalaeloa while it makes repairs to the aircraft and researches and tests new cooling methods to prevent a recurrence of the damage.[301]
16 July
  • Airstrikes by the U.S.-led coalition support a drive by Kurdish forces that besieges Islamic State forces in al-Hasakah, Syria.[302]
18 July
19 July
  • Aircraft of the U.S.-led coalition drop leaflets over Islamic State-held Raqqa, Syria, which serves as the de facto capital of the Islamic State. The leaflets promise that "freedom will come" to the area.[304]
20 July
21 July
  • FedEx, the world's largest air cargo carrier, announces that it will buy 3,000,000 U.S. gallons (2,497,751 imperial gallons; 11,355,000 liters) of biofuels per year from Red Rock Biofuels beginning in 2017. Although it is only a fraction of the 90,000,000 U.S. gallons (74,932,530 imperial gallons; 340,650,000 liters) of jet fuel that FedEx uses each year, FedEx says that it is a first step toward its goal of using alternative fuels for 30 percent of its jet fuel by 2030. Southwest Airlines, the largest domestic air carrier in the United States, had signed a biofuel deal with Red Rock Biofuels in 2014.[306]
22 July
23 July
  • Significant fighting erupts between Islamic State and Turkish military forces for the first time as they exchange gun and artillery fire near the Kilis border crossing on the Turkey-Syria border. The Turkish Air Force scrambles four F-16 Fighting Falcons to the area to support Turkish ground troops.[308]
  • In a major reversal of policy, the Government of Turkey announces that it will allow the United States to use Incirlik Air Base in Turkey as a base for airstrikes against the Islamic State in Syria; previously, it had allowed U.S. aircraft to use Incirlik as a base only for surveillance flights over Syria. Basing at Incirlik will allow U.S. aircraft to move more quickly and efficiently against Islamic State targets in northwestern Syria.[308]
  • Aircraft of the Saudi-led coalition carry out airstrikes in Dar Saad, Yemen, north of Aden.
  • Allegiant Air Flight 426, a McDonnell Douglas MD-80 with 144 people on board flying from McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada, arrives over its destination, Hector International Airport in Fargo, North Dakota, low on fuel and finds the airport temporarily closed for training by the United States Navy Blue Angels flight demonstration squadron. After a discussion between the pilot and tower about how Allegiant Air should have known about the closure and options for Flight 426 to circle or divert to another airport, the Allegiant Air pilot announces that he has insufficient fuel for either option, declares a fuel emergency, and lands safely at Hector International.[309]
24 July
  • Aircraft of the Saudi-led coalition target Houthi and other rebel positions in Yemen as ground fighting rages in Marib Governorate, Taiz, and north of Aden. In Taiz Governorate, dozens of the airstrikes hit a residential area of Mokha, flattening many homes, starting a large fire, and killing at least 80 civilians and injuring at least another 150.[310][311]
  • Turkish Air Force jets bomb Islamic State targets in Syria for the first time, as three Turkish F-16 Fighting Falcons conduct early-morning strikes on two Islamic State headquarters and a gathering of Islamic State combat personnel. The strikes come two days after Islamic State forces fatally shot a Turkish soldier along the Turkey-Syria border.[312]
  • The United States Department of Transportation announces that it has begun an investigation into possible price gouging by American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, JetBlue, Southwest Airlines, and United Airlines during a disruption of passenger rail service in the northeastern United States after the fatal derailment of an Amtrak passenger train on 12 May. The investigation covers flights at 11 airports located between Boston, Massachusetts, and Washington, D.C., including six of the busiest airports in the United States. The Department of Transportation says that it is its first such investigation in at least 12 years and that it may even be unprecedented.[313]
24–25 July (overnight)
  • Turkish Air Force jets attack both Islamic State targets in Syria and weapons depots and camps of the Kurdistan Workers Party (KPP) in Iraqi Kurdistan. The strikes against the PKK end a two-year ceasefire between Turkey and the PKK, which the Turksh government declares null and void after repeated PKK violations.[314]
25 July
  • The Saudi-led coalition announces that it will begin a five-day ceasefire in Yemen at 23:59 Yemen time on 26 July, although it reserves the right to respond with force to rebel violations of the ceasefire. Deposed President of Yemen Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi had requested the ceasefire to allow humanitarian aid to reach people in Yemen.[311]
27 July
  • On the second full day of the Saudi-led coalition's five-day humanitarian ceasefire in Yemen, the coalition conducts airstrikes near al-Anad Air Base in Yemen's Lahj Governorate and north of Aden in response to ground fighting that had broken out within minutes of the ceasefire taking effect. Two of the airstrikes around al-Anad mistakenly kill 15 troops allied with the coalition.[315]
28 July
  • Turkish Air Force jets bomb Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) positions in Turkey's Şırnak Province in after PKK forces fire on Turkish ground troops there.[316]
29 July
30 July
  • Facebook announces that it will begin testing the full-size version of its Aquila unmanned aerial vehicle later in the year. The 1,000-pound (454-kg) aircraft has a wingspan of 140 feet (42.7 meters) and is designed to fly for up to 90 days at an altitude of up to 90,000 feet (27,432 meters) and use laser optics to bring Internet connectivity to parts of the world where conventional connectivity is impractical.[320][321]
31 July
  • U.S. aircraft strike Jabhat al-Nusra forces in Syria ins response to a Jabhat-al-Nusra attack against Divisio 30, a U.S.-trained Syrian opposition group. It is the first time U.S. aircraft have conducted an airstrike in Syria to protect forces the United States has trained.[322]
  • An Embraer Phenom 300 (registration HZ-IBN) crashes into a car auction warehouse while attempting to land at Blackbushe Airport in Yateley, Hampshire, England after a flight from Milan–Malpensa Airport in Milan, Italy, and catches fire. The crash leaves all four occupants of the aircraft dead[323] and destroys a number of cars.
  • A Colombian Air Force CASA CN-235 carrying Colombian military personnel suffers engine failure and crashes at Codazzi, Colombia, killing all 11 people on board.[324]
  • The United States Marine Corps announces that the F-35B Lightning II, its version of the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter, is combat ready and "ready for worldwide deployment." It is the first version of the F-35 to become operational.[325]
  • Over Ottawa, Illinois, during Skydive Chicago, an international team of 164 skydivers jumping from seven planes at an altitude of 19,700 feet (6,005 meters) and travelling head-down at speeds of up to 240 mph (386 km/hr) form a flower-shaped formation for a few seconds. They set a new world record for the largest formation skydive, breaking the previous record set by a team of 138 skydivers in 2012. It was the team's 13th attempt to break the 2012 record.[326]

August

3 August
4 August
5 August
6 August
11 August
12 August
15 August
16 August
17 August
  • Pakistani airstrikes in North Waziristan destroy an ammunition cache and kill 50 Islamic militants. Additional airstrikes in the Khyber Agency kill another 15 militants.[349]
  • French authorities call off an unsuccessful 10-day search employing a plane, helicopters, and a ship covering a 4,000-square-mile (10,360-square-kilometer) area of the Indian Ocean in Réunion's coastal waters and along Réunion's beaches looking for additional debris from Malaysian Airlines Flight 370.[350]
18 August
20 August
  • Two Let L-410 Turbolet aircraft carrying parachutists rehearsing for a nearby air show collide over Červený Kameň, Slovakia, at an altitude of about 5,000 feet (1,500 meters) and crash. The accident kills seven people – two crewmembers aboard each plane and three parachutists aboard one of them – but the other 31 people aboard the two planes parachute to safety. Five of them are treated for injuries. One of the dead crew members is former Slovak ice hockey player Michal Česnek.
20–21 August
  • After four rockets are fired from Syrian territory into northern Israel on 20 August, Israeli Air Force aircraft join Israeli Defense Forces artillery in striking more than a dozen military installations in southern Syria over the course of two days. An Israeli airstrike on the morning of 21 August strikes a ground vehicle 10 miles (16 km) inside Syria, killing five people riding in it that Israel claims were members of an Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine rocket-launch crew.[352]
  • A wave of airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition targeting rebel forces during heavy fighting in Taiz, Yemen, over the course of two days beginning on 20 August kill as many as 65 people.[353]
21 August
22 August
23 August
  • Thomson Airways Flight 476, an airliner with 189 passengers aboard approaching Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, at the end of a flight from London Stansted Airport, takes evasive action to avoid a missile traveling toward it; the missile misses the airliner by about 1,000 feet (300 meters), and the plane lands safely. An investigation concludes that the missile – also witnessed by another Thomson Airways plane approaching Sharm el-Sheikh – was an Egyptian armed forces missile that had strayed from a military exercise. The aircraft's passengers are not informed of the incident, and the press does not report it until 6 November.[357]
26 August
27 August
  • In response to the Taliban's seizure of the Musa Qala District in Afghanistan's Helmand Province the previous day, U.S. aircraft conduct multiple strikes against Taliban forces in the district. Over a dozen U.S airstrikes have taken place in the district between 25 and 27 August.[360]
30 August
  • The Saudi-led coalition conducts an airstrike against a building in Yemen's Hajjah Governorate, killing 36 people. Local residents claim the dead were civilians working in a bottling plant, but the coalition responds that the raid killed people at a site the Houthi rebels use to make improvised explosive devices and train recruits.[361]
  • Aircraft of the Saudi-led coalition strike a house near a military base in Sana'a, Yemen, killing four people.[361]
31 August

September

1 September
3 September
5 September
6 September
7 September
8 September
9 September
  • Aircraft of the Saudi-led coalition strike targets in Sana'a, Yemen, reportedly killing six civilians and wounding ten.[374]
13 September
  • After a convoy of four Egyptian tour company vehicles carrying Mexican tourists stops to hold a barbecue near the Bahariya Oasis in Egypt's Western Desert, Egyptian security forces mistake the group of 22 people for Islamic militants. An Egyptian airplane and helicopters attack the tour group, and Egyptian ground forces fire on its members as they try to flee. The attack kills eight Mexicans and four Egyptians and injures eight Mexicans and two Egyptians.[379]
  • Colombia claims that two Venezuelan Air Force jets violated its airspace on 12 September, claiming that they flew nearly 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) into Colombia and passing over two military bases.[380]
14 September
  • President of France François Hollande announces that France will begin airstrikes against the Islamic State in Syria. It previously had limited its airstrikes to Islamic State targets in Iraq.[381]
  • During a qualifying race at the National Championship Air Races at Reno Stead Airport in Reno, Nevada, Tom Aberle sets a new biplane speed record, reaching 284.454 miles per hour (485.058 km/hr) in his custom biplane Phantom.[382][383]
15 September
16 September
18 September
18–19 September (overnight)
  • Turkish Air Force jets strike Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) camps in northern Iraq, killing at least 55 PKK members.[390]
19 September
21 September
  • An airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition attempting to hit a rebel-controlled building in the al-Hasba neighborhood of Sana'a, Yemen, instead destroys an adjacent house, damaging several other buildings and killing at least 15 people. All the dead are members of the same family.[393]
23 September
25 September
  • The Government of Ukraine announces that it will ban all Russian airlines from landing at airports in Ukraine beginning on 25 October and that it is banning Russian aircraft carrying military personnel or military cargo from flying through Ukrainian airspace. The Government of Russia responds with an announcement that it will retaliate by banning Ukrainian airlines from landing at airports in Russia.[395]
  • Turkish Air Force jets strike Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) camps in the Gara region of northern Iraq. Turkey claims that the raids kill 19 PKK members.[396]
27 September
  • France conducts its first airstrikes in Syria, with six jets destroying an Islamic State training camp near Deir ez-Zor in eastern Syria which the Government of France says posed a threat to France and to Syrian civilians. Previously France had limited its airstrikes to Iraqi territory.[397]
  • Airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition hit arms facilities in several governorates of Yemen, killing 38 Houthi rebels. The Houthis claim that the strikes killed 22 civilians and wounded 13.[398]
28 September
29 September
  • A U.S. airstrike against Taliban forces supports an Afghan government counterattack to drive the Taliban out of Kunduz.[403]
30 September
  • Russia conducts airstrikes in Syria for the first time, targeting rebel forces. Russia claims that the strikes hit Islamic State military vehicles, communications centers, weapons caches, and ammunition and fuel depots and the Assad regime's Syrian Arab News Agency claims that the strikes targeted Islamic State forces around Homs, but United States Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter says that the strikes occurred in areas in which the Islamic State does not have a presence and a Syrian opposition leader reports that the strikes targeted civilians and killed 37 people.[404]

October

1 October
1–2 October (overnight)
  • Russian aircraft strike targets deep in Islamic State territory for the first time, with two strikes by Sukhoi Su-34 (NATO reporting name "Fullback") jets outside of Raqqa, Syria, hitting a training camp and a headquarters.[411]
2 October
3 October
  • A predawn airstrike targeting Taliban forces in Kunduz, Afghanistan, mistakenly hits a Doctors Without Borders hospital, killing at least 42 people.[414] A U.S. Air Force Lockheed AC-130 Spectre firing in support of Afghan troops and United States Army Special Forces is implicated in the strike. The United States armed forces have been striking Taliban forces in and around Kunduz since 29 September.[415][416]
  • While Russian Federation Air Force jets are bombing rebel-held villages in Syria's Latakia Governorate, one of them violates Turkey's airspace. Two Turkish Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons intercept it and escort it back to the Syrian border after it had spent five minutes over Turkey. The Russian government claims that the violation was a mistake due to bad weather, but the North Atlantic Treaty Organization claims that the violation was deliberate.[417][418]
  • The Russian Ministry of Defense announces that Syria-based Russian aircraft have struck 20 targets in Syria over the previous 24 hours; the targets were in Hama and Idlib governorates and outside Raqqa. Russia claims that the strikes targeted the Islamic State and that the four-day-long Russian air campaign in Syria has "significantly decreased the fighting potential" of the Islamic State, causing "panic and desertion in [its] ranks," and that "more than 600 mercenaries have left their positions and are trying to get to Europe," although critics claim that many of the Russian strikes have targeted other Syrian rebels in areas from which the Islamic State was ejected a year-and-a-half earlier. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights claims that the Russian air campaign has killed 39 civilians.[419]
4 October
5 October
6 October
7 October
  • Russian airstrikes support a Syrian government ground attack against rebel forces defending the Syrian town of Kufranboudah.[424] The attack begins the first major air-and-ground offensive by Syrian forces in cooperation with the Russian Federation Air Force since the Russian air campaign in Syria began on 30 September.[425]
  • Members of United States Congress meet with U.S. Federal Aviation Administration officials and experts to discuss ways to avoid collisions with airliners and privately owned unmanned aerial vehicles in the United States. Airline pilot reports of near-collisions with UAVs over the United States have risen to an average of three per day.[426]
8 October
9 October
10 October
  • The Russian Ministry of Defense reports that Syria-based Russian aircraft have flown 64 sorties in the past 24 hours and struck 54 targets in Syria, including rebel command posts in Idlib Governorate and Aleppo Governorate.[425] The Syrian Observatory for Human Right reports that Russian warplanes have struck a headquarters of the Ahrar ash-Sham Islamist-Salafist group in Saraqib, Syria.[425]
  • The state-run Syrian Arab News Agency claims that two F-16 Fighting Falcons of the U.S.-led coalition have violated Syrian airspace and bombed civilian infrastructure in Aleppo.[425]
  • U.S. and Russian defense officials hold a 90-minute secure videoconference to discuss steps to "promote safe flight operations over Syria."[425]
11 October
  • A Royal Air Force Westland Puma HC Mark 2 helicopter severs the mooring cable of an observation balloon and crashes while attempting to land at the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Resolute Support Mission in Kabul, Afghanistan, killing five people and injuring five others.[429]
  • In response to rocket fire from the Gaza Strip targeting Israeli territory, the Israeli Air Force strikes two Hamas weapons manufacturing facilities in the northern Gaza Strip. The Palestinian Authority reports that the strikes cause the roof of a home to collapse, killing two civilians – the first Palestinian civilian deaths in an Israeli airstrike since 2014 – and injuring several other members of the family, and Israel launches an investigation into the reported civilian deaths.[430]
  • A technical problem with Southwest Airlines' online system forces the airline to issue tickets and process passengers manually. By the evening, 450 of Southwest's 3,600 flights scheduled for the day have been delayed. Delays are expected to linger into the following day.[431]
12 October
  • Russian aircraft intensify their strikes against rebel forces in central Syria as Syrian government and rebel ground forces contest control of the village of Kfar Nabudeh. The Russian Ministry of Defense reports that Russian Sukhoi Su-24M (NATO reporting name "Fencer"), Sukhoi Su-25SM (NATO reporting name "Frogfoot"), and Sukhoi Su-34 (NATO reporting name "Fullback") aircraft have struck 53 targets – including command centers, ammunition depots, fuel depots, and training camps – in Hama Governorate, Homs Governorate, Idlib Governorate, and Latakia Governorate over the past 24 hours, alleging that they were all Islamic State facilities.[432] Russian aircraft have flown 250 combat sorties in Syria since the Russian air campaign there began on 30 September.[433]
  • The first 90 of a planned 300 U.S. military personnel arrive in Cameroon set up a base for unmanned aerial vehicles, which will fly reconnaissance missions targeting Boko Haram in neighboring Nigeria.[434]
13 October
  • The U.S. military announces that U.S. and Afghan forces have completed a major, week-long air and ground operation to dismantle al-Qaeda operations in Afghanistan's Shorabak District, with U.S. aircraft conducting 63 strikes during the operation.[435]
  • President of Russia Vladimir Putin says that in response to U.S. criticism that the Russian air campaign in Syria is targeting moderate rebels rather than only Islamic State targets as Russia claims, he has asked the United States to provide examples of targets it considers legitimate and for information on targets it does not want Russia to hit, but has received no response.[436]
  • The Dutch Safety Board releases its report on the crash of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 in July 2014, in which it concludes that a Russian-made Buk surface-to-air missile brought the Boeing 777 down, blowing its cockpit off and causing it to break up in mid-air over Ukraine before crashing. It adds that the aircraft should not have flown over the war zone in eastern Ukraine, but also notes that 160 other aircraft did so safely on the day Flight 17 was shot down. Although the report does not attempt to determine who shot the airliner down, the Russian government dismisses it as biased and the result of "political orders" to reach the conclusion that it did.[437]
  • Two Jetpack Dubai pilots – Yves Rossy and Vince Reffet – wearing jet packs deploy from a helicopter flying at 5,500 feet (1,676 meters) and fly in formation with an Emirates Airbus A380 flying at an altitude of 4,000 feet (1,219 meters) above Dubai, flying one on either side and both on one side of the airliner before breaking away after about ten minutes.[438][439] Their flight is documented by helmet-mounted cameras they are wearing and third-party videos showing the pair soaring and diving around the airliner; the videos will be released in early November 2015.[440][441][442][443]
14 October
15 October
16 October
  • Turkish Air Force jets shoot down an unidentified unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) near Deliosman in Turkey's Kilis Province after it flies nearly two miles (3.2 km) into Turkish territory from Syria. Both the Syrian government and Russia deny that the UAV is theirs.[452]
  • According to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, there have been 5,352 incidents of lasers striking aircraft flying over the United States since the beginning of the year, an increase from 3,894 during all of 2014 and 283 in all of 2005.[453]
17 October
  • An Airbus A321 operating as US Airways Flight 1939 – commemorating the year of the airline's founding – lands before dawn at the airline's hub in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, completing a journey begun from Philadelphia on 16 October that stopped at all of US Airways' other hubs – at Charlotte, North Carolina; Phoenix, Arizona; and San Francisco, California. When it lands, the 76-year history of US Airways – which earlier had done business as All American Aviation, Allegheny Airlines, and USAir – comes to an end as it completes its merger with American Airlines. The merger leaves the United States with just four major domestic airlines – American, Delta Air Lines, Southwest Airlines, and United Airlines – down from ten in 2001; the four control 87 percent of the U.S. domestic market.[454]
  • An airstrike in Yemen's Taiz Governorate by the Saudi-led coalition mistakenly hits an encampment of pro-government forces allied with the coalition, killing at least 20 and injuring another 20; the pro-government forces had just taken the encampment from Houthi rebels. Other airstrikes in Jawf Governorate kill 13 Houthis.[455]
  • Jumping from 13,500 feet (4,115 meters) over Perris Valley Airport in Perris, California, an international team of wingsuit jumpers set a new world formation record, with 61 people forming a diamond formation. The formation travels about two miles (3.2 km) before landing.[456]
19 October
  • Russian aircraft strike the First Coastal Division rebel group in Syria for the third time since the Russian air campaign began on 30 September, hitting its headquarters in Jabal Akrad. According to the First Coastal Division, the strike kills five of its members, including its chief of staff, Basil Zamo, as well as 15 civilians.[457]
  • The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) announces that it will begin to require the registration of privately owned recreational unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with the United States Department of Transportation. United States Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx announces that the FAA and Department of Transportation will set up a task force of U.S. government officials and industry representatives to make recommendations on a registion system by 20 November, with the United States Government hoping to have the system in place and functioning by 25 December. American hobbyists are projected to purchase 700,000 UAVs during 2015, up 63 percent from 2014.[458]
20 October
  • The U.S. Department of Defense announces that the United States and Russia have signed an aviation safety agreement to keep their aircraft operating over Syria far enough apart to avoid hostile interactions and to ensure that they can communicate with one another if they approach one another too closely. Russian and U.S. aircraft come within 1,500 feet (457 meters) of one another over Syria. The agreement makes no provision for cooperation between the U.S. and Russia in targeting or other aspects of their air campaigns in Syria.[459]
  • Lockheed Martin reports that robust sales of its F-35 Lightning II fighter have boosted its third-quarter financial results.[460]
21 October
  • Airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition targeting Houthi rebels combined with indiscriminate shelling by artillery kill at least 20 people and wound 140 in Taiz, Yemen.[461]
22 October
23 October
  • Talks in Brussels, Belgium, between Russia and Ukraine to avert a ban of each other's airliners from their airports scheduled to take effect on 25 October end unsuccessfully, setting the stage for a halt to direct air travel between the two countries.[462]
25 October
  • Ukraine bans Russian airliners from its airports, and Russia retaliates by banning Ukrainian airliners from its airports. The ban effectively ends direct air travel between the two countries,[462][463] adversely affecting an estimated 700,000 travelers annually.[464]
  • The bankrupt Russian airline Transaero goes out of business.
27 October
28 October
  • A 74-meter (243-foot) unmanned United States Army aerostat making up part of the Joint Land-Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System (JLENS) breaks loose from its tether at Aberdeen, Maryland, and drifts over Pennsylvania, shadowed by two U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon fighters. After several hours, in comes to earth in a ravine in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, but not before dragging its 6,000-foot (1,829-meter)-long heavy tether across the ground in the county for 20 miles (32 km), causing damage to electric lines and utility poles that cuts electric power to 35,000 people and forces the cancellation of classes at Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania. The following day, Pennsylvania State Police troopers fire about 100 shotgun blasts at the aerostat to deflate it.[469][470]
29 October
30 October
31 October

November

1 November
2 November
3 November
4 November
5 November
6 November
  • President of Russia Vladimir Putin halts all Russian airline flights between Russia and Egypt and orders the Russian government to take steps to ensure that the estimated 45,000 Russians vacationing in Russia are returned safely to Russia. More than 25 flights a day had traveled between Russia and Egypt prior to the flight ban.[490]
  • Working with British Airways, EasyJet, Monarch Airlines, Thomas Cook Airlines, and Thomson Airways, British authorities begin the evacuation of approximately 20,000 British citizens stranded in Sharm el-Sheikh, controversially requiring them to leave all checked luggage – about 120 tons of it – behind to undergo extensive security screening before being shipped to them at home. On the first day, only eight of an originally scheduled 29 flights depart Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport for the United Kingdom, carrying about 4,000 people.[490]
  • The U.S. Department of Homeland Security announces that it will enhance the security of airline flights between the Middle East and the United States, using unspecified measures.[490]
  • The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) informs the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) that it has rejected the NTSB′S April 2014 recommendation that the FAA establish licensing requirements and safety standards for commercial balloon tour operators and make them subject to FAA safety inspections, regulating them in a manner similar to the way it regulates commercial airplane and helicopter tour operators. The FAA argues that such regulation is unnecessary, explaining that "Since the amount of ballooning is so low, the FAA believes the risk to all pilots and participants is also low given that ballooners understand the risks and general hazards associated with this activity." In March 2016, the NTSB will inform the FAA that it finds this response unacceptable and that its recommendation remains open.[491][492][493][494]
  • Boeing announces that it has filed a protest over the October United States Department of Defense award of a contract to build the United States Air Force's Long-Range Strike Bomber to Northrop Grumman, claiming there were irregularities in the selection process.[495]
7 November
  • Fifty-one Russian aircraft fly about 11,000 Russian tourists home from Sharm El-Sheikh and Hurghada, Egypt, as an airlift of Russian citizens stranded in Egypt begins. They are required to leave their checked baggage behind in Egypt for special screening and later shipment to Russia by cargo aircraft.[496]
8 November
9 November
  • Russian Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich announces that 25,000 Russians have been airlifted home from Egypt since 7 November, and that he expects it to take about two weeks to fly all remaining Russians in Egypt home. The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations reports that during the day four Russian cargo planes have transported 130 tons of luggage to Russia that Russian tourists had left behind in Egypt for special security screening.[496]
10 November
11 November
12 November
13 November
  • Two United States Air Force F-15 Eagles strike a building containing several people in a compound outside Derna, Libya. The strike is believed to have killed Abu Nabil al-Anbari, the leader of the Islamic State affiliate in Libya. It is the first time that the United States has struck an Islamic State target outside of Iraq and Syria.[504] The United States Department of Defense will confirm his death on 7 December.[505]
  • The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations reports that 480 tons of luggage left behind in Egypt by Russian tourists for additional security screening since the crash of Metrojet Flight 9268 has been flown to Moscow for delivery to its owners.[506]
14 November
15 November
  • Two days after major Islamic State terrorist attacks in Paris which French President François Hollande describes as an "act of war," 12 French Air Force planes including 10 fighter aircraft take off from airfields in Jordan and the United Arab Emirates and drop at least 30 bombs on Islamic State targets in Raqqa, Syria, hitting a command center, a recruitment and training center, an ammunition storage depot, and a training camp. Among the targets is a museum, medical facilities, and the city's sports stadium, which the Islamic State uses as its headquarters and as a prison. The French strikes knock out electrical power in the city of about 200,000 people.[509][510]
16 November
  • The United States makes its first attack against the fleet of trucks the Islamic State uses to smuggle oil to finance itself when six United States Air Force aircraft – two AC-130 Spectres and four A-10 Thunderbolt IIs – based in Turkey attack a truck assembly area near Deir ez-Zor, Syria. The A-10s drop two dozen 500-pound (227-kg) bombs and strafe the trucks with 30-millimeter Gatling guns, while the AC-130s fire both 30-millimeter Gatling guns and 105-millimeter M102 howitzers, combining to destroy 116 of the 295 trucks in the assembly area. To reduce the number of civilian casualties, two U.S. Air Force F-15 Eagles fly over the area about an hour before the strike dropping leaflets warning the truck drivers to abandon their trucks and take cover, followed by strafing runs to reinforce the point. The attack is part of Operation Tidal Wave II, a new campaign to destroy the Islamic State's oil distribution network.[511]
  • Russian aircraft support a Syrian Arab Army offensive against rebel forces in Syria's Aleppo Governorate.[512]
  • Rosturizm reports that Russian aircraft have evacuated 70,000 Russians from Egypt and flown them back to Russia since the crash of Metrojet Flight 9268 and that 5,000 remain in Egypt, about 3,000 in Hurghada and about 2,000 in Sharm El-Sheikh.[506]
  • The Deputy Director of Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB), Oleg Syromolotov, announces that Russia thwarted a plot by female suicide bombers prior to the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi to bring explosives on board an airliner in hand cream.[513]
  • Prime Minister David Cameron announces that the United Kingdom will double its spending on aviation security.[514]
17 November
  • The Government of Japan files lawsuit seeking an injunction to overturn the local government of Okinawa's cancellation of a previously issued approval for land reclamation work for the relocation of a U.S. airbase from U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Ginowan, outside Naha, to a less-populated part of the island at Camp Schwab in Nago.[515]
  • The director of the Russian Federal Security Service, Alexander Bortnikov, announces that an improvised explosive device containing 1.5 kilograms (3.3 pounds) of explosive with the explosive power of about one kilogram (2.2 pounds) of TNT detonated aboard Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October, causing the airliner to break apart and crash, saying "We can say conclusively that this was a terrorist act." The Government of Russia offers a $50,000,000 reward for information about the attack, and President of Russia Vladimir Putin says that Russia would invoking its right to self-defense under the United Nations Charter and orders the Russian armed forces to intensify their air campaign in Syria where Russian aircraft conduct a "significant number of strikes" in the vicinity of Raqqa during the day.[516][517][518]
  • Russian Federation Air Force Tupolev Tu-22M (NATO reporting name "Backfire"), Tupolev Tu-95 (NATO reporting name "Bear"), and Tupolev Tu-160 (NATO reporting name "Blackjack") aircraft flying from bases in Russia strike Islamic State targets in Raqqa, Syria. The Tu-22Ms drop bombs, while the Tu-95s and Tu-160s launch 34 land-attack cruise missiles.[518]
  • Russian military helicopters fly in personnel to Sadad, Syria, assist the Gozarto Protection Force, a Assyrian Christian militia, in fighting the Islamic State in the town.[518]
  • Ten French Air Force aircraft – Mirage 2000 and Dassault Rafale fighters – bomb Islamic State targets – including a command post and a recruitment center – in Raqqa early in the day, and the French Navy aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle departs Toulon to deploy for operations targeting the Islamic State. The French Minister of Defense, Jean-Yves Le Drian, announces that when Charles de Gaulle arrives on station, France's force of fighter aircraft within range of the Islamic State will rise to 36 aircraft.[518][519][520]
  • The United States has conducted 8,253 airstrikes against Islamic State targets since U.S.-led coalition began its air campaign against the Islamic State in August 2014, accounting for 95 percent of the coalition's strikes.[518]
  • Reuters reports that the Government of Egypt is detaining 17 people in connection with the destruction of Metrojet Flight 9268, including two employees of Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport suspected of helping terrorists plant a bomb on the plane, although Egypt's Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Civil Aviation deny it.[516][517]
18 November
19 November
  • The United States has conducted more than 3,768 airstrikes in Iraq, with the tempo of strikes increasing.[523]
21 November
23 November
  • The search for Malaysian Airlines Flight 370, a Boeing 777 missing since March 2014, shifts to a remote part of the Indian Ocean southwest of Australia where an experienced British Boeing 777 captain, Simon Hardy, estimates that it may have made a controlled water landing and sunk largely intact. The Australian Transport Safety Bureau reports that the shift is occurring because of improved Southern Hemisphere spring weather in a 120,000-square-kilometer (46,000-square-mile) priority search area rather than because of Hardy's analysis. Although a flaperon from Flight 370 found in July 2015 washed up on a beach on Réunion was from Flight 370, the search for Flight 370 on the Indian Ocean floor, taking place more than 1,800 kilometers (1,100 miles) off the Australian coast since October 2014, has covered 70,000 square kilometers (27,000 square miles) without finding any trace of the airliner.[524]
  • Dozens of Russian airstrikes support an offensive by Syrian government troops that captures the Syrian towns of Mahin and Hawwarin in western Homs Governorate from Islamic State forces.[525]
  • Russian missile strikes against Islamic State targets in Syria disrupt civilian air traffic in the area, with airports in northern Iraq closed for a second straight day and aircraft arriving at or departing from Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport in Beirut, Lebanon, routed around a Russian-declared exclusion zone over the northeastern Mediterranean Sea.[525]
  • Blue Origin's New Shepard space vehicle achieves a milestone in an unmanned test flight when it is launched to an altitude of 329,839 feet (100,536 meters) over West Texas, where its crew capsule and rocket booster separate. While the capsule descends to earth by parachute, the rocket booster descends separately, passing through 119-mph (192 km/hr) high-altitude crosswinds and navigating its way to a point 5,000 feet (1,524 meters) above its landing pad, fires its rocket engine to slow itself to 4.4 mph (7 km/hr), and touches down on the pad just 4.5 feet (1.4 meters) off center. The landing is considered a major step forward in the development of a fully reusable rocket booster that will allow cheap space travel.[526]
24 November
  • Two Turkish Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons shoot down a Syria-based Russian Federation Air Force Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name "Fencer") flying at an altitude of 6,000 meters (19,685 feet) which Turkey claims violated its airspace and did not respond to ten warnings ordering it to leave. It is the first time that an aircraft of a NATO member country has shot down an aircraft of the Soviet Union or Russia since a dogfight between United States Navy and Soviet aircraft in November 1952 during the Korean War.[527] Russia denies that the Su-24 was flying in Turkish airspace and claims that antiaircraft artillery shot it down while it was flying over Syria. Both crew members eject from the Su-24; Russia claims that Syrian rebels fire at the pilot in his parachute while he drifts to earth and kill him, while the navigator escapes. The plane itself crashes in Syria's Turkmen Bayırbucak region, where two Russian helicopters are sent to search for its two-man crew. One of them, a Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name "Hip") is forced to crash-land in neutral territory after coming under heavy ground fire from Syrian rebels, who hit it with an anti-tank guided missile, and one man on board – a naval infantryman – is killed; the rest of its crew is rescued.[528][529]
  • Since its intervention in Syria began on 30 September, Russia has conducted over 4,000 airstrikes in Syria, where it has based at least 32 fixed-wing aircraft – including 12 Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name "Fencer"), 12 Sukhoi Su-25 (NATO reporting name "Frogfoot") and four Sukhoi Su-34 (NATO reporting name "Fullback") strike aircraft and four Sukhoi Su-30 (NATO reporting name "Flanker-C") fighters – and 16 helicopters at Khmeimim Air Base near Latakia.[528]
25 November
  • In the aftermath of Turkey shooting down one of its Syria-based Su-24s the previous day, Russia says that it will take new measures to protect its aircraft operating in Syria, including the deployment of S-400 (NATO reporting name "SA-21 Growler") surface-to-air missile systems to Khmeimim Air Base in Syria. The S-400s, with a range of 250 miles (403 km) will be only 20 miles (32 km) from the Turkish border.[529]
  • After Russia cuts off all deliveries of natural gas to Ukraine, Ukraine retaliates by banning Russian airliners from flying in its airspace. The Ukrainian ban expands upon a 25 October Ukrainian prohibition of Russian airliners landing at Ukrainian airports.[530]
  • The commander of the Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan, General John F. Campbell, announces that a mistaken U.S. Air Force AC-130 Spectre strike against a Doctors Without Borders hospital in Kunduz on 3 October resulted from errors made by the aircrew and United States Army Special Forces personnel on the ground, who mistook the hospital for a Taliban-held building several hundred yards (meters) away due to fatigue and a high operating tempo. He also announces that several American military personnel have been suspended over the incident and may face additional disciplinary measures.[531]
27 November
28 November
  • President of Russia Vladimir Putin signs sweeping economic sanctions against Turkey into law in retaliation for Turkey shooting down a Russian Federation Air Force Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name "Fencer") on 24 November. Included in the sanctions is a ban on air charter flights from Russia to Turkey.[533]
29 November
  • Strikes by jet aircraft, presumed to be Russian, on rebel-held Ariha, Syria, hit a busy market, killing at least 18 people and injuring dozens; one report puts the death toll at 40 and the number of injured at over 70. It is one of the deadliest airstrikes since the Russian air campaign in Syria began on 30 September.[534]
  • Israel's Minister of Defense, Moshe Ya'alon, announces that a Syria-based Russian military jet had recently mistakenly violated Israeli airspace, flying about one mile (1.6 km) into Israel, but the Israel Defense Force had not shot it down and it had returned to Syrian airspace after being contacted by Israeli forces.[535]
  • The last Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, intended for delivery to the United Arab Emirates Air Force in 2017, takes off from the Boeing assembly plant at Long Beach, California, conducting a flyover of the facility before departing. Boeing, which delivered the U.S. Air Force's last C-17 in September 2013, plans to close the Long Beach plant by the end of 2015 – except for small sections left open for one to two more years to provide engineering support for C-17s – because of insufficient foreign orders for the C-17 to justify keeping the assembly line open.[536]
30 November
  • A U.S. Air Force-funded University of Maryland Medical School study published in the Journal of Neurotrauma finds that rapid air evacuation of wounded personnel suffering from traumatic brain injury – previously assumed to have increased their chances of survival and recovery – leads to more inflammation of the brain and could cause more damage. Reduced air pressure in an airborne aircraft's interior is a major reason for the increased inflammation, as is overuse of 100 percent supplemental oxygen in such a lower-pressure environment.[537]

December

  • During the month, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs releases a report that finds that Russian airstrikes against border crossings and highways in Syria used to deliver humanitarian supplies from Turkey – including one instance in which Russian aircraft struck a hub at the Bab al-Salameh border crossing where truck drivers collect humanitarian supplies for Syria three times in five days – have forced humanitarian agencies to reduce or halt aid to Syrian civilians living in areas of conflict between the Government of Syria and rebel forces. The report also states that Russian aircraft have struck 20 medical facilities, 10 bakeries, a grain silo, and a water treatment plant in Syria since the Russian intervention there began on 30 September.[532]
2 December
4 December
6 December
  • Airstrikes against Islamic State positions on the northern and eastern outskirts of Raqqa, Syria, kill at least 15 and perhaps as many as 32 Islamic State personnel and wound another 25 to 40. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights claims that the attacking aircraft were from the U.S.-led coalition, while the Islamic State claims they were Russian planes.[541]
6–7 December (overnight)
  • Four jet aircraft fire nine rockets at Syrian Arab Army positions in Ayyash in Syria's Deir ez-Zor Governorate, destroying three armored vehicles, four other military vehicles, two heavy machine guns, and an arms depot and killing three Syrian soldiers and wounding 13. On 7 December, the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs blames the attack on the U.S.-led coalition, the first time it has claimed that the coalition has attacked its forces since the coalition's air campaign in Syria began 14 months earlier. A U.S. military spokesman replies the same day that no coalition airstrikes took place in the area, and that Russian aircraft struck the Syrian troops.[542]
  • Aircraft of the U.S.-led coalition strike Islamic State oil wells in Syria's Deir ez-Zor Governorate, at least 34 miles (55 km) from the site of the strike on Syrian troops at Ayyash.[542]
7 December
  • Unidentified aircraft strike the Sukkari neighborhood of rebel-held Aleppo, Syria, killing eight civilians. Rebel activists claim the aircraft were either Syrian or Russian.[542]
  • A U.S. airstrike in Raqqa, Syria, kills Islamic State external operations leader Rawand Dilsher Taher. The U.S. Department of Defense will announce the strike on 29 December.[543]
  • A U.S. airstrike in Hawija, Iraq, kills Khalil Ahmad Ali al-Wais, also known as Abu Wadhah, the Islamic State emir in Iraq's Kirkuk Governorate. The U.S. Department of Defense will announce the strike on 29 December.[543]
8 December
9 December
  • A U.S. airstrike in Mosul, Iraq, kills Yunish Khalash, also known as Abu Jawdat, the Islamic State's deputy financial amir in Mosul. The U.S. Department of Defense will announce the strike on 29 December.[543]
  • A U.S. airstrike in Hawija, Iraq, kills Mithaq Najim, the Islamic State's deputy emir in Iraq's Kirkuk Governorate. The U.S. Department of Defense will announce the strike on 29 December.[543]
  • Devastating Syrian government airstrikes against rebels hit Hamouria, Syria, reportedly killing 11 civilians.[547]
10 December
  • A U.S. airstrike near Raqqa, Syria, kills Siful Haque Sujan, a Islamic State external operations planner. The U.S. Department of Defense will announce the strike on 29 December.[543]
11 December
  • Firefighters respond within minutes when an Air China Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Fuzhou Changle International Airport in Fuzhou, China, reports sparks coming from one of its engines, but mistakenly douse a Fuzhou Airlines Boeing 737-800 instead when they see exhaust fumes emerging from its engines. The incident delays 30 flights at the airport; the Fuzhou Airlines plane the firefighters foamed is delayed 10 hours while undergoing a post-incident safety check.[548]
12 December
  • A U.S. airstrike near Tal Afar, Iraq, kills Akram Muhammad Sa’ad Faris, also known as Akram Aabu, an Islamic State commander and executioner. The U.S. Department of Defense will announce the strike on 29 December.[543]
13 December
  • Rebel forces in Eastern Ghouta, Syria, fire more than 40 mortar rounds into Damascus, killing three people and wounding 33, and Syrian government forces respond with airstrikes against Douma and Saqba, both part of Eastern Ghouta, which kill least 45 – and perhaps as many as 49 – people.[549][550]
14 December
16 December
  • After rebel forces violate a seven-day ceasefire in Yemen on its first day, the Saudi-led coalition responds with airstrikes against rebels in Taiz and in the Sirwah District of the Ma'rib Governorate.[553]
  • The United States and Cuba agree to allow U.S. airlines to provide scheduled service to Cuba for the first time since the early 1960s, with flights likely to begin sometime between March and June 2016. The agreement also allows the Cuban government airline Cubana de Aviación to provide scheduled service to the United States, although outstanding judgments against Cuba in U.S. courts make Cubana's airliners subject to seizure, meaning that Cubana will have to lease aircraft or share routes to avoid the risk of its aircraft being seized while on the ground in the United States.[554]
16–17 December
  • After the Islamic State launches an offensive against Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga forces in Iraq north and east of Mosul, British, Canadian, French, and U.S. aircraft of the U.S.-led coalition conduct a 17-hour aerial bombardment of the attackers, killing at least 180 Islamic State personnel; peshmerga forces kill additional Islamic State personnel in ground combat. Immediately prior to the beginning of the offensive, an Islamic State unmanned aerial vehicle flies over peshmerga positions, apparently passing targeting information to Islamic State ground forces.[555]
18 December
  • With Iraqi Air Force aircraft unable to support an Iraqi Army offensive against the Islamic State in Iraq south of Fallujah due to weather conditions, the Iraqi armed forces ask the U.S.-led coalition to provide the air support. U.S. aircraft conduct three strikes; two of them hit Islamic State forces, destroying two ground vehicles and four fighting positions. Due to a lack of communication between Iraqi and U.S. forces, however, the third strike hits an area recently overrun by Iraqi forces, killing 10 Iraqi soldiers. It is the first reported "friendly fire" incident in Iraq since the U.S.-led coalition began its air campaign against the Islamic State.[556]
19 December
20 December
  • Russian aircraft conduct nine strikes against rebel-held Idlib, Syria, reportedly hitting a court house and an intelligence building and killing at least 36 people, with one report of 43 dead.[559]
  • Human Rights Watch reports that Syrian government and Russian aircraft have been using cluster munitions that have killed dozens of civilians over the past several weeks.[559]
21 December
  • Minutes after a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launches a payload of 11 satellites from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, into Earth orbit for Orbcomm, the rocket's first stage turns back toward Earth and makes a soft landing at its launching pad at SpaceX Landing Zone 1 at the Air Force station, using its engine thrust to slow itself for the landing. It is the first time in history that a rocket has launched a payload into orbit and then returned safely to the Earth, a capability that promises to lower the cost of space flight dramatically.[560]
  • Mandatory registration with the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration of privately owned unmanned aerial vehicles weighing between 0.5 and 55 pounds (0.23 and 25 kg) begins in the United States. UAVs purchased prior to 21 December must be registered by 19 February 2016, and those purchased on or after 21 December must be registered before their first flight.[561]
22 December
  • The U.S. Department of Defense reports that 56 percent of all aircraft of the U.S.-led coalition operating against Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria are returning from strike missions without having used their weapons, either because of weather or concerns over the possibility of unwarranted civilian casualties. The figure is a reduction from the 75 percent of aircraft reported returning with their weapons a few months earlier, a change officials attribute to better intelligence on the existence and location of targets.[562]
  • The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration announces that Boeing has agreed to pay a $12 million fine to the United States Government and make changes in how it builds commercial aircraft to settle complaints that it had used substandard safety and quality processes, with up to $24 million in additional fines possible if Boeing does not adhere to the agreement through 2020. The agreement settles two enforcement cases and 11 other issues the FAA has brought to Boeing's attention in recent years involving such matters as missing a 2012 deadline to provide airlines with information on how to install devices on Boeing 747s and Boeing 757s to prevent fuel tank explosions and a 2013 complaint that Boeing had used improper fasteners on Boeing 777s and had not taken action to correct the problem over the following two years. It is the second-highest fine ever paid to in an FAA enforcement case and the highest by an aircraft manufacturer.[563]
23 December
24 December
  • Syrian government jets and attack helicopters strike Hamouriyeh, Syria – a rebel-held suburb of Damascus – killing at least 20 people. One report places the death toll at 23, with dozens more injured.[567]
  • A U.S. airstrike in Syria kills terrorist leader Charaffe al Mouadan, who had ties to terrorists involved in 13 November 2015 attacks in Paris. The U.S. Department of Defense will announce the strike on 29 December.[543]
25 December
26 December
  • A U.S. airstrike in Mosul, Iraq, kills Abdel Kader Hakim, an Islamic State external operations leader. The U.S. Department of Defense will announce the strike on 29 December.[543]
27 December
29 December
  • A stolen Civil Air Patrol Cessna 172 Skyhawk crashes into an unoccupied commercial building in downtown Anchorage, Alaska, clipping another building where the pilot′s wife works before crashing. On 1 January 2016, the pilot′s family will claim he committed suicide in the crash and did not intend to harm his wife or anyone else.[571]
30 December
  • Supported by the heaviest Russian aerial bombardment in southern Syria since the Russian air campaign in Syria began on 30 September, Syrian Arab Army troops fight their way into Sheikh Maksin against rebel forces. Rebels report at least 100 air raids targeting them during the previous two days.[572]
  • A South African teenager finds a piece of debris on a beach in Mozambique and takes it home to South Africa. In March 2016, his family will turn the debris in to South African aviation officiaLs, who plan to examine it to see if it is from Malaysian Airlines Flight 370, a Boeing 777 missing since 8 March 2014.[573]
31 December
  • The People's Republic of China confirms that it is constructing a second aircraft carrier for its People's Liberation Army Navy. The Chinese Ministry of National Defense announces that the new carrier will displace 50,000 tons, have a ski jump ramp, and operate Shenyang J-15 fighter aircraft. It will be the first aircraft carrier constructed in China.[574]
  • According to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, there were 764 reports of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs, or "drones") sighted near airplanes in the United States in 2015.[575] An estimated 700,000 UAVs were sold in the United States during the year, raising concerns about the threat they pose to other aircraft when operated improperly.[575]
  • Cuba has seen dramatic growth in commercial airline flights during 2015, with 18 percent more than in 2014 in aviation#2014. Nearly 160,000 U.S. leisure travelers have flown to Cuba during 2015, as have hundreds of thousands of Cuban-Americans visiting family in Cuba, following a thaw in political relations between the United States and Cuba that began in December 2014. Although U.S. law still prohibits tourist travel to Cuba, it permits a dozen other categories of travel, including family visits, official business, journalist visits, professional meetings and educational and religious activities, and the United States Government has relaxed oversight of travel to the point that U.S. travelers are allowed to design their own "people-to-people" cultural exchanges in Cuba that in essence permit leisure travel under the guise of a cultural exchange.[576]

First flights

February

March

April

May

June

July

September

October

November

December

Entered service

Retirements

References

  1. ^ Ryan, Missy, and Erin Cunningham, "U.S. advisers in Iraq stay out of combat but see fighting edging closer," washingtonpost.com, 1 January 2015, 10:44 a.m. EST.
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  13. ^ Perry, Nick, "Volcanic eruption causes cancellation of flights to Tonga," Associated Press, 12 January 2015, 10:18 PM.
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  16. ^ Kedmey, Dan, "Search Crews Locate Missing AirAsia Flight's Fuselage," time.com, 14 January 2015.
  17. ^ Anonymous, "AirAsia plane 'fuselage located' - officials," BBC News, 14 January 2015, 11:29 EST.
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  21. ^ Anonymous, "Drone briefly flies over French presidential palace," Agence France-Presse, 20 January 2015, 20:07. Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ By Roth, Andrew, and Andrew E. Kramer, "Russian-Backed Rebels Claim to Have Control of Strategic Donetsk Airport," New York Times, 16 January 2015.
  23. ^ Naylor, Hugh, "Hezbollah accuses Israel of deadly attack targeting its fighters in southern Syria," washingtonpost.com, 18 January 2015, 5:32 p.m. EST.
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  25. ^ Accident Report at Aviation Safety Net
  26. ^ Demirjian, Karoun, "As fighting deepens in eastern Ukraine, casualties rise and truce is all but dead," washingtonpost.com, 20 January 2015.
  27. ^ Saud, Mehsud, "U.S. drone strike kills four suspected militants in northwest Pakistan: officials," Reuters, 19 January 2015, 4:24 a.m. EST.
  28. ^ Harwell, Drew, "Airlines could slash ticket prices as fuel costs plummet. Here's why they won’t," washingtonpost.com, 20 January 2015.
  29. ^ Accident report at Aviation Safety Network
  30. ^ Valencia, Nick, and Michael Martinez, "Drone carrying drugs crashes south of U.S. border," cnn.com, 23 January 2015, 3:00 PM EST.
  31. ^ Anonymous, "Aden airport shut in solidarity with Yemen president," alarabiya.net, 21 January 2015, 11:02 GMT.
  32. ^ Whitlock, Craig, "Yemen chaos threatens U.S. counterterror efforts, including drone program," washingtonpost.com, 22 January 2015.
  33. ^ Demirjian, Karoun, "Pro-Moscow rebels force Ukraine retreat in battle for key airport stronghold," washingtonpost.com, 22 January 2015.
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  35. ^ "Quirky SkyMall catalogue bankrupt, inflight appeal lost". Toronto Star. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  36. ^ Ferdman, Roberto, "SkyMall, the wacky in-flight catalogue, is filing for bankruptcy. How did it last this long?," washingtonpost.com, 23 January 2015, 12:41 PM EST.
  37. ^ Kaminsky, Jonathan, "U.S. airline flights land in Atlanta after bomb threats," Reuters, 24 January 2015, 11:09 p.m. EST.
  38. ^ Moran, Lee, "Two Eagles hot air balloon team begins trip across Pacific Ocean," nydailynews.com, 26 January 2015, 8:34 AM EST.
  39. ^ Lee, Henry, "Video shows plane using parachute to ditch into ocean near Maui," sfgate.com, 26 January 2015 7:22 PM EST.
  40. ^ Goyer, Robert, "Video: Cirrus SR22 Chute Deployment in Pacific," flyingmag.com, 26 January 2015.
  41. ^ Jackson, David, and Bart Jansen, "Government employee piloted drone that crashed at White House," USA Today, 26 January 2015, 6:30 p.m. EST.
  42. ^ Cooper, Helene, and Mona El-Naggarjan, "U.S. Drone Kills 3 Qaeda Operatives in Yemen, Continuing Policy on Strikes," nytimes.com, 26 January 2015.
  43. ^ Goodman, Al, and Elwyn Lopez,"Greek F-16 crashes in Spain during NATO exercise, killing 11," cnn.com, 27 January 2015, 1015 GMT.
  44. ^ Anonymous, "Greek fighter jet crashes in Spain killing 10 people," bbc.com, 26 January 2015, 18:07 EST Share.
  45. ^ Jones, Rory, Safa M. Majeed, and Ghassan Adnan, "FlyDubai Flight Comes Under Fire at Baghdad Airport," The Wall Street Journal, 27 January 2015, 10:41 a.m. EST.
  46. ^ Thornhill, Ted, "Inches from death: Passenger reveals bullet hole in the side of a flydubai jet which was shot at as it landed at Baghdad airport, injuring a young girl," dailymail.co.uk, 27 January 2015, 12:10 EST.
  47. ^ DeYoung, Karen, "U.S. seeks to capitalize on defeat of Islamic State in Kobane," washingtonpost.com, 27 January 2015, 7:09 p.m. EST.
  48. ^ Salim, Mustafa, and Liz Sly, "Airlines suspend Baghdad flights after shots hit plane," washingtonpost.com, 27 January 2015.
  49. ^ Jones, Charisse, "American Airlines sees record profits," USA Today, 27 January 2015, 1:44 p.m. EST.
  50. ^ Booth, William, and High Naylor, "Deadly border clashes stoke fears of war in Israel, Lebanon," washingtonpost.com, 28 January 2015.
  51. ^ Laub, Karin and Elaine Kurtenbach, "Jordan offers prisoner swap to ISIS to save pilot," Associated Press, 28 January 2015. 4:40 PM
  52. ^ Davenport, Christian, "Boeing chosen to build the next Air Force One," washingtonpost.com, 28 January 2015.
  53. ^ Umar, Haruna, and Lekan Oyekanmi, "Chad air force bombs Boko Haram out of Nigerian border town," Stars and Stripes, 30 January 2015.
  54. ^ Neuman, Scott, "Balloonists Crossing Pacific Set Distance Record," NPR, 30 January 2015, 10:51 a.m. EST.
  55. ^ "PAF identifies pilots killed in Batangas plane crash ," INQUIRER.net , January 31, 2015.
  56. ^ Mukhashaf, Mohammed, and Noah Browning, "Suspected U.S. drone strike kills al Qaeda militants in Yemen," Reuters, 31 January 2015, 4:37 p.m. EST.
  57. ^ Whitlock, Craig, "Drone strike kills senior al-Shabab official in Somalia," washingtonpost.com, 3 February 2015.
  58. ^ a b Anonymous, "Chad forces bomb Boko Haram positions in Nigerian town," Agence France-Presee, 1 February 2015.
  59. ^ Neuman, Scott, "Record-Setting Balloonists Touch Down In Mexico After Pacific Crossing," NPR, 31 January 2015, 10:36 a.m. EST.
  60. ^ Bryan, Susan Montoya, "Historic journey across Pacific Ocean ends with balloon pilots landing off Mexican coast," Associated Press, 1 February 2015, 3:41 a.m. EST.
  61. ^ Unnikrishnan, Madhu, "U.S. Open Skies Policy Comes Under Scrutiny," Aviation Daily, 29 January 2015.
  62. ^ Gardner, Frank, "Jordan pilot hostage Moaz al-Kasasbeh 'burned alive,'" BBC News, 3 February 2015, 15:44 EST.
  63. ^ a b Booth, William, and Taylor Luck, "Jordan hits Islamic State with airstrikes as king visits family of pilot burned alive," washingtonpost.com, 5 February 2015, 4:56 PM EST.
  64. ^ Anonymous, "US officials confirm suspension of UAE combat missions," Aljazeera, 5 February 2015, 03:29 GMT.
  65. ^ Laub, Karen, and Mohammed Daraghmeri, "Jordan hits Islamic State with airstrikes as king visits family of pilot burned alive," Associated Press, 5 February 2015, 2:31 PM.
  66. ^ Bradley, Matt, Suha Ma’ayeh, and Asa Fitch, "Jordan Strikes Islamic State in Syria," Wall Street Journal, 5 February 2015, 7:20 p.m. EST.
  67. ^ a b Al-Khalidi, Suleiman Al-Khalidi, "Syrian air attacks kill nearly 200 in Damascus suburbs: monitor," Reuters, 11 February 2015, 11:49 a.m. EST.
  68. ^ Booth, William, and Taylor Luck, "Jordan rages against Islamic State as military vows to expand airstrikes," 6 February 2015, 3:45 PM EST.
  69. ^ Anonymous, "Islamic State says airstrike killed US hostage, US skeptical," Associated Press, 6 February 2015, 10:58 p.m.
  70. ^ Lab. Karen, "Official: UAE Sends F-16s to Jordan to Fight Islamic State," Associated Press, 7 February 2015, 12:14 PM EST.
  71. ^ Daraghmeh, Mohammed, "Jordan says it launched 56 airstrikes against Islamic State," Associated Press, 8 February 2015, 9:25 AM EST.
  72. ^ Anonymous, "Chile mountaineers: We found plane missing for half century," Associated Press, 8 February 2015.
  73. ^ Ybarra, Maggie, "Mullah Abdul Rauf, former Gitmo detainee, killed by drone in Afghanistan," The Washington Times, 9 February 2015.
  74. ^ Baldor, Lolita C., "US official confirms IS recruiter killed in US drone strike," Associated Press, 10 February 2015 3:16 PM EST.
  75. ^ Dembassa-Kette, Crispin, "Peacekeepers kill seven rebels in Central African Republic fighting," Reuters, 10 February 2015, 4:29 p.m. EST.
  76. ^ Anonymous, "Europe launches space plane with eye on strategic goal," phys.org, 11 February 2015.
  77. ^ Anonymous, "Europe launches space plane, brings it back to earth," Agence France-Press, 11 February 2015.
  78. ^ Anonymous, "Air Force Resurrects B-52 Bomber From Boneyard for First Time," UPI, February 23, 2015.
  79. ^ a b French Aircraft Carrier in Gulf for IS Fight - Defensenews.com, 23 February 2015
  80. ^ a b Ryan, Missy, "Alliance against Islamic State deepens, but U.S. still shoulders bulk of burden," washingtonpost.com, 8 March 2015.
  81. ^ a b Whitlock, Craig, "," washingtonpost.com, 15 February 2015, 11:23 a.m. EST.
  82. ^ a b Malsin, Jared, Chris Stephen, et al., "Libya and Egypt Launch Air Strikes Against ISIS After Beheadings Video," The Guardian, 16 February 2015, 08:07 EST.
  83. ^ Abubakar, Aminu, "Sources: Nigerian airstrike kills 37 mourners in Niger," CNN, 18 February 2015, 4:14 p.m. EST.
  84. ^ Ryan, Missy, "Obama administration to allow sales of armed drones to allies," washingtonpost.com, 17 February 2015.
  85. ^ Anonymous, "Nigerian Troops Retake Town as Boko Haram Attacks Villages," Associated Press, 21 February 2015, 1:55 p.m. EST.
  86. ^ Anonymous, "Unidentified drones seen flying over Paris landmarks," Al-Jazeera, 24 February 2015, 15:06 GMT.
  87. ^ Anonymous, "Philippine Troops Attack 300 Abu Sayyaf Militants, 7 Killed," Associated Press, 25 February 2015, 6:54 a.m. EST.
  88. ^ Mulholland, Rory, "Unidentified drones reappear over Paris for second night," The Telegraph, 25 February 2015, 8:53 a.m. GMT.
  89. ^ Adamson, Thomas, "3 Al-Jazeera Journalists Arrested for Flying Drone in Paris," Associated Press, 25 February 2015, 2:55 PM EST.
  90. ^ Anonymous, "Iraq launches offensive to take back Tikrit from ISIL," Al-Jazeera, 2 March 2015, 14:49 GMT
  91. ^ "Turkish Airlines plane crash-lands after overshooting runway", Telegraph, 4 March 2015, 03:52 GMT
  92. ^ Anonymous, "Senior Nusra Front commander killed in Syria air strike," Al-Jazeera, 6 March 2015, 07:47 GMT.
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  101. ^ Aviation Safety Network: ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 174294
  102. ^ Whitcomb, Dan, and Piya Sinha-Roy "Actor Harrison Ford injured in small-plane crash in Los Angeles," Reuters, 6 March 2015, 7:03 a.m. EST.
  103. ^ Perry, Tom, and Suleiman al-Khalidi, "Air strike in Syria hits Nusra Front camp: monitor, sources," Reuters, 8 March 2015, 1:20pm EDT.
  104. ^ Perry, Tom, "Air strike on Islamic State-run refinery in Syria kills 30-monitor," Reuters, 8 March 2015, 6:45 p.m. EDT
  105. ^ Davies, Alex, "Solar-Powered Plane Begins Its Journey Around the World," wired.com, 9 March 2015, 6:05 p.m.
  106. ^ solarimpulse.com Leg 1
  107. ^ Pisarenko, Natacha, and Paul Byrne, "Argentina probes copter crash as France mourns dead athletes," Associated Press, 10 March 2015. 7:01 PM EDT.
  108. ^ "French star athletes, TV crew among 10 dead in Argentina twin helicopter crash". RT. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  109. ^ "Choque de helicópteros en Argentina: 10 fallecidos" [Helicopter Crash in Argentina: 10 deaths]. modocharlie (in Spanish). 9 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  110. ^ Amos, Jonathan, "Solar Impulse: Oman to India journey sets new record," BBC News, 10 March 2015, 14:00 EDT.
  111. ^ a b c d Amos, Jonathan, "Solar Impulse plane lands in China," bbc.com, 30 March 2015.
  112. ^ solarimpulse.com Leg 2
  113. ^ Botelho, Greg, "Military helicopter crash: Air search suspended for the night," CNN, 11 March 2015, 8:33 p.m. EDT.
  114. ^ Anonymous, "US to send Ukraine drones, more aid, but no lethal weapons," Associated Press, 11 March 2015.
  115. ^ Lamothe, Dan, "U.S. to send Humvees and unarmed drones to Ukraine — but still no weapons," washingtonpost.com, 11 March 2015.
  116. ^ Whitlock, Craig, and Kevin Sieff, "," washingtonpost.com, 13 March 2015, 3:05 p.m. EDT.
  117. ^ Anonymous, "Air raid by Burma kills four in China ," Reuters, 14 March 2015, 01:55 EDT
  118. ^ a b Craig, Tim, "Pakistan says it will deploy its own armed drone against terrorists," washingtonpost.com, 13 March 2015, 5:02 p.m. EDT.
  119. ^ Anonymous "Activists: Syrian Air Raids Pound Rebellious Damascus Suburb," Associated Press, 15 March 2015, 12:26 PM EDT.
  120. ^ Naylor, Hugh, "Chemical weapons attack alleged in Syria," washingtonpost.com, 17 March 2015.
  121. ^ Ryan, Missy, "U.S. loses track of drone over Syria," washingtonpost.com, 17 March 2015.
  122. ^ Amos, Jonathan, "Solar Impulse: Plane completes Ahmedabad to Varanasi leg," bbc.com, 18 March 2015.
  123. ^ solarimpulse.com Leg 3
  124. ^ Morris, Loveday, "," washingtonpost.com, 18 March 2015.
  125. ^ solarimpulse.com Leg 4
  126. ^ Almasmari, Hakim, Jason Hanna, and Jethro Mullen, "Yemen: Jet strikes palace grounds in deposed President's stronghold," cnn.com, 19 March 2015.
  127. ^ Scott, Alwyn, "UPDATE 3-U.S. regulators give Amazon go-ahead for drone tests," Reuters, 19 March 2015, 7:57 p.m. EDT.
  128. ^ Anonymous, "Small Argentine Plane Crashes Near Uruguay Resort," Associated Press, 20 March 2015, 10:28 a.m. EDT.
  129. ^ a b c Naylor, Hugh, "Fighting escalates in Yemen as Houthis launch airstrikes," washingtonpost.com, 19 March 2015.
  130. ^ Robertson, Campbell, "Assailant Shot at New Orleans Airport Is Dead," New York Times, 21 March 2015.
  131. ^ Anonymous, "Syrian Military Helicopter Crashes, Insurgents Capture Crew," Associated Press, 22 March 2015, 11:16 a.m. EDT.
  132. ^ Anpnympus, "Okinawa orders halt to work related to US base relocation," Associated Press, 23 March 201, 12:52 PM. Archived 14 April 2015 at Archive.is
  133. ^ Anonymous, "NATO scrambles jets after Russian bombers spotted over Baltic Sea," Associated Press, 24 March 2015, 2:18 PM
  134. ^ Lucas, Ryan, "," Associated Press, 24 March 2015.
  135. ^ Norland, Rod, and Peter Baker, "Opening New Iraq Front, U.S. Strikes ISIS in Tikrit," New York Times, 25 March 2015.
  136. ^ al-Mujahed, Ali, "Egypt poised to join Saudi assault on Yemen rebels," washingtonpost.com, 26 March 2015.
  137. ^ Thorp, Gene, "Saudi Arabia enters Yemen conflict," washingtonpost.com, 26 March 2015.
  138. ^ "EASA recommends minimum two crew in the cockpit". EASA. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  139. ^ al-Mujahed, Ali, and Hugh Naylor, "Saudi-led airstrikes intensify in Yemen as possible coalition land attack looms," washingtonpost.com, 28 March 2015.
  140. ^ solarimpulse.com Leg 5
  141. ^ Rajagopalan, Megha, "China air force conducts drill in west Pacific Ocean," Reuters, 30 March 2015 5:28 a.m. EDT.
  142. ^ al-Mujahed, Ali, and Hugh Naylor, "Dozens killed in airstrike at refugee camp in Yemen," washingtonpost.com, 30 March 2015.
  143. ^ Anonymous, "Iran claims U.S. drone strike kills 2 Revolutionary Guard advisers in Iraq," Associated Press, 30 March 2015, 8:06 AM.
  144. ^ Anonymous, "Also in Business," Washington Post, 8 April 2015, p. A12.
  145. ^ a b c Harwell, Drew, Ashley Halsey III, and Thad Moore, "Justice Dept. investigating potential airline price collusion," washingtonpost.com, 1 July 2015, 10:07 p.m. EDT.
  146. ^ Mroue, Bassem, "Syrian rebels capture main border crossing with Jordan," Associated Press, 2 April 2015, 12:00 noon EDT.
  147. ^ Anonymous, "Saudi-Led Coalition Airdrops Arms to Yemeni Forces," Associated Press, 3 April 2015, 1:39 p.m. EDT.
  148. ^ Vogt, Heidi, "Kenya Strikes al-Shabaab Positions in Somalia After College Attack," Wall Street Journal, 6 April 2015, 1:19 p.m. EDT.
  149. ^ "US recon aircraft intercepted by Russian fighter jet over Baltic - Pentagon," rt.com, 11 April 2015, 09:56.
  150. ^ Landau, Joel, "Lightning hits Icelandair plane flying to Denver, flight continues despite hole in nose," nydailynews.com, 9 April 2015, 2:01 PM.
  151. ^ McLaughlin, Kelly, "Lightning strike leaves massive HOLE in the nose of plane... but pilots don't notice and carry on with eight-hour flight," dailymail.co.uk, 9 April 2015, 11:39 EST.
  152. ^ Keeney, Laura, "Denver-bound Icelandair flight from Reykjavik hit by lightning," The Denver Post, 8 April 2015, 12:50:09 PM MDT.
  153. ^ Botelho, Greg, and Ryan Scallan, "Illinois State coach among 7 dead in plane crash on way home from Final 4," cnn.com, 7 April 2015, 6:04 p.m. EDT.
  154. ^ Mullen, Jethro, cnn.com, "Canadian warplanes carry out first airstrike against ISIS in Syria," 9 April 2015, 2:25 a.m. EDT.
  155. ^ Anonymous, "Soldier Patrolling Paris Airport Injured by Attacker's Knife," Associated Press, 10 April 2015, 4:01 PM EDT.
  156. ^ Anonymous, "Spokesman: Air Force plane inspections to be done Tuesday," Associated Press, 14 April 2015, 9:12 PM EDT. Archived 15 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  157. ^ "ALERT British Airways #BA144 makes emergency landing in Azerbaijan due to fire in one of the engines". AirLive.net. 11 April 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  158. ^ a b Anonymous, "Syrian government airstrikes kill at least 9 in Aleppo," Associated Press, 12 April 2015, 12:09 p.m. EDT.
  159. ^ Anonymous, "Senior al-Qaeda leader in Yemen killed in US strike," Aljazeera.com, 15 April 2015, 05:15 GMT.
  160. ^ Goldman, Adam, "U.S. to inform Americans whether they are on ‘no-fly’ list, and possibly why," washingtonpost.com, 14 April 2015, 5:48 PM EDT.
  161. ^ Blankstein, Andrew, "Nightmare: Alaska Airlines Flight Turns Around After Napping Worker Trapped in Cargo Hold," NBC News, 13 April 2015, 6:55 p.m.
  162. ^ alaskaair.com Statement on Alaska Airlines flight 448, 13 April 2015.
  163. ^ flightaware.com Alaska Airlines 448 Monday, 13 April 2015.
  164. ^ al-Mujahed, Ali, and Hugh Naylor, "Al-Qaeda seizes airport in eastern Yemen," washingtonpost.com, 16 April 2015.
  165. ^ Davenport, Christian, "SpaceX rocket hits barge, Elon Musk says, but ‘too hard for survival’," washingtonpost.com, 14 April 2015.
  166. ^ Fram, Alan, "Small aircraft lands on Capitol lawn; pilot in custody," Associated Press, 15 April 2015, 6:15 p.m. EDT. Archived 16 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  167. ^ Duggan, Paul, Ashley Halsey III, and Keith L. Alexander, "Gyrocopter pilot is charged with felony and sent back home to Fla.," washingtonpost.com, 16 April 2015.
  168. ^ Malenic, Marina, "X-47B engages tanker to prepare for refuelling test next week," IHS Jane's Defence Weekly, 19 April 2015.
  169. ^ Joseph Trevithick, "A Drone HAs Never Linked Up With a Tanker Until Now," War is Boring, undated.
  170. ^ "Yemen militia aligned with embattled president says it is besieging rebels at strategic base," Associated Press. 18 April 2015, 1:20 p.m. EDT.
  171. ^ Anonymous, "Activists: Syrian government air raids kill at least 16," Associated Press, 19 April 2015, 10:07 a.m. EDT.
  172. ^ a b Al-Mujahed, Ali, and Hugh Naylor, "Dozens reported killed in airstrike in Yemen capital," washingtonpost.com, 20 April 2015.
  173. ^ LaGrone, Sam, "Confrontation avoided? Iranian ships and U.S. aircraft carrier both turn away from Yemen," usni.org, 20 April 2015, 6:09 p.m.
  174. ^ Hicks, Josh, "U.S. sends illegal immigrants home on expensive charter flights that are largely empty," washingtonpost.com, 20 April 2015.
  175. ^ solarimpulse.com Leg 6
  176. ^ Al-Mujahed, Ali, and Hugh Naylor, "Saudi Arabia says it will scale back its military campaign in Yemen," washingtonpost.com, 21 April 2015, 7:01 p.m. EDT.
  177. ^ Ripley, Will, "Drone with radioactive material found on Japanese Prime Minister's roof," cnn.com, 22 April 2015, 2:47 p.m. EDT.
  178. ^ a b Al-Haj, Ahmed, and Brian Rohan, "Airstrikes hit Yemen rebels after Saudis say operation over ," Associated Press, 22 April 2015, 1:04 PM EDT.
  179. ^ Anonymous, "Activists Say at Least 32 Killed in Airstrikes Across Syria," Associated Press, 22 April 2015, 2:39 p.m. EDT.
  180. ^ LaGrone, Sam, "Navy Conducts Successful Test of Aerial Refueling with X-47B, UCAS-D Program Ending," usni.org, 22 April 2015, 11:53 p.m.
  181. ^ Al-Haj, Ali, "Saudi-led airstrikes bomb Yemen's Shiite rebels in 6 cities," 23 April 2015 3:16 p.m. EDT.
  182. ^ Lamothe, Dan, "Confrontation avoided? Iranian ships and U.S. aircraft carrier both turn away from Yemen," washingtonpost.com, 24 April 2015.
  183. ^ a b Eglash, Ruth, "Tensions rise on Israel-Syria border after infiltration attempt, airstrikes," washingtonpost.com, 27 April 2015.
  184. ^ Gowen, Annie, "," washingtonpost.com, 26 April 2015, 11:40 p.m. EDT.
  185. ^ Anonymous, "Israel strike 'kills militants' on Golan Heights frontier," bbc.com, 27 April 2015
  186. ^ al-Haj, Ahmed, "Fighting Rages in Yemen's 3rd-Largest City, Strikes Continue," Associated Press, 26 April 2015, 12:40 p.m. EDT.
  187. ^ Holley, Peter, "Stranded Mount Everest climbers now rescued," washingtonpost.com, 28 April 2015, 5:00 a.m. EDT.
  188. ^ a b Lakshmi, Rama, Annie Gowen. and Anup Kaphle, "Rescuers in Nepal finding total devastation in remote villages," washingtonpost.com, 28 April 2015, 9:53 p.m. EDT.
  189. ^ Anonymous, "American Airlines planes grounded by iPad app error," bbc.com, 29 April 2015.
  190. ^ Eversley, Melanie, and John Bacon, "Travelers scramble after iPad issues delay American Airlines flights," usatoday.com, 30 April 2015, 2:06 p.m. EDT.
  191. ^ Partlow, Joshua, "Military helicopter shot down as drug violence surges in western Mexico," washingtonpost.com, 1 May 2015, 4:07 p.m. EDT.
  192. ^ a b Partlow, Joshua, "," washingtonpost.com, 6 July 2015, 6:15 p.m. EDT.
  193. ^ a b El Deeb, Sarah, "Activists: Suspected chemical attacks in Syria injure 40," Associated Press, 2 May 2015, 1:31 p.m. EDT.
  194. ^ El Deeb, Sarah, "US to look into claim airstrike killed 52 civilians in Syria," Associated Press, 2 May 2015, 2:11 p.m. EDT.
  195. ^ Gurubacharya, Binaj, "Nepal shuts airport to big jets; more bodies found," Associated Press, 3 May 2015, 6:10 AM EDT.
  196. ^ Al-Haj, Ahmed, "Airstrikes hit Yemen airports as Saudis ponder cease-fire," Associated Press, 4 May 2015, 3:31 p.m. EDT.
  197. ^ a b Associated Press, "Yemen rebels fire into Saudi Arabia, killing at least 2," washingtonpost.com, 5 May 2015.
  198. ^ Tweed, David, and Chris Blake, "China Reserves Right to Create Air Zone Over South China Sea," Bloomberg.com, 8 May 2015, 1:30 a.m. EDT.
  199. ^ Morello, Carol, "Saudi Arabia offers 5-day ceasefire in Yemen after talks with Kerry," washingtonpost.com, 7 May 2015.
  200. ^ a b Morello, Carol, "Saudi Arabia will begin cease-fire in Yemen on Tuesday," washingtonpost.com, 8 May 2015, 3:45 p.m. EDT.
  201. ^ a b Al-Haj, Ahmed, and Bradley Klapper, "Saudi coalition warns rebels but also promises a cease-fire," Associated Press, 8 May 2015, 3:38 p.m. EDT.
  202. ^ c-span.org World War II Victory in Europe 70th Anniversary Flyover
  203. ^ a b Bretschneider, John, "U.S. Capitol flyover marks 70th anniversary of V-E Day", militarytimes.com, 8 May 2015, 6:08 p.m. EDT.
  204. ^ ["Know Your World War II Airplanes" (graphic), The Washington Post, 8 May 2015, Page B2.]
  205. ^ a b Miles, Tom, "Saudi-led strikes in Yemen break international law: U.N. coordinator," Reuters, 9 May 2015, 5:03 p.m. EDT.
  206. ^ a b Castillo, Mariano, "U.N. rep accuses Saudi-led coalition of violating international law," cnn.com, 9 May 2015, 10:23 PM EDT.
  207. ^ Scott, Jason, "Australia Urges China Not to Create South China Sea Air Zone," Bloomberg.com, 10 May 2015, 10:22 p.m. EDT.
  208. ^ a b Cunningham, Erin, and Brian Murphy, "Intense clashes in Yemen endanger prospects of humanitarian cease-fire," washingtonpost.com, 12 May 2015.
  209. ^ a b c al-Mujahed, Ali, and Erin Cunningham, "Temporary cease-fire announced in Yemen, but situation remains tense," washingtonpost.com, 12 May 2015, 6:30 p.m. EDT.
  210. ^ Mahr, Krista, and Ross Adkin "No sign of missing U.S. aid helicopter after second Nepal quake," Reuters, 13 May 2015.
  211. ^ Gowen, Annie, "Wreckage of U.S. military helicopter found in Nepal; no sign of survivors," washingtonpost.com, 15 May 2015, 2:50 PM EDT.
  212. ^ Anonymous, "Activists say at least 28 killed in Syria government attack ," Associated Press, 12 May 2015, 3:51 p.m. EDT.
  213. ^ Al-Haj, Ahmed, "In Its First 24 Hours, Yemen Ceasefire Barely Holds," Associated Press in The Washington Post, 14 May 2015, Page A8.
  214. ^ al-Haj, Ahmed, "Saudi Arabia, Yemen Rebels Trade Charges of Truce Breaches," Associated Press, 14 May 2015, 3:00 PM EDT.
  215. ^ Hattem, Julian, "," thehill.com, 14 May 2015. 6:33 PM EDT.
  216. ^ Fung, Brian, "The Army's drone pilots aren’t being trained because they’re too busy mowing lawns," washingtonpost.com, 15 May 2015, 11:41 AM EDT.
  217. ^ Brown, Emma, "Meet the teen who just won $75,000 for inventing a system to keep germs from spreading on airplanes," washingtonpost.com, 15 May 2015.
  218. ^ DeYoung, Karen, and Missy Ryan, "Senior ISIS leader killed in U.S. raid in Syria," washingtonpost.com, 16 May 2015, 9:13 p.m. EDT.
  219. ^ Mahsud, Ishtiaq, "Pakistan officials: US drone strike kills 5 militants," Associated Press, 16 May 2015, 3:47 PM EDT.
  220. ^ Perry, Thomas, Ayla Jean Yackley, Tulay Karadeniz, Seyhmus Cakan, and David Dolan, "Turkey says shot down helicopter, while Syrian TV says it was drone," Reuters, 16 May 2015, 7:51 p.m. EDT.
  221. ^ McAvoy, Audrey, "US Marine Osprey crashes in Hawaii; 1 dead, 21 injured," Associated Press, 18 May 2015, 2:38 AM EDT.
  222. ^ al-Haj, Ahmed, "Officials: Saudi-led coalition airstrikes resume in Yemen ," Associated Press, 17 May 2015, 7:17 PM EDT.
  223. ^ al-Mujahed, Ali, and Erin Cunningham, "Bombing and clashes resume as Yemen heads for ‘catastrophe’," washingtonpost.com, 18 May 2015, 4:41 p.m. EDT.
  224. ^ Denyer, Simon, "Chinese warnings to U.S. plane hint of rising stakes over disputed islands," washingtonpost.com, 21 May 2015.
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  419. ^ Roth, Andrew, and Liz Sly, "Russia declares partial victory in bombing campaign in Syria," washingtonpost.com, 3 October 2015.
  420. ^ Ramos, Nestor, Catherine Cloutier, and Matt Rocheleau, "Heart attack eyed as cause of pilot's death on Boston-bound flight," bostonglobe.com, 5 October 2015.
  421. ^ Whitlock, Craig, and Brian Murphy, "Russia offers to reopen, broaden military talks with the U.S. over Syria," washingtonpost.com, 6 October 2015.
  422. ^ Shapiro, Emily, "Co-Pilot Passes Out on United Airlines Flight, Plane Diverted to Albuquerque," abcnews.go.com, 6 October 2015, 11:43 AM EDT.
  423. ^ Halsey, Ashley III, "FAA proposes $1.9 million fine against SkyPan for ‘reckless’ drone operations," washingtonpost.com, 6 October 2015.
  424. ^ Roth, Andrew, and Erin Cunningham, "Syrian forces begin ground offensive backed by Russia air and sea power," washingtonpost.com, 7 October 2015.
  425. ^ a b c d e f Aji, Albert, "Fierce battles in central Syria amid Russian airstrikes," Associated Press, 10 October 2015, 2:21 PM EDT.
  426. ^ Halsey, Ashley III, "Agreement on Capitol Hill: Drones are on collision path with airliners," washingtonpost.com, 7 October 2015.
  427. ^ "Taiwanese mom who gave birth on flight to U.S. separated from baby". CBS News. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  428. ^ Cunningham, Erin, "Islamic State advances over wide swaths of Aleppo, activists report," washingtonpost.com, 9 October 2015, 3:35 p.m. EDT.
  429. ^ Rawliinson, Kevin, et. al., "RAF helicopter crash: five killed in accident in Afghanistan ," theguardian.com, 12 October 2015, 08:54 EDT.
  430. ^ El-Ghobashy, Tamer, and Abu Bakr Bashir, "Israeli Airstrikes Into Gaza Strip Kill Palestinian Woman, Daughter," Wall Street Journal, 11 October 2015, 9:38 p.m. EDT.
  431. ^ Hedgpeth, Dana, "Southwest Airlines said it has ‘stabilized’ technical issues that led to delays," washingtonpost.com, 12 October 2015, 9:13 AM EDT.
  432. ^ El Deeb, Albert Ajisarah, "Syria troops advance under Russian air cover," Associated Press, 12 October 2015, 2:58 PM EDT.
  433. ^ Shuster, Simon, "Putin's Syria Gamble," TIME, 26 October 2015, p. 30.
  434. ^ Whitlock, Craig, "Pentagon setting up drone base in Africa to track Boko Haram fighters," washingtonpost.com, 14 October 2015.
  435. ^ Salahuddin, Sayed, "Taliban announces pullout from Kunduz," washingtnpost.com, 13 October 2015.
  436. ^ Morris, Loveday, and Natasha Abbakumova, "Al-Qaeda in Syria calls for revenge attacks on Russia," washingtonpost.com, 13 October 2015.
  437. ^ Roth, Andrew, Brian Murphy, and Thomas Gibbons-Neff, "Dutch report: Buk missile downed MH17 in Ukraine," washingtonpost.com, 13 October 2015.
  438. ^ Was. Zur. Hölle.: YouTube-Star "Jetman" mit Irrem Airbus-Stunt
  439. ^ Video. Le vol Spectaculaire de Deux "Jetmen" aux Côtés d'un Avion de Ligne
  440. ^ Watch Two Men in Jetpacks Chase a Jumbo Jet in the Sky Above Dubai
  441. ^ Watch Two 'Jetmen' Fly Alongside an A380 Superjumbo
  442. ^ Evon, Dan, "Fly Me to Dubai," snopes.com, 7 November 2015.
  443. ^ "Emirates A380 and Jetman Dubai Formation Flight," YouTube video by Emirates Airline (provides date of flight)
  444. ^ Salim, Mustafa, and Loveday Morris, "Iraqi forces say key oil refinery is back in their hands," washingtonpost.com, 15 October 2015.
  445. ^ "Wildcat loose". Janes. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  446. ^ "Wildcat becomes first helicopter to land at St Helena Airport". Royal Navy. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  447. ^ "Wildcat makes history on St Helena". navynews.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  448. ^ Anonymous, "FIRST EVER ROTARY-WING AIRCRAFT LANDS AT ST HELENA AIRPORT," sainthelena.gov.sh, October 15, 2015.
  449. ^ Associated Press, "Offensive launched in Homs province," The Washington Post, 16 October 2015, p. A8.
  450. ^ Stanton, Jenny, "Russia shows off its state-of-the-art military jets as it is accused of killing 46 members of one family including 32 children in single Syria air strike," dailymail.co.uk, 25 October 2015, 13:03 EST.
  451. ^ Adam, Karla, and Adam Goldman, "Scotland identifies two new suspects in Lockerbie bombing," washingtonpost.com, 15 October 2015.
  452. ^ Morris, Loveday, "Turkey downs drone near Syrian border; Russia denies aircraft lost," washingtonpost.com, 16 October 2015.
  453. ^ a b Najarian, Mesrop, "More than 20 aircraft struck by lasers Wednesday night," cnn.com, 12 November 2015, 3:24 PM EST.
  454. ^ Patterson, Thom, "Last flight of US Airways evokes 'golden age' of air travel," cnn.com, 17 October 2015, 8:05 a.m. EDT.
  455. ^ al-Haj, Ahmed, "Saudi airstrikes mistakenly kill 20 troops in southern Yemen," Associated Press, 17 October 2015, 1:05 p.m. MDT.
  456. ^ Anonymous, "61 Wingsuit Divers Set Formation Record," news.discovery.com, 21 October 2015, 12:02 PM EDT.
  457. ^ Perry, Tom, "Third Russian air strike on Syrian rebel group kills leader," Reuters, 20 October 2015, 6:49 p.m. EDT.
  458. ^ Whitlock, Craig, "Federal regulators to require registration of recreational drones," washingtonpost.com, 19 October 2015, 4:34 p.m. EDT.
  459. ^ Whitlock, Craig, "U.S., Russia agree to safety measures for their warplanes over Syria," washingtonpost.com, 20 October 2015.
  460. ^ Davenport, Christian, "Lockheed Martin, buoyed by F-35, reports strong sales in third quarter," washingtonpost.com, 20 October 2015.
  461. ^ a b Ghobari, Mohammed, "UPDATE 2-Heavy fighting breaks out in Yemen's Taiz city, ICRC says situation 'dire'," Reuters, 22 October 2015, 10:58 p.m. IST.
  462. ^ a b Prentiss, Alexandra, "Ukraine-Russia flight ban seen lasting for some time," Reuters, 26 October 2015, 10:17 a.m. EDT.
  463. ^ Roth, Andrew, "Ukraine and Russia sever ties in the skies, throwing travelers for a loop," washingtonpost.com, 27 October 2015.
  464. ^ Roth, Andrew, "Ukraine, Russia face all-out trade war as tensions over Crimea resurge," Washingtonpost.com, 23 November 2015, 12:23 p.m. EST.
  465. ^ Blanchard, Ben, and Andrea Shalal, "Angry China shadows U.S. warship near man-made islands," Reuters, 28 October 2015, 12:08 a.m. EDT.
  466. ^ Freeman, Colin, Richard Spencer, and Louisa Loveluck, "Libya militia commanders killed as helicopter 'shot down'," telegraph.co.uk, 27 October 2015, 8:12PM GMT.
  467. ^ Anonymous, "14 Killed as Helicopter is Shot Down in Libya," The Washington Post, 28 October 2015, p. A10.
  468. ^ Seligman, Lara, Andrew Clevenger, and Aaron Mehta, "Northrop Grumman Wins Air Force's Long Range Strike Bomber Contract," defensenews.com, 28 October 2015, 9:35 a.m. EDT.
  469. ^ Peterson, Andrea, Craig Timberg, and Christian Davenport, "The military lost control of a giant, unmanned surveillance blimp," washingtonpost.com, 28 October 2015, 4:40 p.m. EDT>
  470. ^ Rubinkam, Michael, "State police use shotguns to deflate wayward military blimp ," Associated Press, 29 October 2015, 11:10 PM EDT.
  471. ^ McLaughlin, Eliott C., "Plane catches fire on runway at Fort Lauderdale airport," cnn.com, 30 October 2015,7:30 AM EDT.
  472. ^ Lamothe, Dan, "‘Probably the largest’ al-Qaeda training camp ever destroyed in Afghanistan," washingtonpost.com, 30 October 2015, 5:21 p.m. EDT.
  473. ^ Mohammed, Yusri, and Ahmed Mohamed Hassan, "Russian airliner with 224 aboard crashes in Egypt's Sinai, all killed," Reuters, 31 October 2015, 12:21 p.m. EDT.
  474. ^ Cunningham, Erin, "Russian jet carrying 224 people crashes in Sinai. No survivors found.," washingtonpost.com, 31 October 2015, 12:49 p.m. EDT.
  475. ^ Cunningham, Erin, "Russian team in Egypt to assist in probe of airliner crash," washingtonpost.com, 1 November 2015, 8:16 a.m. EDT.
  476. ^ Naylor, Hugh, "Why French airstrikes on ISIS's ‘capital’ probably haven’t done much," washingtonpost.com, 18 November 2015.
  477. ^ Cornwell, Alexander, "Emirates, Qatar stop flights over Sinai after Russian plane crash," Gulf News, 1 November 2015, 16:47.
  478. ^ Anonymous, "Russia warplanes bomb IS positions in Palmyra," bbc.com, 2 November 2015.
  479. ^ Weiner, Rachel, "Homeless lose a refuge with new closing time at Reagan," washingtonpost.com, 31 October 2015.
  480. ^ Aviation Safety Network Accident Description
  481. ^ Anonymous, "Pakistan Shaheen Air plane careers off runway," bbc.com, 3 November 2015.
  482. ^ dawn.com "Shaheen Air crash landing: Pilot was under the influence of alcohol, report finds," 13 November 2015, 04:32 p.m.
  483. ^ Sonawane, Vishakha, "Mount Rinjani Eruption In Indonesia Leads To Bali Airport Closure, Several Flights Cancelled," ibtimes.com, 4 November 2015, 12:40 AM EST.
  484. ^ a b Witte, Griff, and Erin Cunningham, "Britain suspends flights from Sinai, citing bomb fears," washingtonpost.com, 4 November 2015, 6:46 PM EST.
  485. ^ Anonymous, "South Sudan plane crash: Dozens killed near Juba airport," bbc.com, 4 November 2015.
  486. ^ Spagat, Elliot, and Julie Watkins, "Standoff Delays San Diego Flights; Armed Man Surrenders," ABC News, 5 November 2015, 4:58 AM EST.
  487. ^ Anonymous, "France deploying aircraft carrier to help fight against IS," Associated Press, 5 November 2015. 11:57 AM EST.
  488. ^ Anonymous, "Scottish legal body rejects Lockerbie bombing appeal bid," Associated Press, 5 November 2015.
  489. ^ Shear, Michael D., and Dan Bilefskynov, "Bomb Is ‘Possibility’ in Loss of Russian Jet Over Egypt, Obama Says," nytimes.com, 5 November 2015.
  490. ^ a b c MacFarquhar, Neil, and Dan Bilefskynov, "Putin Suspends Flights From Russia to Egypt Amid Security Fears," nytimes.com, 6 November 2015.
  491. ^ Stanglin, Doug, "At least 16 dead in hot air balloon crash in Texas," usatoday.com, 30 July 2016, 4:45 p.m. EDT.
  492. ^ Vertuno, Jim, "At least 16 dead in hot air balloon crash in Central Texas," Associated Press, 31 July 2016, 9:12 AM EDT.
  493. ^ National Transportation Board Safety Recommendation 7 April 2014.
  494. ^ National Transportation Board Safety Recommendation A-14-011
  495. ^ Davenport, Christian, "Boeing protests Northrop's win of Long Range Strike Bomber contract," washingtonpost.com, 6 November 2015, 11:54 a.m. EST.
  496. ^ a b Rohan, Brian, "Thousands of Russians leave Egypt after security concerns," Associated Press, 9 November 2015, 2:11 p.m. EST.
  497. ^ Ulmer, Alexandra, "Venezuela says U.S. intelligence plane violated air space," Reuters, 8 November 2015, 2:25 p.m. EST.
  498. ^ Goldstein, Sasha, "Nine dead after small plane crashes into Akron, Ohio, house," nydailynews.com, 10 November 2015, 7:41 PM EST.
  499. ^ Morris, Loveday, "Kurdish forces, backed by U.S. airstrikes, launch offensive in Iraq," washingtonpost.com, 13 November 2015, 4:25 AM EST.
  500. ^ Botelho, Greg, and Barbara Starr, "U.S. 'reasonably certain' drone strike killed ISIS mouthpiece 'Jihadi John'," cnn.com, 13 November 2015.
  501. ^ Dorell, Oren, "'Jihadi John' joins list of top terrorists killed by U.S.," usatoday.com, 13 November 2015, 3:38 p.m. EST.
  502. ^ Clifford, Stephanie, "," nytimes.com, 12 November 2015.
  503. ^ Associated Press, "Vincent Asaro, Accused in Lufthansa Heist, Is Found Not Guilty," washingtonpost.com, 24 January 2014, 6:47 a.m.
  504. ^ Ryan, Missy, "U.S. officials: Chief of Islamic State in Libya thought to be killed in airstrike," washingtonpost.com, 14 November 2015, 2:58 p.m. EST.
  505. ^ a b Burns, Robert, "Pentagon says airstrike killed terror leader in Somalia ," Associated Press, 7 December 2015, 12:38 pm. EST.
  506. ^ a b Anonymous, "70,000 Russian Tourists Evacuated From Egypt," The Moscow Times, 16 November 2015.
  507. ^ Anonymous, "Afghan official: Drone Srike Kills 12 Taliban in Southeast," Associated Press, 15 November 2015, 8:25 AM EST.
  508. ^ Cunningham, Erin, "Russia's Syria intervention makes scant progress on the ground," washingtonpost.com, 14 November 2015, 7:34 p.m. EST.
  509. ^ Lister, Tim, Nick Paton Walsh, and Catherine E. Shoichet, "French jets bomb Syria in the ISIS stronghold of Raqqa," cnn.com, 15 November 2015, 8:28 PM EST.
  510. ^ Nakamura, David, and Karen DeYoung, "France launches fierce assault on ISIS targets in Syria," washingtonpost.com, 15 November 2015, 6:29 p.m. EST.
  511. ^ Gordon, Michel R., "U.S. Warplanes Strike ISIS Oil Trucks in Syria," nytimes.com, 16 November 2015.
  512. ^ Lubold, Gordon, and Sam Dagher, "U.S. Airstrikes Target Islamic State Oil Assets," Wall Street Journal, 17 November 2015, 3:06 a.m. EST.
  513. ^ Anonymous, "Russia official: Suicide bombers using hand cream stopped before Sochi," Associated Press, 16 November 2015.
  514. ^ DeYoung, Karen, David Nakamura, and Juliet Eilperin, "Obama and Putin huddle for talks in aftermath of Paris attacks," washingtonpost.com, 16 November 2015.
  515. ^ Anonymous, "Tokyo sues Okinawa in US base relocation dispute," Associated Press, 16 November 2015, 10:45 PM EST.
  516. ^ a b Melvin, Don, and Matthew Chance, "Russia says bomb brought down jet in Sinai, offers $50 million reward," cnn.com, 17 November 2015, 17:06 GMT.
  517. ^ a b Roth, Andrew, "Russia confirms Sinai plane crash was the work of terrorists," washingtonpost.com, 17 November 2015, 1:03 p.m. EST.
  518. ^ a b c d e Baker, Keiligh, Julia Robinson, and Anthony Joseph, "Russia and France wreak revenge on ISIS: Putin orders his warships in Med to work with French Navy as jihadists in Syria are pummelled from the air," dailymail.co.uk, 18 November 2015, 02:37 EST.
  519. ^ Sly, Liz, "Is it too late to solve the mess in the Middle East?," washingtonpost.com, 17 November 2015.
  520. ^ thedailybeast.com "France Launches New Strikes on Raqqa"
  521. ^ Burns, Robert, "Despite heavy US airstrikes, IS threat persists," Associated Press, 18 November 2015, 3:38 p.m. EST.
  522. ^ Johnson, M. Alex, "2,000 Contract Airport Workers Go on Strike at Seven U.S. Hubs," nbcnews.com, 19 November 2015, 8:45 a.m. EDT
  523. ^ Sly, Liz, "Iraqis think the U.S. is in cahoots with the Islamic State, and it is hurting the war," washingtonpost.com, 1 December 2015, 9:24 PM EST.
  524. ^ McGurik, Rod, "MH370 hunt moves to where British pilot believes it crashed," Associated Press, 23 November 2015, 4:29 AM EST.
  525. ^ a b Anonymous, "Syria conflict: Army captures western towns from IS," bbc.com, 23 November 2015.
  526. ^ Davenport, Christian, "Jeff Bezos sticks rocket landing, stakes claim in billionaires’ space race," washingtonpost.com, 24 November 2015.
  527. ^ Gibbons-Neff, Thomas, "The last time a Russian jet was shot down by a NATO jet was in 1952," washingtonpost.com, 24 November 2015, 12:13 p.m. EST.
  528. ^ a b Naylor, Hugh, and Andrew Roth, "NATO faces new Mideast crisis after downing of Russian jet by Turkey," washingtonpost.com, 24 November 2015, 5:45 p.m. EST.
  529. ^ a b Naylor, Hugh, and Andrew Roth, "Moscow promises retribution after Turkey downs military jet," washingtonpost.com, 25 November 2015, 6:27 a.m. EST.
  530. ^ Roth, Andrew, "Russia cuts gas flow, Ukraine closes airspace as trade war expands," washingtonpost.com, 25 November 2015, 11:25 a.m. EST.
  531. ^ Raghavan, Sudarsan, "U.S. cites errors and technical failures in report on Afghan hospital attack," washingtonpost.com, 25 November 2015, 9:13 p.m. EST.
  532. ^ a b Sly, Liz, "Russian airstrikes force a halt to aid in Syria, triggering a new crisis," washingtonpost.com, 14 December 2015, 7:39 PM EST.
  533. ^ Roth, Andrew, "," washingtonpost.com, 28 November 2015, 4:16 p.m. EST.
  534. ^ Anonymous, "Russian strikes kill 18, wound dozens, according to Syrian opposition," Associated Press, 29 November 2015.
  535. ^ Anonymous, "Israel defense minister says Russian plane breached airspace," Associated Press, 29 November 2015.
  536. ^ Anonymous, "Last Boeing C-17 leaves Southern California assembly plant," Associated Press, 29 November 2015, 10:22 p.m. EST.
  537. ^ Gibbons-Neff, Thomas, "Study: Air evacuating casualties might do more harm than good," washingtonpost.com, 30 November 2015, 12:01 a.m. EST.
  538. ^ MacLellan, Kylie, "British bombers take off from Cyprus base after UK parliament vote," Thomson Reuters 2 December 2015, 4:49 PM.
  539. ^ Jamieson, Alastair, "Germany Votes to Join U.S.-Led Fight Against ISIS in Syria," nbcnews.com, 4 December 2015, 9:37 a.m. EST.
  540. ^ Brumfield, Ben, "German parliament votes to expand ISIS fight," cnn.com, 4 December 2015, 18:57 GMT.
  541. ^ Anonymous, "Airstrikes target de facto ISIS capital in Syria, kill 32 militants," Associated Press, 7 December 2015, 5:39 AM
  542. ^ a b c Sly, Liz, and Dan Lamothe, "Pentagon says Russian — not American — warplanes hit a Syrian army base," washingtonpost.com, 7 December 2015, 6:33 p.m. EST.
  543. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Lamothe, Dan, "Airstrike kills Islamic State leader in Syria with ties to the Paris attacks, U.S. says," washingtonpost.com, 29 December 2015, 11:55 a.m. EST.
  544. ^ Isachenkov, Vladimir, "Russia launches more airstrikes in Syria; 1st time Russian sub launches new cruise missile," Associated Press, 8 December 2015, 3:45 p.m. EST.
  545. ^ al-Haj, Ahmed, "Yemen officials: Battle for key military base in country's south kills dozens of fighters," Associated Press, 8 December 2015, 1:03 p.m.[permanent dead link]
  546. ^ http://www.aol.com/article/2015/12/11/medical-helicopter-crashes-in-california-killing-4/21281969/
  547. ^ Naylor, Hugh, "What Rebel-Held Suburbs Look Like After Constant Bombing By Syria's Assad," The Washington Post, 20 December 2015, Page A16, photo caption.
  548. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben, "Firefighters spray wrong 737 with foam, delay 30 flights," usatoday.com, 11 December 2015, 11:45 a.m. EST.
  549. ^ Aji, Albert, "Syrian rebels fire barrage of mortar shells into capital," Associated Press, 13 December 2015, 11:21 a.m. EST.
  550. ^ a b Anonymous, "New airstrikes hit Damascus suburb day after 45 were killed," Associated Press, 14 December 2015, 4:24 a.m. EST.
  551. ^ Youssef, Nour, "Egypt's finding on Russian jet crash conflicts with others," Associated Press, 14 December 2015, 7:34 p.m. EST.
  552. ^ Halsey, Ashley III, "That drone under your Christmas tree will have to be registered with FAA," washingtonpost.com, 14 December 2015, 11:52 a.m. EST.
  553. ^ Ghobari, Mohammed, "Saudi-led air strikes target Yemen's Houthis despite ceasefire -residents," Reuters, 16 December 2015, 13:24 GMT.
  554. ^ Miroff, Nick, "Cuba, U.S. reach agreement to resume direct passenger flights," washingtonpost.com, 16 December 2015, 7:45 p.m. EST.
  555. ^ Ryan, Missy, and Loveday Morris, "Islamic State offensive in northern Iraq, although repelled, shows group's resilience," washingtonpost.com, 17 December 2015, 8:52 PM EST.
  556. ^ Morris, Loveday, and Mustafa Salim, "U.S.: Airstrike that killed 10 Iraqi soldiers was ‘a mistake that involved both sides’," washingtonpost.com, 19 December 2015, 8:35 AM EST.
  557. ^ Bodeen, Christopher, "China accuses US of serious military provocation," Associated Press, 19 December 2015.
  558. ^ Eglash, Ruth, and Hugh Naylor, "Notorious Lebanese militant reported killed in airstrike near Syrian capital," washingtonpost.com, 20 December 2015.
  559. ^ a b Naylor, Hugh, "Russian airstrikes in Syria blamed for scores of civilian deaths," washingtonpost.com, 20 December 2015, 12:51 p.m. EST.
  560. ^ Davenport, Christian, "Elon Musk's SpaceX returns to flight and pulls off dramatic, historic landing," washingtonpost.com, 21 December 2015, 8:46 p.m. EST.
  561. ^ Roth, Brian, "FAA Requires Drone Registration to Increase Safety," nbcdfw.com, 20 December 2015, 11:35 PM CST.
  562. ^ DeYoung, Karen, and Missy Ryan, "As bombing in Syria intensifies, a debate about the rules of engagement," washingtonpost.com, 22 December 2015, 6:52 PM EST.
  563. ^ Levin, Allan, "Boeing to Pay $12 Million to Settle U.S. Jet-Safety Cases," bloomberg.com, 22 December 2015, 12:28 PM EST.
  564. ^ Solaker, Gulsen, and Ece Toksabay, "Kurdish group TAK claims responsibility for Istanbul airport attack," Reuters, 26 December 2015, 9:21 a.m. EST.
  565. ^ Anonymous, "Kurdish rebels claim responsibility for deadly Istanbul airport blast," theguardian.com, 26 December 2015, 23:24 EST.
  566. ^ Potter, Kyle, "Several arrests as protest blocks Minneapolis airport access," Associated Press, 24 December 2015, 12:11 AM EST.
  567. ^ Karam, Zeina, and Bassem Mroue, "," Associated Press, 24 December 2015.
  568. ^ Yamaguchi, Mari, "Okinawa sues Japan's central government in bid to stop relocation of US Marine air base," Associated Press, 25 December 2015, 7:50 a.m.
  569. ^ Mroue, Bassem, "Top Syrian rebel killed in airstrike near Damascus," Associated Press
  570. ^ Anonymous, "German Minister Advocates Random Drug Testing for Pilots," Associated Press, 27 December 2015, 5:29 AM EST.
  571. ^ Siemaszko, Corky, "Pilot Who Crashed In Downtown Anchorage Had Death Wish," 1 January 2016, 4:00 p.m. EST.
  572. ^ Al-Khalidi, Suleiman, "Syrian troops backed by Russian jets enters rebel-held southern town: army," Reuters, 30 December 2015. 1:53 p.m. GMT.
  573. ^ Almasy, Steve, Faith Karimi, and Radina Gigova, "MH370: Another possible piece of debris found in Mozambique," cnn.com, 13 March 2016, 3:36 a.m. EDT.
  574. ^ Rauhala, Emily, "China confirms work on second aircraft carrier amid naval expansion," washingtonpost.com, 31 December 2015.
  575. ^ a b Halsey, Ashley III, "Worried that drones might strike airplanes, FAA seeks airport detection system," washingtonpost.com, 17 May 2016, 12:16 p.m. EDT.
  576. ^ Mayerowitz, Scott, and Joan Lowy, "US airlines to start scheduled flights to Cuba," Associated Press, 10 June 2016, 4:39 PM EDT.
  577. ^ Embraer KC-390 takes maiden flight
  578. ^ "MAIDEN FLIGHT: "Smooth" sortie opens Falcon 8X test campaign". Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  579. ^ http://www.verticalmag.com/news/article/EnstromTH180completesfirstflight
  580. ^ "First flight edges Ka-52K towards maritime debut". Flight International. 187 (5480): 15. 17 March 2015. ISSN 0015-3710. 
  581. ^ "Flight Design Completed First Flight of New C4". 15 April 1015. 
  582. ^ "Antonov begins An-178 flight trials". 7 May 1015. 
  583. ^ http://www.20min.ch/finance/news/story/Schweizer-Jet-PC-24-hat-den-Erstflug-absolviert-25659384
  584. ^ "Airbus Helicopters lifted by debut as H160 flight test get off the ground". Flight International. 23 June 2015. ISSN 0015-3710. 
  585. ^ Osborne, Tony (1 July 2015). "Bell Helicopter Completes First Flight Of Model 525". Aviation Week & Space Technology. McGraw-Hill. 
  586. ^ "Perlan 2 Glider Completes First Flight". AVweb. Retrieved 26 September 2015.  Video
  587. ^ "Enhanced L-39NG trainer makes maiden sortie". Flight International. 22 September 2015. p. 17. 
  588. ^ "Maiden sortie for new KT-100 trainer". Flight International. 20 October 2015. p. 21. 
  589. ^ Drew, James (27 October 2015). "Sikorsky's CH-53K lifts off after troubled start". Flightglobal. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  590. ^ Ton, Mavis (11 November 2015). "PICTURES: MRJ completes maiden sortie". Flightglobal. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  591. ^ Butowski, Piotr (February 2016). "Russia's New Jet Trainer". Air International. Vol. 90 no. 2. p. 15. ISSN 0306-5634. 
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