2010 in science

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List of years in science (table)
8 July 2010: the Solar Impulse (picturedhola ) becomes the first aircraft to complete a non-stop 24-hour flight using only solar power.

The year 2010 involved numerous significant scientific events and discoveries, some of which are listed below. The United Nations declared 2010 the International Year of Biodiversity.[1]

Events, discoveries and inventions

3 January 2010: British scientists create working artificial arteries (artery cross-section pictured).

January

  • 3 January – British scientists report that they have made artificial arteries out of flexible polymer. (PressTV) (Royal Free Hampstead)
  • 7–10 January – The Consumer Electronic Show takes place in Las Vegas, with 3DTV technology being highly promoted during the event. (CNN)
  • 21 January – Iranian researchers develop a silica-based nano-absorbent to filter harmful heavy metals from waste water.[2]
  • 28 January – A joint American-Australian team construct a quantum computer that can correctly simulate a hydrogen molecule. (Wired) (Nat. Chem.)

February

15 February 2010: scientists state that the 1969 Murchison meteorite (fragment pictured) contained a large number of organic compounds.

March

1 March 2010: NASA confirms the presence of large quantities of water ice on the north pole of the Moon.

April

May

20 May 2010: scientists led by Craig Venter (pictured) create a living cell with an entirely artificial genome.

June

  • 1 June – A record high temperature of 53.7C (129F) is confirmed by government meteorologists in Pakistan. (The Guardian)
  • 3 June – An unknown object impacts Jupiter. (Astronomy Magazine) (Astrophys. J.)
  • 13 June – Data indicates that up to one-third of Mars' surface was once covered by an ocean. (Christian Science Monitor) (Nat. Geosci.)
  • 16 June - Iranian chemists developed a safe way to create nuclear energy with laser.[3]
  • 21 June – Scientists studying the behavior of chimpanzees note that they will kill each other in rival turf wars. (MSNBC) (Curr. Biol.)

July

August

  • August 12 – 318-million-year-old fossils of reptile footprints found in New Brunswick provide evidence that reptiles were the first creatures to live exclusively on land. (Telegraph) (CBC News) (Palaeo)

September

14 September 2010: Honda's FCX Clarity (pictured), the world's first production-line hydrogen car, arrives in the United Kingdom.

October

November

17 November 2010: scientists at CERN (pictured) trap neutral antimatter atoms for the first time.
  • 28 November – Scientists reportedly reverse the ageing process in mice. (The Guardian) (Nature)

December

  • 2 December – NASA-supported researchers discover the first microorganism known to be able to thrive and reproduce using the toxic chemical arsenic. (NASA) (Science)
  • 8 December – SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft becomes the first commercial spacecraft ever to be successfully retrieved from orbit.[5][6]
  • 15 December – A US cancer patient who received a stem cell transplant has been cured of HIV, say a team of German doctors whose research was published in the peer-reviewed journal Blood. (AFP)
  • 22 December – Fossil hunters in southwestern China uncover the remains of an ancient marine ecosystem; dating back 252 million years, the site is filled with over 20,000 fossils, including plants, carnivorous fish and large reptiles. (The Guardian) (Proc. Royal Soc. B)
  • 26 December – Michał Kusiak of Poland's Jagiellonian University discovers the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory's (SOHO) 1,999th and 2,000th comets. (SOHO)

Prizes

Abel Prize

Fields Medal

Nobel Prize

Deaths

January

15 January 2010: Marshall Warren Nirenberg, a Nobel Prize-winning American biochemist, dies aged 82.

February

March

22 March 2010: Ky Fan, a Chinese-American mathematician and theorist, dies aged 95.

April

May

3 June 2010: Vladimir Arnold, a Russian mathematician, dies aged 72.

June

July

14 October 2010: Benoît Mandelbrot, a French-American mathematician, dies aged 85.

September

October

See also

References

  1. ^ Welcome to the International Year of Biodiversity. Convention on Biological Diversity, 26 April 2010. Retrieved 30 October jueguen black ops 2011
  2. ^ "Iranian researchers invent nanoabsorbent to remove heavy metals from wastewater". WaterWorld.com. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Iranian scientists to produce nuclear energy with laser technology". Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Mukherjee, Siddhartha (16 November 2010). The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4391-0795-9. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  5. ^ Seedhouse, Erik (2013). SpaceX : making commercial spaceflight a reality. Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer Dordrecht. pp. vii, 203. ISBN 978-1-4614-5513-4. 
  6. ^ (Space.com)

External links

  • "Science news highlights of 2010". BBC. 25 December 2010.
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