2010 in science

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List of years in science (table)
8 July 2010: the Solar Impulse (picturedhola ) becomes the first aircraft to complete a non-stop 24-hour flight using only solar power.

The year 2010 involved numerous significant scientific events and discoveries, some of which are listed below. The United Nations declared 2010 the International Year of Biodiversity.[1]

Events, discoveries and inventions

3 January 2010: British scientists create working artificial arteries (artery cross-section pictured).

January

  • 3 January – British scientists report that they have made artificial arteries out of flexible polymer. (PressTV) (Royal Free Hampstead)
  • 7–10 January – The Consumer Electronic Show takes place in Las Vegas, with 3DTV technology being highly promoted during the event. (CNN)
  • 21 January – Iranian researchers develop a silica-based nano-absorbent to filter harmful heavy metals from waste water.[2]
  • 28 January – A joint American-Australian team construct a quantum computer that can correctly simulate a hydrogen molecule. (Wired) (Nat. Chem.)

February

  • 1 February – The President of the United States, Barack Obama, announces that he will cancel NASA's plans to return to the Moon by 2020, due to budget constraints. (BBC)
  • 3 February
    • Scientists announce that they are on the verge of creating pills that target specific genes in the human genome to increase longevity. They reveal that the pills may be ready for human testing within three years. (Sky News)
    • Scientists develop a way of communicating with a brain-damaged man by accessing his thoughts. (BBC)
    • Scientists studying fossils in an open coal mine in Colombia determine that the giant prehistoric snake Titanoboa, which measured up to 45 feet (14 m) in lengths, hunted and ate crocodiles. (MSNBC) (JVP)
  • 4 February – Scientists use direct fossil evidence to make a reasonable interpretation of a dinosaur's color.(BBC) (Wired) (Science)
  • 5 February
  • 8 February – Researchers at the University of Leicester and King's College London discover gene variations that control how fast people age, and could help spot and cure potential age-related illnesses in people. (BBC) (Nat. Genet.)
  • 9–13 February – The TED innovation conference is held in Palm Springs, California. (Wired)
15 February 2010: scientists state that the 1969 Murchison meteorite (fragment pictured) contained a large number of organic compounds.
  • 10 February
  • 12 February – The results of a genetic study on the tiger reveal that it began evolving 3.2 million years ago, and that its closest living relative is the snow leopard. (BBC) (Mol. Phylogenet. Evol.)
  • 15 February – Scientists confirm that the Murchison meteorite that crashed onto Earth's surface in 1969 contains millions of organic compounds. (BBC) (PNAS)
  • 16 February
  • 17 February – Scientists at the University College Dublin's Animal Genomics Laboratory and Conway Institute analyse the DNA of a species of European cattle that died out 400 years ago by extracting material from a bone found in an English cavern. (BBC) (PLoS ONE)
  • 18 February – Scientists discover that the fear of spiders and snakes may develop before birth through the experiences of the pregnant mother. (MSNBC) (American Naturalist)
  • 21 February – Researchers report that teaching stroke victims to sing can help them regain their speech. (BBC) (Music Perception)
  • 27 February – Physicists discover that a similar technique used primarily for tattoo removal can be applied to the cleaning and rejuvenating of centuries-old artwork. (BBC) (Acc. Chem. Res.)

March

1 March 2010: NASA confirms the presence of large quantities of water ice on the north pole of the Moon.

April

May

20 May 2010: scientists led by Craig Venter (pictured) create a living cell with an entirely artificial genome.

June

  • 1 June – A record high temperature of 53.7C (129F) is confirmed by government meteorologists in Pakistan. (The Guardian)
  • 3 June – An unknown object impacts Jupiter. (Astronomy Magazine) (Astrophys. J.)
  • 13 June – Data indicates that up to one-third of Mars' surface was once covered by an ocean. (Christian Science Monitor) (Nat. Geosci.)
  • 16 June - Iranian chemists developed a safe way to create nuclear energy with laser.[3]
  • 21 June – Scientists studying the behavior of chimpanzees note that they will kill each other in rival turf wars. (MSNBC) (Curr. Biol.)

July

  • 8 July – The Swiss Solar Impulse aircraft performs the first ever 24-hour non-stop flight powered purely by solar energy. (Engadget)
  • 14 July – Scientists in the United Kingdom announce that they have discovered a protein in hens that is necessary for the production of eggs. (MSNBC) (CBS) (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.)
  • 16 July – Scientists in the United States succeed in genetically engineering a malaria-resistant mosquito. (BBC) (PLoS Pathog.)
  • 19 July – A vaginal gel which reduces the risk of HIV infection in women is developed. (New York Times) (Science)
  • 30 July – NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter reveals potential sites for the search for fossilized remains on the surface of Mars. (MSNBC) (Christian Science Monitor) (Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.)

August

  • August 12 – 318-million-year-old fossils of reptile footprints found in New Brunswick provide evidence that reptiles were the first creatures to live exclusively on land. (Telegraph) (CBC News) (Palaeo)

September

14 September 2010: Honda's FCX Clarity (pictured), the world's first production-line hydrogen car, arrives in the United Kingdom.

October

November

17 November 2010: scientists at CERN (pictured) trap neutral antimatter atoms for the first time.
  • 28 November – Scientists reportedly reverse the ageing process in mice. (The Guardian) (Nature)

December

  • 2 December – NASA-supported researchers discover the first microorganism known to be able to thrive and reproduce using the toxic chemical arsenic. (NASA) (Science)
  • 8 December – SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft becomes the first commercial spacecraft ever to be successfully retrieved from orbit.[5][6]
  • 15 December – A US cancer patient who received a stem cell transplant has been cured of HIV, say a team of German doctors whose research was published in the peer-reviewed journal Blood. (AFP)
  • 22 December – Fossil hunters in southwestern China uncover the remains of an ancient marine ecosystem; dating back 252 million years, the site is filled with over 20,000 fossils, including plants, carnivorous fish and large reptiles. (The Guardian) (Proc. Royal Soc. B)
  • 26 December – Michał Kusiak of Poland's Jagiellonian University discovers the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory's (SOHO) 1,999th and 2,000th comets. (SOHO)

Prizes

Abel Prize

Fields Medal

Nobel Prize

Deaths

January

15 January 2010: Marshall Warren Nirenberg, a Nobel Prize-winning American biochemist, dies aged 82.

February

March

22 March 2010: Ky Fan, a Chinese-American mathematician and theorist, dies aged 95.

April

May

3 June 2010: Vladimir Arnold, a Russian mathematician, dies aged 72.

June

July

14 October 2010: Benoît Mandelbrot, a French-American mathematician, dies aged 85.

September

October

See also

References

  1. ^ Welcome to the International Year of Biodiversity. Convention on Biological Diversity, 26 April 2010. Retrieved 30 October jueguen black ops 2011
  2. ^ "Iranian researchers invent nanoabsorbent to remove heavy metals from wastewater". WaterWorld.com. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Iranian scientists to produce nuclear energy with laser technology". Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Mukherjee, Siddhartha (16 November 2010). The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4391-0795-9. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  5. ^ Seedhouse, Erik (2013). SpaceX : making commercial spaceflight a reality. Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer Dordrecht. pp. vii, 203. ISBN 978-1-4614-5513-4. 
  6. ^ (Space.com)

External links

  • "Science news highlights of 2010". BBC. 25 December 2010.
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