2010 in archaeology

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The year 2010 in archaeology

Excavations

Finds

  • April 9: In England, metal detectorist Dave Crisp discovers the Frome Hoard, 52,503 Roman coins dating to the period 253 to 305, one of the largest hoards ever found in Britain.[7]
  • May
    • A fragment of a clay tablet is discovered in the Ophel section of the City of David in Jerusalem, Israel. The fragment, with a surface of 2 by 2.8 centimetres (0.79 by 1.10 in), is the oldest piece of writing from Jerusalem yet discovered, dating back to the 14th century BC. The high quality of the Akkadian writing indicates that it was engraved by a royal scribe and speaks to the importance of Jerusalem as a political center in that era.[8]
    • In Cumbria, England, a metal detectorist discovers an almost complete Roman cavalry helmet.[9]
  • June
    • Skeletons featuring marks that could have resulted from a violent death are uncovered during an ongoing investigation in Driffield Terrace near the centre of York in England. Archaeologists believe the cemetery to be that of gladiators. Bite marks on one skeleton suggest that the gladiator was bitten by a large carnivore which would be consistent with gladiatorial battles in Ancient Rome.[10]
    • The Areni-1 shoe, the world's oldest leather shoe is found in a cave in the Vayots Dzor Province of Armenia. The 5,500-year-old shoe dates back to approximately 3,500 BC and is in excellent condition, due in large part to being buried under a pile of sheep dung.[10]
    • Vatican officials announce that the earliest-known icons of the Apostles Peter and Paul have been discovered in the catacombs of an eight-story office building in Rome. The images date to the second half of the 4th century and are believed to decorate the tomb of a Roman noblewoman. The tomb also houses the oldest known images of the Apostles John and Andrew.[11]
  • July
  • July 22: Archaeologists using ground-penetrating radar announce discovery of an apparent new henge at Stonehenge in England.[16][17][18]
  • August
    • Stone point arrowheads are recovered from Sibudu Cave, South Africa, which date back 64,000 years. The arrowheads have traces of blood and a plant resin glue. This is the oldest known use of arrows.[19]
    • The Theban Desert Road Survey, a program led by Yale University, announces the discovery of an ancient Egyptian settlement along an ancient caravan route in the Western Desert. The settlement was a major administrative and economical center, estimated to have been in use from 1650 BC to 1550 BC.[20]
  • September: An 8th-century BC Moabite temple is discovered near the city of Madaba, Jordan. The temple contains around three hundred religious artifacts, including a figurine of the animal god Hadad. The artifacts will be displayed in the Jordan Archaeological Museum.[21]

Events

Publications

  • June: A radiocarbon dating study of plant matter, usually from offerings at Egyptian kings' burial sites, is published in Science. The researchers then compared these dates with presumed historical dates using Bayesian inference to determine if there is any correlation. Among the findings was that the Old Kingdom began between 2691 and 2625 BC, while the New Kingdom began between 1570 and 1544 BC.[26]
  • June: A British archaeologist announces that sedimentary evidence suggests that Neanderthals entered Kent soon after the land bridge from mainland Europe appeared, about 100,000 years BP, 40,000 years earlier than previously thought.[27]
  • July: Archaeologists working for the Natural History Museum excavating a coastal site at Happisburgh in East Anglia announce that it was occupied by a date as early as 950,000 years BP, the earliest and northernmost evidence of human expansion into Eurasia.[28]
  • August 10: Archaeologists working on the Stone Age site at Star Carr in North Yorkshire announce that they have found the earliest surviving remains of a house in Britain, dating from at least 8,500 years BC.[29]
  • August 12: Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology publish indirect evidence for stone tool use dating to 3.39 million years BP from Dikika, Ethiopia.[30]
  • P. J. Capelotti - The Human Archaeology of Space: Lunar, Planetary and Interstellar Relics of Exploration.
  • David J. Mattingly - Imperialism, Power, and Identity: Experiencing the Roman Empire.
  • Bjørnar Olsen - In Defense of Things: Archaeology and the Ontology of Objects.[31]
  • Donald B. Redford - City of the Ram-Man: the Story of Ancient Mendes.[32]

Deaths

References

  1. ^ "Digging into Shakespeare's later life at New Place, Stratford-upon-Avon". responsesource. 2010-03-10. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  2. ^ Kennedy, Maev (2011-04-05). "Dig seeks William Shakespeare's shards for ale in his Stratford back garden". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  3. ^ Wilton, Jeremy (2011). "New dig at Shakespeare's birthplace". Four Shires. Archived from the original on 2011-04-10. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  4. ^ "WTC sifting at Fresh Kills yields 10 more potential human remains". silive.com. 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  5. ^ "Company Digging Afghanistan Unearths 2,600 year old Buddhist Monastery". dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Copper mining will crush ancient Afghan site". The Archaeology News Network. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  7. ^ "The Frome Hoard". Portable Antiquities Scheme. Archived from the original on 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  8. ^ The Jerusalem Post.
  9. ^ Kennedy, Maev (2010-09-13). "Roman cavalry helmet found with metal detector may go abroad at auction". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2010-09-13.
  10. ^ a b "What's Older Than the Pyramids and Smells Worse Than a Mummy?". Fox News. June 9, 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  11. ^ "Archaeologists Find Oldest Paintings of Apostles in Roman Catacombs". Fox News. 2010-06-22. Archived from the original on 2010-06-26. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  12. ^ "Egypt Announces Discovery of 4,300-Year-Old Tombs". Fox News. 2010-07-08. Archived from the original on 2010-07-11. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
  13. ^ The Jerusalem Post.
  14. ^ "Estonia: Salme Ship Burials". world-archaeology.com. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  15. ^ "In pictures: Discovering the wreck of HMS Investigator". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 2017-05-16.
  16. ^ "Archaeologists unearth Neolithic henge at Stonehenge". BBC News. 2010-07-22. Archived from the original on 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  17. ^ "A new 'henge' discovered at Stonehenge". University of Birmingham. 2010-07-22. Archived from the original on 2010-07-21. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  18. ^ Kennedy, Maev (2010-07-22). "Stonehenge twin discovered stone's throw away". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  19. ^ "Oldest evidence of arrows found". BBC News. 2010-08-26. Archived from the original on 2010-08-26. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
  20. ^ "Ancient Roads Lead to Discovery in the Egyptian Desert". The New York Times. 2010-09-06. Archived from the original on 2011-09-23. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2016-11-10.
  22. ^ Hoyle, Ben (18 July 2009). "British Museum and BBC reveal history of world in 100 objects". The Times. London. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
  23. ^ "Church bones 'belong to Caravaggio', researchers say". BBC News. UK: BBC. 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
  24. ^ "Aztec goddess Tlalecuhtli stone sculpture on display". Times of Malta. 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
  25. ^ "Is Werner Herzog's new 3-D documentary a huge forward leap or total folly?". latimes.com. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-22. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  27. ^ "Archaeologist proves Neanderthals appeared in Britain 40,000 years earlier than first thought". Culture24. 2010-06-02. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  28. ^ Parfitt, Simon A.; et al. (2010-07-08). "Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe" (PDF). Nature. 466 (7303): 229–233. doi:10.1038/nature09117. PMID 20613840. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
  29. ^ "Stone Age remains are Britain's earliest house". University of York. 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
  30. ^ McPherron, Shannon P.; et al. (2010). "Evidence for stone-tool-assisted consumption of animal tissues before 3.39 million years ago at Dikika, Ethiopia". Nature. 466 (7308): 857–60. doi:10.1038/nature09248. PMID 20703305. Archived from the original on 2010-12-04. Retrieved 2010-12-01.
  31. ^ "A review of Bjørnar Olsen: In Defense of things. Archaeology and the ontology of objects. Lanham: Altamira Press, 2010". web.stanford.edu. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  32. ^ "City of the Ram-man : the story of ancient Mendes". National Library of Australia. 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  33. ^ "Professor Donald Wiseman". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  34. ^ Carswell, John (26 October 2010). "Honor Frost obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  35. ^ Dove, Aytan (7 December 2010). "Ehud Netzer obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
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