2009 Papua earthquakes

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2009 Papua earthquakes
Papua earthquake shakemap.jpg
UTC time Doublet earthquake:    
  A: 2009-01-03 19:43:55
  B: 2009-01-03 22:33:42
ISC event  
  A: 13989025
  B: 13989020
USGS-ANSS  
  A: ComCat
  B: ComCat
Local date January 4, 2009
Local time
Magnitude  
  A: 7.6 Mw  (GCMT)[1]
  B: 7.4 Mw  (GCMT)[2]
Depth 30 km (19 mi) [3]
Epicenter 0°30′S 132°44′E / .5°S 132.74°E / -.5; 132.74Coordinates: 0°30′S 132°44′E / .5°S 132.74°E / -.5; 132.74
Type Thrust [4]
Areas affected Indonesia
Max. intensity

A: VI (Strong)[5]

B: VIII (Severe)[6]
Tsunami 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) [7]
Casualties 4 dead, dozens injured

The 2009 Papua earthquakes occurred on January 4 local time in Indonesia's West Papua province. The very large earthquake doublet comprised a magnitude 7.6 initial shock that had a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong) and a second very large event that had a moment magnitude of 7.4 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). The events took place less than three hours apart to the east-northeast of Sorong on the Bird's Head Peninsula and left at least four people dead and dozens injured.

An official of World Vision International, a humanitarian aid organization, said ten buildings had been totally destroyed, including several hotels and the house of a government official. Officials said three people, who had been staying at the Mutiara hotel in the city of Manokwari, were pulled alive from the rubble and taken to a hospital. Two hotels collapsed in the quake. There have been twenty-three aftershocks above magnitude 5.0 and another at magnitude 6.0. The earthquakes were also felt in nearby Papua New Guinea and Darwin, Australia.[8][full citation needed][9][full citation needed][10][full citation needed]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ ISC-EHB Event 13989025 [IRIS].
  2. ^ ISC-EHB Event 13989020 [IRIS].
  3. ^ ISC-GEM Event 13989020 [IRIS].
  4. ^ Poiata, Koketsu & Miyake 2010.
  5. ^ ANSS: Papua 2009a, Shakemap.
  6. ^ ANSS: Papua 2009b, Shakemap.
  7. ^ Poiata, Koketsu & Miyake 2010.
  8. ^ BBC News - Strong earthquake rocks Indonesia Retrieved on January 4, 2009
  9. ^ Indonesia earthquake kills at least four CNN. Retrieved on January 4, 2009
  10. ^ Quake hits Indonesia's Papua island, four dead Reuters. Retrieved on January 4, 2009

Sources

  • ANSS, "M7.7 - near the north coast of Papua, Indonesia", Comprehensive Catalog, U.S. Geological Survey 
  • ANSS, "M7.4 - near the north coast of Papua, Indonesia", Comprehensive Catalog, U.S. Geological Survey 
  • Poiata, N.; Koketsu, K.; Miyake, H. (2010), "Source processes of the 2009 Irian Jaya, Indonesia, earthquake doublet" (PDF), Earth, Planets and Space, 62 (5): 475, Bibcode:2010EP&S...62..475P, doi:10.5047/eps.2010.02.008 

External links

  • Earthquake in Papua, IndonesiaNASA Earth Observatory
  • The International Seismological Centre has a bibliography and/or authoritative data for this event.
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