1991 in science

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List of years in science (table)
  • 1988
  • 1989
  • 1990
  • 1991
  • 1992
  • 1993
  • 1994
  • The year 1991 in science and technology involved many significant events, some listed below.

    Astronomy and space exploration

    Chemistry

    Computer science

    Conservation

    Geophysics

    Mathematics

    Physics

    Physiology and medicine

    Technology

    • July 1 – World's first GSM telephone call made in Finland.

    Publications

    • The first open-access scientific online archive, arXiv, is begun as a preprint service for physicists, initiated by Paul Ginsparg.

    Awards

    Deaths

    References

    1. ^ "1991: Sharman becomes first Briton in space". BBC News. 1991-05-18. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-01. 
    2. ^ Iijima, Sumio (7 November 1991). "Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon". Nature. 354 (6348): 56–58. Bibcode:1991Natur.354...56I. doi:10.1038/354056a0. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
    3. ^ Monthioux, Marc; Kuznetsov, Vladimir L. (2006). "Who should be given the credit for the discovery of carbon nanotubes?" (PDF). Carbon. 44 (9): 1621. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2006.03.019. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
    4. ^ Zimmermann, Philip (2001-06-05). "PGP Marks 10th Anniversary". Retrieved 2012-01-28. 
    5. ^ "Welcome to info.cern.ch, the website of the world's first-ever web server". CERN. Archived from the original on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
    6. ^ "World Wide Web—Archive of world's first website". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
    7. ^ "World Wide Web—First mentioned on USENET". Google. 6 August 1991. Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
    8. ^ "The original post to alt.hypertalk describing the WorldWideWeb Project". Google Groups. Google. 9 August 1991. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
    9. ^ Pope, Kevin O.; et al. (9 May 1991). "Mexican site for K/T impact crater?" (PDF). Nature. 351 (6322): 105. Bibcode:1991Natur.351..105P. doi:10.1038/351105a0. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
    10. ^ Hildebrand, Alan R.; Penfield, Glen T.; Kring, David A.; Pilkington, Mark; Zanoguera, Antonio Camargo; Jacobsen, Stein B.; Boynton, William V. (September 1991). "Chicxulub Crater: a possible Cretaceous/Tertiary Boundary impact crater on the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico". Geology. 19 (9): 867–871. Bibcode:1991Geo....19..867H. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1991)019<0867:CCAPCT>2.3.CO;2. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
    11. ^ Schulte, Peter; et al. (2010). "The Chicxulub Asteroid Impact and Mass Extinction at the Cretaceous- Paleogene Boundary" (PDF). Science. 327 (5970): 1214–1218. Bibcode:2010Sci...327.1214S. doi:10.1126/science.1177265. PMID 20203042. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
    12. ^ Candelas, Philip; de la Ossa, Xenia; Green, Paul; Parks, Linda (1991). "A pair of Calabi–Yau manifolds as an exactly soluble superconformal field theory". Nuclear Physics B. 359 (1): 21–74. Bibcode:1991NuPhB.359...21C. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(91)90292-6. 
    13. ^ Wang, Qiudong (1991). "The global solution of the n-body problem". Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. 50 (1): 73–88. Bibcode:1991CeMDA..50...73W. doi:10.1007/BF00048987. ISSN 0923-2958. 
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