1985–86 in English football

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 1985–86 season was the 106th season of competitive football in England.

Overview

First Division

The championship went to Liverpool for the 16th time in their history, with neighbours Everton finishing second. West Ham United came third and Manchester United finished in fourth place.

Going down from the First Division were Ipswich Town, Birmingham City and West Bromwich Albion..

The first half of the season was witnessed only in the flesh, as a dispute over the television rights meant no Football League action was seen by TV viewers until January 1986.[1]

Second Division

League Cup holders Norwich City, Charlton Athletic, and Wimbledon were promoted to the First Division.

Carlisle United, Fulham and Middlesbrough were relegated to the Third Division.

Third Division

The Third Division promotion places in 1985–86 went to Reading, Plymouth Argyle and Derby County.

Lincoln City, Cardiff City, Wolverhampton Wanderers and Swansea City were relegated.

Fourth Division

Swindon Town, Chester City, Mansfield Town and Port Vale occupied the Fourth Division promotion places in 1985–86.

1985–86 was the last season of re-election before the introduction of automatic relegation from the Fourth Division.

FA Cup

Liverpool beat neighbours Everton 3–1 in the final, with Ian Rush scoring twice, to complete only the third league championship and FA Cup double of the 20th century.

League Cup

Oxford United marked their First Division debut season with an impressive 3–0 victory over QPR in the League Cup final.[2]

National team

England reached the 1986 World Cup quarter-finals where they lost 2–1 to eventual winners Argentina, whose first goal by Diego Maradona, scored with his hand, was described as "The Hand of God".

Honours

Competition Winner Runner-up
First Division Liverpool (16*) Everton
Second Division Norwich City Charlton Athletic
Third Division Reading Plymouth Argyle
Fourth Division Swindon Town Chester City
FA Cup Liverpool (3) Everton
League Cup Oxford United (1) Queens Park Rangers
Charity Shield Everton Manchester United

Notes = Number in parentheses is the times that club has won that honour. * indicates new record for competition

Famous debutants

31 August 1985 – Ian Wright, 21-year-old striker, makes his debut for Crystal Palace in 3–2 defeat by Huddersfield Town at Selhurst Park in the Second Division soon after joining the club from non-league Greenwich Borough.[3]

28 September 1985 – David Rocastle, 18-year-old midfielder, makes his debut for Arsenal in 1–1 draw with Newcastle United in the First Division at Highbury.[4]

23 November 1985 – Martin Keown, 19-year-old defender, makes his debut for Arsenal in a goalless draw with West Bromwich Albion at The Hawthorns.[5]

Top goalscorers

First Division

Second Division

Third Division

Fourth Division

Diary of the season

12 August 1985 – Sheffield Wednesday sign striker Garry Thompson from West Bromwich Albion for £450,000.[7]

31 August 1985 – The first month of the season ends with Manchester United as leaders after five straight wins. Sheffield Wednesday's renaissance continues as they occupy second place, while Chelsea and Newcastle United fill the next two places, under their respective new managers John Hollins and Willie McFaul. After a poor start, Everton climb to fifth as Gary Lineker scores a hat-trick in a 4–1 win over Birmingham City at Goodison Park.[8] In the Second Division, Portsmouth head the promotion race, joined in the top three by Blackburn Rovers and Oldham Athletic. Pre-season promotion favourites Sunderland prop up the table after losing their first five matches of the season without scoring, while Leeds United occupy 20th place with two draws and three defeats so far.[9]

13 September 1985 – Sheffield Wednesday sign midfielder Mark Chamberlain from Stoke City for £300,000.[7]

28 September 1985 – Charlton Athletic depart from their Valley stadium following a damning inspection report by safety officials, and begin a groundshare with Crystal Palace.[10]

30 September 1985 – The month ends with Manchester United already nine points clear of second-placed Liverpool.[11] Chelsea and Newcastle United are a further three points adrift.[12] In the Second Division, Portsmouth lead the way with 23 points from their opening 10 games, with Oldham Athletic and Blackburn Rovers once again completing the top three. Sunderland improve to 20th in the division, with eight points.[13]

5 October 1985 – Manchester United's 100% start to the season ends as they draw 1–1 at Luton Town, leaving them one game short of the record 11-match winning start set by Tottenham Hotspur 25 years ago. However, they extend their lead at the top of the table to ten points as Liverpool lose 2-1 at Queens Park Rangers.[14]

17 October 1985 – Southampton sign midfielder Glenn Cockerill from Sheffield United for £225,000.[7]

23 October 1985 – After starting the season with a record 13 successive league wins, Third Division leaders Reading finally drop points with a 2–2 home draw against Wolverhampton Wanderers, who are struggling in the Third Division after two consecutive relegations.[15]

31 October 1985 – Manchester United are still top of the First Division as October ends, with twelve wins and two draws from their opening fourteen games, and a ten-point lead over Liverpool. West Bromwich Albion, Ipswich Town and Manchester City lie in the relegation zone.[16] Portsmouth now lead the Second Division with a seven-point advantage over second placed Blackburn Rovers, while Charlton Athletic have crept into third place, forcing Oldham Athletic out of the top three on goal difference. If the current top three clubs are promoted this season, it will mark the end of their First Division absences which have lasted for between 20 and 30 years. Wimbledon, in only their ninth season as a Football League team and their second in this division, are emerging as surprise contenders for promotion.[17]

30 November 1985 – Manchester United are two points ahead of Liverpool, with West Ham United and Sheffield Wednesday following.[citation needed] The Second Division promotion race is wide open, with the top six clubs – Portsmouth, Sheffield United, Charlton Athletic, Norwich City, Wimbledon and Crystal Palace – separated by a margin of just four points.[18]

14 December 1985 – Manchester United move five points ahead at the top of the First Division with a 3–1 win at struggling Aston Villa, who are in danger of relegation four seasons after winning the European Cup and five years after being league champions. Liverpool's title hopes are hit by a 2–0 away defeat against Arsenal, whose 19-year-old Irish striker Niall Quinn scores on his debut. West Ham United are level on points with second-placed Liverpool, after a 2–0 win over relegation-threatened Birmingham City.[19]

22 December 1985 – Division One strugglers West Bromwich Albion pick up a rare victory, winning 3–1 against Watford. In the Second Division, a 1–0 win for Portsmouth (over Carlisle United) is enough for them to go level on points with Norwich at the top of the table, while victories for Derby and Blackpool put them into second and third respectively in Division Three. In the bottom tier, Halifax score three inside 37 minutes against Scunthorpe United, only for Iron forward John Hawley to bag a hat-trick and win his side a point.[20]

31 December 1985 – Manchester United finish the year still top of the league, two points ahead of Chelsea and three clear of Everton and Liverpool. With just two wins so far, West Bromwich Albion remain bottom, and Ipswich Town and Birmingham City also remain in the relegation zone.[21] Norwich City are the Second Division leaders, with Portsmouth and Charlton Athletic completing the top three.[22]

2 January 1986 – Second Division strugglers Middlesbrough are reported to be £1million in debt. Peterborough United fan Barry Fox, 22, is jailed for three years for punching a policeman unconscious[23] in the game against Northampton Town at London Road on 12 October.[24]

4 January 1986 – In the FA Cup third round, Leicester City are beaten 3–1 by Third Division Bristol Rovers.[25]

18 January 1986 – Manchester United are still top of the First Division, but now hold just a two-point margin over Everton, Liverpool and Chelsea. Gary Lineker reaches the 20-goal mark in the First Division by scoring twice for Everton in their 2–0 away win over struggling Birmingham City.[26]

4 February 1986 – Everton sign striker Warren Aspinall from Wigan Athletic for £150,000.[7]

28 February 1986 – Leaders Everton are three points ahead of Manchester United, who have a game in hand, at the end of the month. Liverpool are now eight points behind, level with Chelsea, but the London club have played three matches fewer. Aston Villa, just five years after being league champions, have slipped into the relegation zone alongside West Midlands rivals West Bromwich Albion and Birmingham City.[27] Norwich City, Portsmouth and Charlton Athletic head the Second Division promotion race.[28]

4 March 1986 – Everton become the only team not to require a replay to reach the FA Cup sixth round when they win 2–1 away to Tottenham Hotspur.[29]

8 March 1986 – Everton come from two goals down to draw 2–2 with Luton Town in the FA Cup sixth round.[30] In the First Division, the beleaguered bottom two from the West Midlands, Birmingham City and West Bromwich Albion, both concede five away from home, to Sheffield Wednesday and Tottenham respectively.[31]

12 March 1986 – Oxford United reach the League Cup final for the first time after beating Aston Villa 4–3 on aggregate. Manchester United sign striker Peter Davenport from Nottingham Forest for £750,000.[7] The England U-21 national side defeats Denmark 1–0 in the European Championship quarter-final first leg in Copenhagen, with the only goal of the game coming from Coventry City midfielder Nick Pickering.[32]

21 March 1986 – Manchester United announce that striker Mark Hughes is to join Barcelona, managed by former QPR and Crystal Palace boss Terry Venables, for a fee of £2million at the end of the season.[citation needed]

23 March 1986 – The first final of the Full Members Cup is played at Wembley Stadium, with Chelsea defeating Manchester City 5–4 with a hat-trick from David Speedie and two goals from Colin Lee. They had been 5–1 up after 85 minutes before three City goals saw their lead cut to a single goal.[33]

25 March 1986 – Steve Perryman, 34, ends his 17-year spell at Tottenham Hotspur and signs for Oxford United on a free transfer.[7]

26 March 1986 – The return leg of the under-21 European Championship quarter-final sees England reach the next stage by drawing 1–1 with Denmark at Maine Road, with Aston Villa defender Paul Elliott equalising after the Danes took a 1–0 lead in the first half.[32]

31 March 1986 – After five wins and a draw in March, Liverpool lead the table on goal difference over an Everton side who have a game in hand, while Manchester United are five points off the top in third place.[citation needed] Norwich City are looking all set for an immediate return to the First Division as runaway leaders of the Second Division, joined in the top three by Portsmouth and Wimbledon.[34]

5 April 1986 – Liverpool beat Southampton 2–0 in the FA Cup semi-final at White Hart Lane to keep their double hopes alive, and end Southampton's hopes of gaining silverware in the first season under Chris Nicholl's management. Everton keep their own double bid on track with a 2–1 win over Sheffield Wednesday in the other semi-final at Villa Park.[citation needed]

9 April 1986 – England's hopes of European Championship glory at under-21 level are dealt with a huge blow when they lose 2–0 to Italy in Pisa in the semi-final first leg.[32]

12 April 1986 – West Bromwich Albion are relegated from the First Division after losing 1–0 at Queens Park Rangers.[35]

14 April 1986 – Tottenham Hotspur agree a £50,000 fee with Millwall for 18-year-old defender Neil Ruddock.[7]

19 April 1986 – Birmingham City lose 2–0 at home to Southampton and are relegated from the First Division just one season after promotion.[36]

20 April 1986 – Oxford United beat QPR 3–0 in the League Cup final at Wembley, to win the first major piece of silverware in their history.[2]

21 April 1986 – West Ham United beat Newcastle United 8–1 in the league at Upton Park, with defender Alvin Martin scoring a hat-trick.[37]

23 April 1986 – England's under-21 European dream is over as they can only manage a 1–1 draw with Italy at the County Ground in Swindon, with Arsenal midfielder Stewart Robson scoring their only goal.[32]

26 April 1986 – Wolverhampton Wanderers become the third West Midlands club to be relegated this season, and become only the second English league club ever to suffer three successive relegations, after their descent into the Fourth Division is confirmed. Their slump echoes that of Bristol City four years earlier. Liverpool defender Gary Gillespie of Liverpool scores a hat-trick in a 5–0 league win over relegated Birmingham City at Anfield, while Everton are held 0-0 by Nottingham Forest.[38]

30 April 1986 – Everton suffer a shock 1–0 defeat to Oxford United, and control of the title race passes to Liverpool, who beat Leicester City 2–0. Liverpool, with one match remaining, are four points ahead of West Ham United and five ahead of Everton, who both have two games left. After three home wins in April, Aston Villa have improved to 16th position, but Ipswich Town, Coventry City, Leicester City and Oxford United remain in the relegation battle.[39] Norwich City's return to the First Division as Second Division champions.[citation needed]

1 May 1986 – Chelsea agree a fee of £400,000 for Hibernian striker Gordon Durie.[7]

3 May 1986 – Player-manager Kenny Dalglish scores the only goal as Liverpool beat Chelsea at Stamford Bridge to win the First Division title. Everton win Southampton 6-1, which was 4-0 after 20 minutes. Ipswich Town lose their last match 1–0 to Sheffield Wednesday, and are two points ahead of 20th-place Oxford United, who still have one match remaining. Coventry City and Leicester City secure survival with home wins. Charlton Athletic seal promotion from the Second Division with a 3–2 win at relegation-threatened Carlisle United, and Wimbledon seal promotion to the First Division just nine years after being elected to the Football League.[citation needed]

5 May 1986 – Oxford United beat Arsenal 3–0 in their final game to avoid relegation, and send Ipswich Town down to the Second Division. Everton clinch the runners-up spot in the First Division after a 3–1 home win over third-placed West Ham United, with two goals from Gary Lineker meaning that he finishes as the First Division's leading scorer on 30 goals. Chelsea end the season with their fourth consecutive defeat, losing 5–1 at home to Watford.[40]

6 May 1986 – Everton manager Howard Kendall dismisses speculation that top scorer Gary Lineker will sign for Barcelona.[41]

10 May 1986 – Ian Rush scores twice as Liverpool come from behind to beat Everton 3–1 in the first-ever all-Merseyside FA Cup final. Liverpool become the fifth club in history to win the league championship and FA Cup double. Rush, however, could soon be on his way to Italy to sign for Juventus, according to media reports.[42]

22 May 1986 – 20-year-old defender Denis Irwin joins Oldham Athletic on a free transfer from Leeds United.[7]

3 June 1986 – England lose 1–0 to Portugal in their opening World Cup game.

5 June 1986 – Coventry City sign winger David Phillips from Manchester City for £150,000.[7]

6 June 1986 – A goalless draw with Morocco leaves England needing to win their final group game in order to qualify for the second round of the World Cup.

8 June 1986 – Ian Rush agrees to sign for Juventus for a fee of £3million, but could be loaned back to Liverpool for the 1986-87 season.[43]

11 June 1986 – Gary Lineker scores a hat-trick in England's 3–0 victory over Poland which sends them through to the second round of the World Cup.

13 June 1986 – Southampton sign 19-year-old goalkeeper Tim Flowers from Wolverhampton Wanderers for £70,000, while 23-year-old midfielder Ian Crook joins Norwich City from Tottenham Hotspur for £80,000.[7]

18 June 1986 – England beat Paraguay 3–0 to reach the World Cup quarter-finals for the first time since 1970.

22 June 1986 – England's World Cup challenge is ended in the quarter-finals when they lose 2–1 to Argentina. Diego Maradona scores both goals for Argentina, his first goal being the controversial "Hand of God" goal which was allowed despite being an obvious handball.

League tables

First Division

Pos Club P W D L F A GD Pts
1 Liverpool 42 26 10 6 89 37 +52 88
2 Everton 42 26 8 8 87 41 +46 86
3 West Ham United 42 26 6 10 74 40 +34 84
4 Manchester United 42 22 10 10 70 36 +34 76
5 Sheffield Wednesday 42 21 10 11 63 54 +9 73
6 Chelsea 42 20 11 11 57 56 +1 71
7 Arsenal 42 20 9 13 49 47 +2 69
8 Nottingham Forest 42 19 11 12 69 53 +16 68
9 Luton Town 42 18 12 12 61 44 +17 66
10 Tottenham Hotspur 42 19 8 15 74 52 +22 65
11 Newcastle United 42 17 12 13 67 72 −5 63
12 Watford 42 16 11 15 69 62 +7 59
13 Queens Park Rangers 42 15 7 20 53 64 −11 52
14 Southampton 42 12 10 20 51 62 −11 46
15 Manchester City 42 11 12 19 43 57 −14 45
16 Aston Villa 42 10 14 18 51 67 −16 44
17 Coventry City 42 11 10 21 48 71 −23 43
18 Oxford United 42 10 12 20 62 80 −18 42
19 Leicester City 42 10 12 20 54 76 −22 42
20 Ipswich Town 42 11 8 23 32 55 −23 41
21 Birmingham City 42 8 5 29 30 73 −43 29
22 West Bromwich Albion 42 4 12 26 35 89 −54 24
Key
Champions
Qualified for the promotion/relegation playoffs
Relegated to Division Two

P = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points

Second Division

Pos Club P W D L F A GD Pts
1 Norwich City 42 25 9 8 84 37 +47 84
2 Charlton Athletic 42 22 11 9 78 45 +33 77
3 Wimbledon 42 21 13 8 58 37 +21 76
4 Portsmouth 42 22 7 13 69 41 +28 73
5 Crystal Palace 42 19 9 14 57 52 +5 66
6 Hull City 42 17 13 12 65 55 +10 64
7 Sheffield United 42 17 11 14 64 63 +1 62
8 Oldham Athletic 42 17 9 16 62 61 +1 60
9 Millwall 42 17 8 17 64 65 −1 59
10 Stoke City 42 14 15 13 48 50 −2 57
11 Brighton & Hove Albion 42 16 8 18 64 64 +0 56
12 Barnsley 42 14 14 14 47 50 −3 56
13 Bradford City 42 16 6 20 51 63 −12 54
14 Leeds United 42 15 8 19 56 72 −16 53
15 Grimsby Town 42 14 10 18 58 62 −4 52
16 Huddersfield Town 42 14 10 18 51 67 −16 52
17 Shrewsbury Town 42 14 9 19 52 64 −12 51
18 Sunderland 42 13 11 18 47 61 −14 50
19 Blackburn Rovers 42 12 13 17 53 62 −9 49
20 Carlisle United 42 13 7 22 47 71 −24 46
21 Middlesbrough 42 12 9 21 44 53 −9 45
22 Fulham 42 10 6 26 45 69 −24 36
Key
Promoted to Division One
Qualified for the promotion/relegation playoffs
Relegated to Division Three

P = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points

Third Division

Pos Club P W D L F A GD Pts
1 Reading 46 29 7 10 67 51 +16 94
2 Plymouth Argyle 46 26 9 11 88 53 +35 87
3 Derby County 46 23 15 8 80 41 +39 84
4 Wigan Athletic 46 23 14 9 82 48 +34 83
5 Gillingham 46 22 13 11 81 54 +27 79
6 Walsall 46 22 9 15 90 64 +26 75
7 York City 46 20 11 15 77 58 +19 71
8 Notts County 46 19 14 13 71 60 +11 71
9 Bristol City 46 18 14 14 69 60 +9 68
10 Brentford 46 18 12 16 58 61 −3 66
11 Doncaster Rovers 46 16 16 14 45 52 −7 64
12 Blackpool 46 17 12 17 66 55 +11 63
13 Darlington 46 15 13 18 61 78 −17 58
14 Rotherham United 46 15 12 19 61 59 +2 57
15 Bournemouth 46 15 9 22 65 72 −7 54
16 Bristol Rovers 46 14 12 20 51 75 −24 54
17 Chesterfield 46 13 14 19 61 64 −3 53
18 Bolton Wanderers 46 15 8 23 54 68 −14 53
19 Newport County 46 11 18 17 52 65 −13 51
20 Bury 46 12 13 21 63 67 −4 49
21 Lincoln City 46 10 16 20 55 77 −22 46
22 Cardiff City 46 12 9 25 53 83 −30 45
23 Wolverhampton Wanderers 46 11 10 25 57 98 −41 43
24 Swansea City 46 11 10 25 43 87 −44 43
Key
Promoted to Division Two
Relegated to Division Four

P = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points

Fourth Division

Pos Club P W D L F A GD Pts
1 Swindon Town 46 32 6 8 82 43 +39 102
2 Chester City 46 23 15 8 83 50 +33 84
3 Mansfield Town 46 23 12 11 74 47 +27 81
4 Port Vale 46 21 16 9 67 37 +30 79
5 Orient 46 20 12 14 79 64 +15 72
6 Colchester United 46 19 13 14 88 63 +25 70
7 Hartlepool United 46 20 10 16 68 67 +1 70
8 Northampton Town 46 18 10 18 79 58 +21 64
9 Southend United 46 18 10 18 69 67 +2 64
10 Hereford United 46 18 10 18 74 73 +1 64
11 Stockport County 46 17 13 16 63 71 −8 64
12 Crewe Alexandra 46 18 9 19 54 61 −7 63
13 Wrexham 46 17 9 20 68 80 −12 60
14 Burnley 46 16 11 19 60 65 −5 59
15 Scunthorpe United 46 15 14 17 50 55 −5 59
16 Aldershot 46 17 7 22 66 74 −8 58
17 Peterborough United 46 13 17 16 52 64 −12 56
18 Rochdale 46 14 13 19 57 77 −20 55
19 Tranmere Rovers 46 15 9 22 74 73 +1 54
20 Halifax Town 46 14 12 20 60 71 −11 54
21 Exeter City 46 13 15 18 47 59 −12 54
22 Cambridge United 46 15 9 22 65 80 −15 54
23 Preston North End 46 11 10 25 54 89 −35 43
24 Torquay United 46 9 10 27 43 88 −45 37
Key
Promoted to Division Three

P = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points

References

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