1979 Bessbrook bombing

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Bessbrook bombing
Part of the Troubles
1979 Bessbrook bombing is located in Northern Ireland
1979 Bessbrook bombing
Location Near Bessbrook, County Armagh,
,
Northern Ireland
Coordinates 54°31′42″N 7°12′39″W / 54.52833°N 7.21083°W / 54.52833; -7.21083Coordinates: 54°31′42″N 7°12′39″W / 54.52833°N 7.21083°W / 54.52833; -7.21083
Date 17 April 1979
20:00
Target Royal Ulster Constabulary personnel
Attack type
Roadside bomb
Deaths 4 RUC Officers
Non-fatal injuries
0
Perpetrator Provisional IRA
South Armagh Brigade

The Bessbrook bombing took place on the 17 April 1979 when four Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers were killed when the Provisional IRA exploded an estimated 1,000 pound roadside van bomb at Bessbrook, County Armagh, believed to be the largest bomb used by the IRA up to that point.

Background

The bombing occurred during a period of heightened IRA activity. 1977 and 1978 had been some of the less active and less violent years during the Troubles, the British policy of criminalization seemed to be working but the IRA was gearing up for a new out and out offensive. In 1976 295 people were killed compared with 111 in 1977 and 80 in 1978 but in 1979 the number increased to 120 with 76 being British security force members compared to just 34 in 1978.[1] The whole IRA "battalion structure" had over gone a military reconstruction using more smaller, tight knit cells making the IRA more secretive, harder to infiltrate and made them much more effective at carrying out larger operations. The only brigade area which did not go under this reconstruction was the South Armagh Brigade which was viewed by the IRA Army Council as an independent Republic, in fact by the mid 1970s South Armagh had become so dangerous for the British security forces, who would be snipped at and have bombs thrown at them when ever they entered the area on foot they now had to be airlifted into the area and ground patrols were stopped altogether effectively giving up the ground to the South Armagh PIRA.

Bombing

While the four Protestant members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary were on an evening patrol, they were all killed [2] outright when a Provisional IRA unit detonated a remote-controlled bomb hidden in a parked van, and the IRA unit detonated the well hidden bomb at the exact second the RUC mobile patrol was passing giving the officers no chance of survival. The dead RUC men were, Paul Gray (25), Robert Lockhart (44), Richard Baird (28) and Noel Webb (30).[3]

The bomb was estimated at 1,000 lb and was believed to be the largest bomb used by the IRA up to that date.

In January 1981, Patrick Joseph Traynor (27) from Crossmaglen was found guilty of the four murders and a range of other charges. He was jailed for life on each of the four murder charges and was sentenced to 12 years for the related crimes.[4]

Aftermath

The IRA continued to intensify their campaign. On 29 August 1979 the IRA carried out two separate attacks in North & South of Ireland that shocked the world & gave huge media coverage to their campaign.[5] The first was the killing of Lord Mountbatten & his grandson when the boat they were on of the Sligo coast was blown up by a remote controlled bomb, killing Mounbatten instantly. The second was the Warrenpoint Ambush where the IRA killed 18 British soldiers in a double bomb attack, the highest loss of life for the British Army during the Troubles.[6] The IRA would carry out several of these type of large attacks against the British forces through out the 1980's like the 1983 Ballygawley Land Mine Attack which killed four soldiers, the 1988 Lisburn van bombing which kiled six soldiers & the Ballygawley bus bombing also carried out in 1988 which killed eight soldiers & injured 28. [7] [8] [9]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.wesleyjohnston.com/users/ireland/past/troubles/deaths_by_year.html
  2. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=17&month=04&year=1979
  3. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch79.htm#Apr
  4. ^ http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/lifestyle/day-one-the-victims-13413327.html Belfast Telegraph (12 February 2007). Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  5. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch79.htm#Aug
  6. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=27&month=08&year=1979
  7. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=13&month=07&year=1983
  8. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=15&month=06&year=1988
  9. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=20&month=08&year=1988
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