1974 Tower of London bombing

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1974 Tower of London bombing
Part of the Troubles (suspected)
London - White Tower2-2.jpg
The White Tower
Location London, United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°30′29″N 0°04′33″E / 51.5081°N 0.0759°E / 51.5081; 0.0759Coordinates: 51°30′29″N 0°04′33″E / 51.5081°N 0.0759°E / 51.5081; 0.0759
Date 17 July 1974
2:30 pm (UTC)
Attack type
Bombing
Deaths 1
Non-fatal injuries
41
Perpetrator Provisional IRA (suspected)

The 1974 Tower of London bombing happened on 17 July 1974 with the explosion of a 10-14 lb bomb in the White Tower of the Tower of London.[1] The blast left one person dead and injured 41 people, with many having lost limbs and suffering severe face injuries. The victim who lost her life was Dorothy Household. At the time the Tower was busy with tourists. A dozen of the injuries were children.[2] The bomb was placed along a wooden carriage of an 18th century bronze cannon inside the Mortar Room. The gun carriage was destroyed.[3]

Nobody ever claimed responsibility for the attack, but it was widely believed the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) was behind it. A month before the bomb, the IRA bombed the Houses of Parliament in which several people were injured and huge fire caused significant damage to a hall in the building.[4][5]

1974 was the worst year of the Troubles in England, along with the Tower of London bomb these other serious attacks took place which killed & seriously injured people and caused huge amounts of structural damage. In February of that year 12 people were killed in the M62 coach bombing, in October and November 7 people were killed in the Guildford pub bombings & Woolwich pub bombing, in November 21 people were killed in the Birmingham pub bombings,also in November 1 person was killed & dozens injured in Pillar box bombings around Chelsea, in December 18 people were injured in a double bomb attack in Bristol, and the Oxford Street bombing in December injured 9 people and caused £1.5million worth of damage.[6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1974/jul/17/tower-of-london-explosion-1
  2. ^ Times, Special To the New York (18 July 1974). "Tower of London Bomb Kills1, Hurts 41" – via NYTimes.com. 
  3. ^ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1674219/
  4. ^ "1974: Bomb blast at the Tower of London". 17 July 1974 – via news.bbc.co.uk. 
  5. ^ "1974: 'We heard a muffled boom'". 17 July 1974 – via news.bbc.co.uk. 
  6. ^ ttps://bookonal IRA bombings in a Post Office Box in Tite Street, Chelsea, London - 27 November 1974
  7. ^ https://www.bristolpost.co.uk/news/history/bristol-bombed-ira-758106 s.google.ie/books?isbn=1504936043
  8. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/4/newsid_4148000/4148933.stm 1974: Soldiers and children killed in coach bombing
  9. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1990/02/25/magazine/when-british-justice-failed.html When British Justice Failed
  10. ^ https://www.rte.ie/archives/2014/1121/660975-birmingham-bombings-1974/ 21 Killed and 182 Injured in Birmingham 1974
  11. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l8CgqPX7Gzc When Bristol was bombed by the IRA
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