1970 in Israel

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See also: Other events of 1970
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Events in the year 1970 in Israel.



Israeli–Palestinian conflict

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1970 include:

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

The most prominent Palestinian Arab terror attacks committed against Israelis during 1970 include:

  • 10 February – An unsuccessful plane hijack attempt in which Palestinian Arab militants from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine attack a bus containing El Al passengers at Munich airport, killing one passenger and wounding 11 (among them Israeli actress Hanna Maron).[6][7]
  • 21 February – A mid-air bomb explosion cripples Swissair Flight 330 nine minutes after take-off from Zürich to Tel Aviv. Forty-seven people die when the aircraft crashes while attempting an emergency landing at Zürich, of whom 15 are Israelis. The Palestinian Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine organization claims responsibility for the attack.[8]
  • 4 May – Two armed Palestinians break into the Israeli Embassy in Asunción, Paraguay, and open fire with pistols, killing one person and seriously wounding another.[9][10]
  • 22 May – Avivim school bus massacre: Palestinian Arab militants from the Palestine Liberation Organization attack the community school bus from the Israeli moshav Avivim, killing nine children and three adults, and crippling for life 19 children.[11]
  • 6 September - Dawson's Field hijackings: simultaneous attempts to hijack four airliners by Palestinian militants belonging to the PFLP. Two planes landed in Dawson's Field, a remote desert airstrip in Jordan. A hijacking attempt on an El Al flight was thwarted and an American hijacked plane is diverted to Cairo and blown up after the passengers evacuated.
  • 9 September - Dawson's Field hijackings: A BOAC flight is hijacked by a PFLP sympathizer and diverted to the airstrip in Jordan.
  • 11 September – Dawson's Field hijackings: The Dawson's Field hijackers release 88 of their hostages. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until 25 September.[12]
  • 12 September – Dawson's Field hijackings: the PFLP used explosives to destroy the three empty planes, as they anticipated a counterstrike.[13]
  • 7 November 1970 bombing of Tel Aviv Central Bus Station kills 1 injures 24.[14]

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets

The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 1970 include:

Unknown dates

  • The founding of the moshav Tzofar.
  • The relocation of Palestinians to South America

Notable births

Notable deaths

  • 15 January – Leah Goldberg (born 1911), German-born Israeli poet, author, playwright, translator, and researcher of Hebrew literature.
  • 18 January – Hanoch Yelon (born 1886), Austro-Hungarian (Galicia)-born Israeli linguist and leading Talmudic researcher.
  • 29 January – Aryeh Ben-Eliezer (born 1913), Russian (Lithuania)-born a Revisionist Zionist leader, Irgun member and Israeli politician.
  • 17 February – Shmuel Yosef Agnon (born 1888), Austro-Hungarian (Galicia)-born Israeli author and Nobel Prize laureate.
  • 28 March – Nathan Alterman (born 1910), Russian (Poland)-born Israeli poet, playwright, journalist and translator.
  • 3 April – Avigdor Hameiri (born 1890), Austro-Hungarian (Carpathian Ruthenia)-born Israeli author.
  • 9 June – Yeshayahu Forder (born 1901), German-born Israeli lawyer and politician.
  • 12 June – Yisrael Barzilai (born 1913), Polish-born Israeli politician.
  • 16 July – Haim-Moshe Shapira (born 1902), Russian (Poland)-born Israeli politician.
  • 7 August – Eliezer Steinman (born 1892), Russian (Poland/Ukraine)-born Israeli writer, journalist and editor.
  • 6 September – Zalman Aran (born 1899), Russian (Ukraine)-born Zionist activist, educator and Israeli politician.
  • 7 September – Yitzhak Gruenbaum (born 1897), Russian (Poland)-Zionist leader and the first Interior Minister of Israel.
  • 11 September – Moshe Kelmer (born 1901), Polish-born Israeli politician.
  • 13 September – Emanuel Goldberg (born 1881), Russian-born Israeli chemist.

Major public holidays

See also


  1. ^ Gawrych 2000, pp. 115-116
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ Lambert, Tom (1 August 1970). "Israel Accepts U.S. Proposal for Cease-Fire 'in Principle'". 
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ [4]
  7. ^ [5]
  8. ^ [6]
  9. ^ Lazaroff, Tovah. "Foreign Ministry honors staffers killed in terrorist attacks." Jerusalem Post. 19 April 2010.
  10. ^ Arab Terrorists Invade Israeli Embassy; Kill 1
  11. ^ Fellows, Lawrence (23 May 1970). "Israeli Children Are Principal Victims of an Ambush Close to Lebanon; 11 ISRAELIS KILLED IN ROCKET ATTACK ON A SCHOOL BUS Most Victims Are Children in Ambush Near Lebanon Arab Villages Shelled 11 ISRAELIS KILLED IN ATTACK ON BUS". The New York Times. 
  12. ^ Charlton, Linda (12 September 1970). "ARABS RELEASE SOME PASSENGERS, BUT HOLD MANY ON JETS IN DESERT; NIXON PUTS GUARDS ON U.S. PLANES; 88 ARE FLOWN OUT Status of Negotiation On Rest of Hostages Remains Unclear Some Hostages Freed, Many Still Held in Jets". The New York Times. 
  13. ^ BBC News, On This Day: 12 September. "Hijacked jets destroyed by guerrillas". BBC News. 12 September 1970. Retrieved 1 May 2006. 
  14. ^ "Tel Aviv Bombings Kill One and Hurt 24". New York Times. AP. 7 November 1970. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 

External links

  • John Tofik Karam, "On the Trail and Trial of a Palestinian Diaspora: Mapping South America in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1967-1972"

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