1970 RUC booby-trap bombing

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1970 RUC booby-trap bombing
Part of the Troubles
1970 RUC booby-trap bombing is located in Northern Ireland
1970 RUC booby-trap bombing
Location Crossmaglen,
County Armagh,
Northern Ireland
Coordinates 54°7′55.72″N 6°34′57.10″W / 54.1321444°N 6.5825278°W / 54.1321444; -6.5825278Coordinates: 54°7′55.72″N 6°34′57.10″W / 54.1321444°N 6.5825278°W / 54.1321444; -6.5825278
Date 11 August 1970
12:30 a.m.
Target Royal Ulster Constabulary personnel
Attack type
booby-traped car bomb
Deaths 2 RUC Officers
Non-fatal injuries
0
Perpetrator Provisional IRA
South Armagh Brigade

The 1970 RUC booby-trap bombing was an incident that took place in Crossmaglen, County Armagh, Northern Ireland, on 11 August 1970 where two Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers were killed in an explosion when they triggered a booby trap bomb planted under a car by the IRA. [1][2][3] These were the first RUC officers to be killed by the Provisional IRA (PIRA) and the first security forces to be killed in South Armagh, an IRA stronghold for much of the Troubles.

Background

The conflict known as Troubles had started a year earlier in August 1969 with the Battle of the Bogside followed by the August 1969 riots where loyalists had gone on the rampage burning hundreds of Catholics from their homes in Belfast and shooting several dead. Soon after the British Army was called in to restore the peace.

Initially, relations between the British Army and the local Nationalist community were good but relations soon soured after the Lower Falls Curfew of July 1970 during which the Army shot dead four Catholic civilians and looted people's homes in the curfew area. This was a turning point in the conflict as it turned most Nationalists against the British Army when at first they saw the Army as a neutral force in the conflict. Soon after the Falls Curfew there were regular confrontations between the Army and the local population and rioting in Nationalist areas.

The bombing

The bombing occurred when an IRA booby-trap bomb attached to an abandoned Ford Cortina near Crossmaglen, South Armagh was found by the two RUC officers. The bomb contained 20 lb (9.1 kg) of gelignite and exploded when one of the officers attempted to open one of the car's doors seriously injuring the two officers (Samuel Donaldson, 23, and Robert Millar, 26) who both died the next day. These were the first security forces to be killed during the conflict between 1970-1998.[4][5][6] The car had been stolen outside Ardmore Hotel in Newry on 7 August. The action was planned and executed by an active service unit made up of IRA members from Navan, County Meath and Inniskeen, County Monaghan, both in the Republic of Ireland. The group was led by high-profile republican Seán Mac Stiofáin.[7]

Aftermath

The next killing of a member of the British security forces by the PIRA would occur the following year in February, when the PIRA shot and killed Gunner Robert Curtis in Belfast. Curtis was the first British soldier to die during the Northern Ireland conflict.[8] After internment without trial was introduced in August 1971 violence rose to heights not seen in Ireland since the Irish Civil War of the early 1920s, with British Army and RUC patrols being attacked on a regular basis in urban areas like Belfast, Derry and rural border areas like South Armagh and South Fermanagh.[9][10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Army and police casualties". 19 December 1975. Retrieved 3 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Gravestones book tribute to 302 RUC members". Belfat Telegraph. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "Police Roll of Honour Trust". Retrieved 3 July 2017. 
  4. ^ Sutton, Malcolm. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  5. ^ McKittrick, David; Seamus Kelters; Brian Feeney; Chris Thornton (2000). Lost Lives. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1-84018-227-X.
  6. ^ Sutton, Malcolm. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  7. ^ Harnden, Toby (1999). Bandit Country. The IRA & South Armagh. Coronet Books. p. 56. ISBN 0340717378. 
  8. ^ Sutton, Malcolm. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  9. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Events: Internment: main menu". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  10. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1971". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
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