1965 in spaceflight

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1965 in spaceflight
Delta D Intelsat1.jpg
Launch of a Delta D rocket carrying the first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Intelsat I F1
Orbital launches
First 11 January
Last 28 December
Total 124
Successes 108
Failures 15
Partial failures 1
Catalogued 112
National firsts
Satellite  France
Orbital launch  France
Rockets
Maiden flights Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D
Delta E
Diamant-A
Kosmos-2M
Scout A
Scout B
Soyuz/Vostok 11A510
Thor LV-2D Burner-1
Thor LV-2D MG-18
Titan IIIC
UR-500 (Proton)
Retirements Atlas LV-3A Agena-B
Atlas LV-3C Centaur-C
Delta D
Kosmos-1
Molniya 8K78
Molniya-L 8K78L
Saturn I
Scout X-4
Thor DSV-2A Ablestar
Thor LV-2D MG-18
Thor SLV-2 Agena-B
Titan IIIA
Crewed flights
Orbital 6
Total travellers 13

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
20 February Ranger 8 Lunar impact Impacted Mare Tranquillitatis at 09:57:37, returned 7,137 images
24 March Ranger 9 Lunar impact Impacted Alphonsus Crater at 14:08:20, returned 5,814 images
12 May Luna 5 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted at 19:10
11 June Luna 6 Lunar flyby Failed lander, closest approach: 160,000 kilometres (99,000 mi)
15 July Mariner 4 Flyby of Mars Returned 21 images
20 July Zond 2 Flyby of Mars Communications system failed before flyby
6 August Zond 3 Lunar Flyby Returned 25 images
7 October Luna 7 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted at 22:08
6 December Luna 8 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted at 21:51:30

EVAs

Start date/time Duration End time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
18 March
08:34
12 minutes 08:47 Voskhod 2 Soviet Union Alexey Leonov First EVA in history.[1] Leonov had difficulty fitting back into the spacecraft due to spacesuit stiffness in vacuum. He vented air from his spacesuit to bend back into the capsule.[2]
3 June
19:46
20 minutes 20:06 Gemini IV United States Ed White First US EVA.[3] White also had difficulty returning to the Gemini spacecraft. Although very fit, the effort left White exhausted.[4]

Orbital launch summary

By country

1965 Launches.svg
  France
  Soviet Union
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 1965
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 France 1 1 0 0 First orbital launch
 Soviet Union 53 46 7 0
 United States 70 61 8 1

By rocket

Rocket Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Atlas D  United States 3 1 2 0 Suborbital component of one failed launch was successful
Atlas LV-3A Agena-B  United States 2 2 0 0 Retired
Atlas LV-3A Agena-D  United States 1 1 0 0
Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D  United States 11 9 2 0
Atlas LV-3C Centaur-C  United States 1 0 1 0 Retired
Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D  United States 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Delta C  United States 5 4 1 0
Delta D  United States 1 1 0 0 Retired
Delta E  United States 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight
Diamant A  France 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Kosmos-1 63S3  Soviet Union 6 6 0 0 Retired
Kosmos-2I 63S1  Soviet Union 7 4 3 0
Kosmos-2M 63S1M  Soviet Union 3 3 0 0 Maiden flight
Molniya 8K78  Soviet Union 6 5 1 0 Retired
Molniya-L 8K78L  Soviet Union 1 0 1 0 Retired
Molniya-M 8K78M  Soviet Union 5 4 1 0
Saturn I  United States 3 3 0 0 Retired
Scout A  United States 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Scout B  United States 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Scout X-4  United States 3 3 0 0 Retired
Soyuz/Vostok 11A510  Soviet Union 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Thor DSV-2A Ablestar  United States 3 3 0 0 Retired
Thor LV-2D Burner-1  United States 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight
Thor LV-2D MG-18  United States 2 2 0 0 Only flights
Thor SLV-2 Agena-B  United States 1 1 0 1 Retired
Thor SLV-2 Agena-D  United States 2 1 1 0
Thrust Augmented Thor SLV-2A Agena-D  United States 15 15 0 0
Titan II GLV  United States 5 5 0 0 Also made one suborbital launch
Titan IIIA  United States 2 2 0 0 Retired
Titan IIIC  United States 3 1 1 1 Maiden flight
Voskhod 11A57  Soviet Union 12 12 0 0
Vostok-2 8A92  Soviet Union 8 7 1 0
Vostok-2M 8A92M  Soviet Union 2 2 0 0
UR-500 (Proton) 8K72  Soviet Union 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not Achieved Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Low Earth 96 85 9 2
Medium Earth 7 6 1 0
High Earth 13 11 2 0 Including Highly elliptical and Molniya orbits
Geosynchronous/transfer 3 1 2 1* * - One launch to geosynchronous orbit reached geosynchronous transfer orbit
Heliocentric 5 4 1 0

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com". 
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now". 
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak. 
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches". 
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report". 
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report". 
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive". 
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica". 
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive". 
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web". 
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101. 
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA. 
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian). 
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. ^ Alexander Anikeev (2008). "Spacecraft "Voskhod-2" web page". Manned Astronautics: Figures and Facts website. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  2. ^ Mark Wade (2008). "Leonov web page". Encyclopedia Astronautica web site. Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2008. 
  3. ^ David R. Williams (2004). "The First U.S. Spacewalk - Gemini 4". Lunar and Planetary Science. NASA. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  4. ^ Cernan, Eugene; Don Davis (1999). The Last Man on the Moon. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 83. ISBN 0-312-19906-6. 


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