1959 in Israel

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1959
in
Israel

Decades:
See also: Other events of 1959
List of years in Israel
Timeline of the region of Palestine
Timeline of Israeli history

Events in the year 1959 in Israel.

Incumbents

Events

Carmelit first day of operation, 6 October 1959, Haifa, Israel
  • 8 January – Four Egyptian MiG-17 jets penetrated Israeli airspace near Beersheba before being driven off by Israeli fighters.[1]
  • 1 April – The "Night of the Ducks" scandal: A surprise Israeli military exercise to test the mobilization of the IDF's reserves causes panic throughout Israel and puts the armies of the neighboring Arab states on high alert.
  • 7 April – Israel created the first Holocaust Memorial Day by vote of the Knesset in Tel Aviv, to be observed on the 27th day of Nisan, which fell on 5 May in 1959. If the 27th falls on a Friday, the observation is held on the 26th.[2]
  • 5 July – David Ben-Gurion resigned as Prime Minister of Israel and new elections were called for the Knesset.[3]
  • 9 July – The Wadi Salib riots begin in Haifa.
  • 10 July – A memorial for Frank Foley (1884–1958) was dedicated in Harel, Israel, in the form of a forest planted in the desert. As a passport control officer at Britain's embassy in Nazi Germany, Foley flouted strict rules in order to help as many as 10,000 German Jews to leave the country.[4]
  • 6 October – The Carmelit, Haifa's underground funicular railway, is opened.
  • 3 November – Mapai leader David Ben-Gurion wins the fourth Israeli legislative elections, capturing 47 of the 120 seats, but still 13 short of a majority.[5]
  • 4 November – Six Israeli jets and four Egyptian MiG-17s clashed in a dogfight near the border between the two nations. All planes reportedly returned safely and the battle did not lead to further action.[6]
  • 17 December – David Ben-Gurion presents his cabinet for a Knesset "Vote of Confidence". The 9th Government is approved that day and the members were sworn in.

Israeli–Palestinian conflict

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1959 include:

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

The most prominent Palestinian fedayeen terror attacks committed against Israeli targets during 1959 include:

  • 1 February - Three Israeli civilians are killed by a terrorist landmine near moshav Zavdiel.
  • 15 April - An Israeli guard is killed at kibbutz Ramat Rachel.
  • 27 April - Two Israeli hikers are shot at close range and killed near Massada.
  • 3 October - A shepherd from kibbutz Heftziba is killed near kibbutz Yad Hana.

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets

The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 1959 include:

Notable births

Notable deaths

  • 28 January – Yosef Sprinzak (born 1885), Russian-born leading Zionist activist, an Israeli politician and the first Speaker of the Knesset.
  • 20 February – Zalman Shneur (born 1887), Russian (Belarus)-born Israeli poet and writer
  • 25 February – Yehudah Arazi (born 1907), Russian (Poland)-born leading Haganah commander.
  • 25 February – Eliyahu Berligne (born 1866), Russian-born early Zionist leader and a founder of Tel Aviv.
  • 26 February – Selig Suskin (born 1873), Russian-born Israeli agronomist and early Zionist.
  • 6 April – Leo Aryeh Mayer (born 1895), Austro-Hungarian (Galicia)-born Israeli scholar of Islamic art and rector of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
  • 25 July – Rabbi Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog (born 1888), Russian (Poland)-born Chief Rabbi of Ireland, Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of the British Mandate of Palestine and of Israel.
  • 13 September – Israel Rokach (born 1896), Israeli politician, Knesset member, and mayor of Tel Aviv.
  • Full date unknownShimon Fritz Bodenheimer - (born 1897) German-born Israeli biologist and zoologist.

Major public holidays

See also

References

  1. ^ "Israel Planes Clash With Egypt MIGs", Oakland Tribune, 8 January 1959, p1
  2. ^ James E. Young, "Mandating the National Memory of Catastrophe", in Law and Catastrophe (Stanford University Press, 2007), p139
  3. ^ Avraham Avi-haï, Ben-Gurion: State-Builder (Transaction Publishers, 1974), p207
  4. ^ Mordecai Paldiel, Diplomat Heroes of the Holocaust (KTAV Publishing House, Inc., 2007), pp16
  5. ^ Neill Lochery, The Israeli Labour Party: In the Shadow of the Likud (Ithaca Press, 1997), p271
  6. ^ "Egypt, Israel Jet Planes In Dogfight", Oakland Tribune, 4 November 1959, p1

External links

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