1953 Nutts Corner BEA Vickers Viking accident

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1953 Nutts Corner BEA Vickers Viking accident
BEA Viking 1B at Manchester.jpg
A Viking of BEA similar to the accident aircraft
Accident summary
Date 5 January 1953
Summary Pilot error
Site Nutts Corner, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Passengers 31
Crew 4
Fatalities 27
Survivors 8
Aircraft type Vickers VC.1 Type 610 Viking 1B
Aircraft name Lord St Vincent
Operator British European Airways
Registration G-AJDL
Flight origin RAF Northolt, England , United Kingdom
Destination Nutts Corner, Belfast, Northern Ireland

The 1953 Nutts Corner BEA Vickers Viking accident was the crash of a British European Airways Vickers Viking airliner on approach to Belfast-Nutts Corner Airport in Northern Ireland on 5 January 1953.[1][2] The Viking, registered G-AJDL and named Lord St Vincent, was on a domestic flight from London-Northolt Airport with four crew and 31 passengers on board. Twenty-four of the passengers and three crewmembers died.[1][2]

Accident

G-AJDL left Northolt at 7:27, about 25 minutes late. Two hours later it was on approach to Nutts Corner. When the aircraft was 3 miles (4.8 km) out from the runway threshold it was 90 feet (27 m) above the glideslope. The aircraft then rapidly lost height and hit the pole supporting an approach light a short distance from the aerodrome.[1] Following the initial impact the aircraft hit further poles; it then hit a mobile standard beam approach van before striking a brick building housing equipment operating the instrument landing system about 200 yards (180 m) from the runway. This impact caused the aircraft to break up. There was a slight fire after the accident.[3][4]

Investigation

A board of inquiry was formed to investigate the accident, chaired by David Scott Cairns, QC. It opened in London on 14 April 1953.[5] After hearing evidence, the board concluded that the pilot, Captain Hartley, made "errors of judgement" but that no moral blame was to be attached to him regarding the accident.[4] The board mentioned that hitting the van stopped any chance of the aircraft reaching the runway, and then hitting the building made a tragedy inevitable.[4] The approach lights were found to not be at the top of the poles, to ease maintenance; although that was not judged a factor in the crash, the lights were moved to the top of the poles following the accident.[4] It was also recommended that when the ILS building was rebuilt that it should be offset from the approach path, or that it should be sited underground.[4]

Aircraft

The Vickers Type 610 Viking 1B airliner, powered by two Bristol Hercules 634 14-cylinder radial engines, was registered G-AJDL with manufacturer's serial number 262.[6] It first flew on 28 May 1948 and was delivered to British European Airways on 30 March 1949. Originally named Vortex by the airline, it was renamed Lord St Vincent around 1951.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c "27 Killed in Belfast Air Crash – B.E.A Viking wrecked after striking beaon". News. The Times (52512). London. 6 January 1953. col A, p. 6. 
  2. ^ a b Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network
  3. ^ "Airliner "Burst Open" by crash". News. The Times (52513). London. 7 January 1953. col F, p. 6. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Error by Pilot of Viking – Cause of crash at Nutt's Corner". News. The Times (52680). London. 22 July 1953. col A, p. 4. 
  5. ^ "Loss of B.E.A Viking – Over-Rapid Descent". News. The Times (52596). London. 15 April 1953. col E, p. 2. 
  6. ^ a b Eastwood/Roach 1991, p. 299

Bibliography

Eastwood, Tony; John Roach (1991). Piston Engine Airliner Production List. The Aviation Hobby Shop. ISBN 0-907178-37-5. 

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