1952 Republican National Convention

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1952 Republican National Convention
1952 presidential election
RP1952.png RV1952.png
Nominees
Eisenhower and Nixon
Convention
Date(s) July 7–11, 1952
City Chicago, Illinois
Venue International Amphitheatre
Candidates
Presidential nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower of Kansas
Vice Presidential nominee Richard M. Nixon of California
1948  ·  1956
Attendees at the 1952 convention

The 1952 Republican National Convention was held at the International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Cook County, Illinois from July 7 to July 11, 1952, and nominated the popular general and war hero Dwight D. Eisenhower of Kansas, nicknamed "Ike," for president and the anti-communist crusading Senator from California, Richard M. Nixon, for vice president.

The Republican platform pledged to end the unpopular war in Korea, supported the development of nuclear weapons as a deterrence strategy, to fire all "the loafers, incompetents and unnecessary employees" at the State Department, condemned the Roosevelt and Truman administrations' economic policies, supported retention of the Taft-Hartley Act, opposed "discrimination against race, religion or national origin", supported "Federal action toward the elimination of lynching", and pledged to bring an end to communist subversion in the United States.[1]

Candidates before the convention

The balloting

A piece of literature for the Eisenhower–Nixon campaign, 1952
Presidential balloting, RNC 1952
Contender: ballot 1st before shifts 1st after shifts
General Dwight D. Eisenhower 595 845
Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft 500 280
Governor Earl Warren of California 81 77
former Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen 20 0
General Douglas MacArthur 10 4

Vice Presidential

Eisenhower was so unfamiliar with party politics that even after his nomination he believed that the delegates would choose the vice-presidential nominee, surprising his advisors Lucius D. Clay and Herbert Brownell. When they explained that the delegates would support whomever he chose, Eisenhower suggested businessmen he knew such as Charles E. Wilson and C. R. Smith. Clay and Brownell explained that a running mate should be a politician who balanced the ticket in geography, age, and other areas, and suggested Richard Nixon, who had helped Eisenhower win California's delegates. Eisenhower had met Nixon, and accepted the suggestion. Nixon was nominated unanimously.[2]

Television Coverage

Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower watching television during the convention
Quincy Howe and John Daley conducting ABC's convention coverage in 1952

The 1952 Republican convention was the first political convention to be televised live, coast-to-coast.[3] Experiments in regionally broadcasting conventions took place during the Republican and Democratic conventions in 1948, however 1952 was the first year in which networks carried nationwide coverage of political conventions.[3] Fixed cameras were placed at the back and the sides of the International Amphitheatre for the press to use collectively. None of these offered a straight shot of the podium on-stage, so many networks supplemented their coverage with shots from their own portable cameras.

The impact of the Republican Convention broadcast was an immediate one. After carefully watching the Republican Convention, the Democratic Party made last-minute alterations to their convention held in the same venue to make its broadcast more appealing to television audiences.[3] They constructed a tower in the center of the convention hall to allow for a better shot of the podium, and Democrats exercised more control over camera shots and the conduct of delegates in front of the cameras.

By 1956, the effect of television further impacted both the Republican and Democratic conventions. Conventions were compacted length, with daytime sessions being largely eliminated and the amount of welcoming speeches speeches and parliamentary organization speeches being decreased (such as seconding speeches for vice-presidential candidates, which were eliminated). Additionally, conventions were given overlying campaign themes, and their sessions were scheduled in order to maximize exposure to prime-time audience. To provide more a more telegenic broadcast, convention halls were decked-out in banners and other decorations, television cameras were positioned at more-flattering angles.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Republican Party Platform of 1952". Political Party Platforms: Parties Receiving Electoral Votes: 1840-2012. The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Smith, Jean Edward (2012). Eisenhower in War and Peace. Random House. pp. 520–522. ISBN 978-0-679-64429-3. 
  3. ^ a b c d Jarvis, Sharon. "PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATING CONVENTIONS AND TELEVISION". www,museum.tv. Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved April 1, 2017. 

External links

  • Republican Party platform of 1952 at The American Presidency Project
  • Eisenhower nomination acceptance speech for President at RNC (transcript) at The American Presidency Project
  • Video of Eisenhower nomination acceptance speech for President at RNC from C-SPAN (via YouTube)
  • Audio of Eisenhower nomination acceptance speech for President at RNC


Preceded by
1948
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Republican National Conventions Succeeded by
1956
San Francisco, California
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