1935 U.S. Open (golf)

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1935 U.S. Open
Tournament information
Dates June 6–8, 1935
Location Oakmont, Pennsylvania
Course(s) Oakmont Country Club
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
Format Stroke play − 72 holes
Statistics
Par 72[1]
Length 6,981 yards (6,383 m)[2]
Field 159 players,[4] 66 after cut
Cut 161 (+17)
Prize fund $5,000[3]
Winner's share $1,000
Champion
United States Sam Parks, Jr.
299 (+11)
«1934
1936»
Oakmont  is located in the US
Oakmont 
Oakmont 
Location in the United States
 Oakmont is located in Pennsylvania
 Oakmont
 Oakmont
Location in Pennsylvania

The 1935 U.S. Open was the 39th U.S. Open, held June 6–8 at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania, a suburb northeast of Pittsburgh. Sam Parks, Jr., a 25-year-old club pro at nearby South Hills Country Club with no prior tournament wins, prevailed by two strokes in difficult scoring conditions for his only major title.[5][6] The purse was $5,000 and the winner's share was $1,000.[3][7]

Jimmy Thomson owned the 36-hole lead after consecutive rounds of 73, despite severe weather that caused scores to soar.[8] Sam Parks trailed by four, but in the third round he recorded a 60-foot (18 m) chip-in for eagle to tie Thomson, who shot a 77. The weather only got worse during the final round, and Thomson could do no better than a 78. Parks, however, shot a 76 for a two-stroke victory. Walter Hagen briefly led during the final round, but four consecutive bogeys knocked him back to third.[5] It would be the last time that Hagen would contend in a major championship. Scoring conditions were so difficult that no player in contention broke 75 and 73 was the lowest score of the round.[9]

Parks was certainly helped by his preparation for the tournament. Every day for a month, he stopped at Oakmont to play a practice round before returning to his own club. This practice paid off particularly on Oakmont's notoriously difficult greens, where he three-putted just twice in 72 holes. His winning score of 299 was the highest since 1927, also at Oakmont, and he was the only player to break 300.[5] Born in nearby Bellevue, Parks was an alumnus of the University of Pittsburgh, where he had been captain of the golf team.[10]

The field of 159 included six entrants from Japan and one from South Africa; the rest from 31 states and the District of Columbia.[4] For the first time, a Japanese player made the cut at the Open. Kanekichi Nakamura was part of a tour of the U.S. by Japanese golfers and finished in 58th at 325. Chris Brinke captured low-amateur honors in 32nd place at 315, a stroke ahead of 1933 champion Johnny Goodman.[11]

Oakmont had previously hosted the U.S. Open in 1927, the PGA Championship in 1922, and the U.S. Amateur in 1919 and 1925.

The Stimpmeter was inspired by the fast greens of this Open. Edward Stimpson, Sr., the Massachusetts amateur champion and a former captain of the Harvard golf team,[12] devised a simple device and method to accurately measure the speed of greens.[13][14][15]

Course layout

Hole 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Out 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 In Total
Yards 482 363 428 536 386 187 395 253 477 3,507 461 395 621 164 349 475 234 302 473 3,474 6,981
Par 5 4 4 5 4 3 4 3 5 37 4 4 5 3 4 4 3 4 4 35 72

Source:[2][16]

Lengths of the course for previous major championships:

Past champions in the field

Made the cut

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Walter Hagen  United States 1914, 1919 77 76 73 76 302 +14 3
Gene Sarazen  United States 1922, 1932 75 74 78 79 306 +18 T6
Olin Dutra  United States 1934 77 76 78 77 308 +20 T12
Billy Burke  United States 1931 77 84 75 79 315 +27 T32
Johnny Goodman (a)  United States 1933 77 78 83 78 316 +28 T36
Willie Macfarlane  Scotland 1925 77 81 78 84 320 +32 T47
Johnny Farrell  United States 1928 77 79 84 82 322 +34 T52

Source:[11][17]

Missed the cut

Player Country Year won R1 R2 Total To par
Tommy Armour  Scotland
 United States
1927 74 WD

Source:[17]

Round summaries

First round

Thursday, June 6, 1935

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Butch Krueger  United States 71 −1
2 Roland MacKenzie  United States 72 E
T3 Herman Barron  United States 73 +1
Cliff Spencer  United States
Horton Smith  United States
Jimmy Thomson  Scotland
 United States
T7 Tommy Armour  United States 74 +2
Ed Dudley  United States
Jim Foulis  United States
Macdonald Smith  Scotland
 United States

Source:[18]

Second round

Friday, June 7, 1935

Place Player Country Score To par
1 Jimmy Thomson  Scotland
 United States
73-73=146 +2
2 Butch Krueger  United States 71-77=148 +4
3 Gene Sarazen  United States 75-74=149 +5
4 Sam Parks, Jr.  United States 77-73=150 +6
T5 Al Espinosa  United States 75-76=151 +7
Denny Shute  United States 78-73=151
Ted Turner  United States 80-71=151
T8 Herman Barron  United States 73-79=152 +8
Mortie Dutra  United States 75-77=152
Vincent Eldred  United States 75-77=152
Ray Mangrum  United States 76-76=152
Horton Smith  United States 73-79=152

Source:[17]

Third round

Saturday, June 8, 1935 (morning)

Place Player Country Score To par
T1 Sam Parks, Jr.  United States 77-73-73=223 +7
Jimmy Thomson  Scotland
 United States
73-73-77=223
3 Ray Mangrum  United States 76-76-72=224 +8
T4 Walter Hagen  United States 77-76-73=226 +10
Butch Krueger  United States 71-77-78=266
T6 Henry Picard  United States 79-78-70=227 +11
Gene Sarazen  United States 75-74-78=227
Denny Shute  United States 78-73-76=227
T9 Vincent Eldred  United States 75-75-77=229 +13
Al Espinosa  United States 75-76-78=229
Dick Metz  United States 77-76-76=229

Source:[3][7][11]

Final round

Saturday, June 8, 1935 (afternoon)

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
1 Sam Parks, Jr.  United States 77-73-73-76=299 +11 1,000
2 Jimmy Thomson  Scotland
 United States
73-73-77-78=301 +13 750
3 Walter Hagen  United States 77-76-73-76=302 +14 650
T4 Ray Mangrum  United States 76-76-72-79=303 +15 500
Denny Shute  United States 78-73-76-76=303
T6 Butch Krueger  United States 71-77-78-80=306 +18 218
Henry Picard  United States 79-78-70-79=306
Gene Sarazen  United States 75-74-78-79=306
Horton Smith  United States 73-79-79-75=306
T10 Dick Metz  United States 77-76-76-78=307 +19 95
Paul Runyan  United States 76-77-79-75=307

Source:[3][7][11]

Scorecard

Hole  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Par 5 4 4 5 4 3 4 3 5 4 4 5 3 4 4 3 4 4
United States Parks +6 +7 +8 +9 +9 +9 +9 +9 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8 +9 +10 +10 +11
ScotlandUnited States Thomson +7 +7 +6 +5 +6 +7 +8 +10 +9 +9 +9 +9 +9 +10 +11 +12 +12 +13
United States Hagen +9 +9 +9 +8 +9 +11 +11 +11 +10 +11 +12 +13 +14 +14 +14 +15 +14 +14
United States Shute +11 +12 +13 +13 +14 +14 +14 +14 +13 +13 +13 +14 +14 +14 +13 +15 +15 +15

Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par

Eagle Birdie Bogey Double bogey Triple bogey+

Source:[19][20]

References

  1. ^ Bell, Jack (June 7, 1935). "Tricky Oakmont links baffles golfers in Open". Miami News. p. 12. 
  2. ^ a b "Oakmont course par and yardage". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 6, 1935. p. 18. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Here's how prize money was dealt in National Open". Chicago Sunday Tribune. June 9, 1935. p. 7, part 2. 
  4. ^ a b Taggart, Bert P. (June 6, 1935). "Open field set to tee off at Oakmont today". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1. 
  5. ^ a b c Bartlett, Charles (June 9, 1935). "Parks takes U.S. Open golf title with 299". Chicago Sunday Tribune. p. 1, sec. 2. 
  6. ^ Rice, Grantland (June 9, 1935). "Unknown Sam Parks wins National Open tourney". Miami News. p. 10. 
  7. ^ a b c "$5,000 in prizes to Open winners". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 10, 1935. p. 17. 
  8. ^ Bartlett, Charles (June 8, 1935). "Thomson's 146 tops National Open golf". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 21. 
  9. ^ "Parks, 26-year-old Pittsburgher, new U.S. Open champion". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. June 10, 1935. p. 15. 
  10. ^ Huhn, Joe (June 6, 1932). "Sam Parks, Ted Luther lead at Oakmont". Pittsburgh Press. p. 26. 
  11. ^ a b c d "National Open scores". Chicago Sunday Tribune. June 9, 1935. p. 7, part 2. 
  12. ^ "E. S. Stimpson '27 elected to lead Crimson golf team". Harvard Crimson. (Cambridge, Massachusetts). November 28, 1925. Retrieved May 18, 2016. 
  13. ^ Dvorchak, Robert (June 13, 2007). "Reading the greens". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. E-6. 
  14. ^ "Edward S. Stimpson". New York Times. UPI. March 28, 1985. Retrieved May 18, 2016. 
  15. ^ McCabe, Jim (June 15, 2016). "The real history of Edward Stimpson's special gift: The Stimpmeter". Golfweek. Retrieved April 20, 2017. 
  16. ^ "Sarazen first choice as Open begins today". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 6, 1935. p. 19. 
  17. ^ a b c "National Open scores". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 8, 1935. p. 23. 
  18. ^ Bartlett, Charles (June 7, 1935). "Krueger shoots 71 to lead National Open". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 25. 
  19. ^ "Winner's cards". Chicago Sunday Tribune. June 9, 1935. p. 7, sec. 2. 
  20. ^ "How Parks won". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 10, 1935. p. 16. 

External links

  • About.com – 1935 U.S. Open
  • USGA Championship Database
  • USOpen.com - 1935

Coordinates: 40°31′34″N 79°49′37″W / 40.526°N 79.827°W / 40.526; -79.827

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