1918

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1918 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1918
MCMXVIII
Ab urbe condita 2671
Armenian calendar 1367
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԷ
Assyrian calendar 6668
Bahá'í calendar 74–75
Balinese saka calendar 1839–1840
Bengali calendar 1325
Berber calendar 2868
British Regnal year Geo. 5 – 9 Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2462
Burmese calendar 1280
Byzantine calendar 7426–7427
Chinese calendar 丁巳(Fire Snake)
4614 or 4554
    — to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4615 or 4555
Coptic calendar 1634–1635
Discordian calendar 3084
Ethiopian calendar 1910–1911
Hebrew calendar 5678–5679
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1974–1975
 - Shaka Samvat 1839–1840
 - Kali Yuga 5018–5019
Holocene calendar 11918
Igbo calendar 918–919
Iranian calendar 1296–1297
Islamic calendar 1336–1337
Japanese calendar Taishō 7
(大正7年)
Javanese calendar 1848–1849
Juche calendar 7
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4251
Minguo calendar ROC 7
民國7年
Nanakshahi calendar 450
Thai solar calendar 2460–2461
Tibetan calendar 阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
2044 or 1663 or 891
    — to —
阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
2045 or 1664 or 892

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

Below, events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

January

February

  • February 1 – The Cattaro Mutiny sees Austrian sailors in the Gulf of Cattaro (Kotor), led by two Czech Socialists, mutiny.
  • February 5 – The SS Tuscania is torpedoed off the Irish coast; it is the first ship carrying American troops to Europe to be torpedoed and sunk.

March

April

May

June

June 10: Austro-Hungarian battleship Szent István sunk by Italian torpedo boats

July

August

August 30: Attempted assassination of Lenin, depicted by Vladimir Pchelin

September

October

November

November 9: Proclamation of German Republic by Philipp Scheidemann in Berlin on the Reichstag balcony
November 11: Signatories to the Armistice with Germany (Compiègne), ending WWI, pose outside Marshal Foch's railway carriage
November 11: Front page of The New York Times on Armistice Day

December

Flag of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats an Slovenes

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date Unknown

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

Sultan Mehmed V

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

  1. ^ "Historical Concert for the Benefit of Widows and Orphans". World Digital Library. 2014-02-10. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  2. ^ Barry, John M. (2005). The Great Influenza; The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0143036494. 
  3. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. 
  4. ^ Shores, Christopher (1969). Finnish Air Force, 1918–1968. Reading, Berkshire, UK: Osprey Publications Ltd. p. 3. ISBN 978-0668021210. 
  5. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 355–356. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  6. ^ Royal Canadian Legion Branch # 138."2-Minute Wave of Silence" Revives a Time-honoured Tradition. Accessed on 5 June 2014.
  7. ^ The first was from Allahabad to Naini Junction in India on 18 February 1911 and the second from London to Windsor Castle on 22 June 1911.
  8. ^ "La Grippe Espagnole de 1918". Institut Pasteur. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Carpathia Sunk; 5 of Crew Killed". New York Times. 20 July 1918. p. 4. 
  10. ^ Lichfield, John (2014-07-07). "A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The ‘blackest day’ of the German army". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  11. ^ Pitt, Barrie (2003). 1918: The Last Act. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. ISBN 0-85052-974-3. 
  12. ^ Massie, Robert K. (2004). Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany, and the Winning of the Great War at Sea. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-40878-0. 
  13. ^ Biger, Gideon (2004). The Boundaries of Modern Palestine, 1840–1947. London: Routledge. pp. 55, 164. ISBN 978-0-7146-5654-0. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  14. ^ Wainwright, Martin (23 August 2010). "British warships sunk 90 years ago found off Estonian coast". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  15. ^ Ward, Margaret (1983). Unmanageable Revolutionaries: Women and Irish nationalism. London: Pluto Press. p. 137. ISBN 0-86104-700-1. 

Primary sources and year books

  • New International Year Book 1918 (1919), Comprehensive coverage of world and national affairs, 904 pp
  • Wickware. Francis Graham. ed. (1919). The American Year Book: A Record of Events and Progress... T. Nelson & Sons. 
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