1900

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1900 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1900
MCM
Ab urbe condita 2653
Armenian calendar 1349
ԹՎ ՌՅԽԹ
Assyrian calendar 6650
Bahá'í calendar 56–57
Balinese saka calendar 1821–1822
Bengali calendar 1307
Berber calendar 2850
British Regnal year 63 Vict. 1 – 64 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2444
Burmese calendar 1262
Byzantine calendar 7408–7409
Chinese calendar 己亥(Earth Pig)
4596 or 4536
    — to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
4597 or 4537
Coptic calendar 1616–1617
Discordian calendar 3066
Ethiopian calendar 1892–1893
Hebrew calendar 5660–5661
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1956–1957
 - Shaka Samvat 1821–1822
 - Kali Yuga 5000–5001
Holocene calendar 11900
Igbo calendar 900–901
Iranian calendar 1278–1279
Islamic calendar 1317–1318
Japanese calendar Meiji 33
(明治33年)
Javanese calendar 1829–1830
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 or 13 days
Korean calendar 4233
Minguo calendar 12 before ROC
民前12年
Nanakshahi calendar 432
Thai solar calendar 2442–2443
Tibetan calendar 阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
2026 or 1645 or 873
    — to —
阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
2027 or 1646 or 874

1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of the Julian calendar, the 1900th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 900th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 19th century, and the 1st year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1900, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days. This will become 14 days on February 28, 2100.

Events

January

Second Boer War: Boers at Spion Kop, 1900
Boxer Soldiers

February

March

April

Exposition Universelle view in Paris

May

June

July 9: Australia, founded.

July

August

September

October

November

December

  • December 14 – Max Planck announces his discovery of the law of black body emission, marking the birth of quantum physics.
  • December 27 – British human rights activist Emily Hobhouse arrives in Cape Town.
  • December 31 – A large standing stone at Stonehenge falls over, the most recent time this has happened.

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date Unknown

Deaths

January–June

July–December

King Umberto I

World population

  • World population: 1,640,000,000
    • Africa: 133,000,000
    • Asia: 947,000,000
      • Japan: c. 45,000,000
    • Europe: 408,000,000
    • Latin America: 74,000,000
    • Northern America: 82,000,000
    • Oceania: 6,000,000

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Further reading

  • Appletons' annual cyclopaedia and register of important events...1900 (1901), vast compendium of data; global coverage online edition
  • Gilbert, Martin. A History of the Twentieth Century 1900-1933, Vol. 1 (1997) pp 7-35; global coverage of politics, diplomacy and warfare.
  • Herbert C. Fyfe, Pearson's Magazine, July 1900: "How Will The World End?"
  • 1900 Coin Pictures
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