1875

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1875 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1875
MDCCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2628
Armenian calendar 1324
ԹՎ ՌՅԻԴ
Assyrian calendar 6625
Bahá'í calendar 31–32
Balinese saka calendar 1796–1797
Bengali calendar 1282
Berber calendar 2825
British Regnal year 38 Vict. 1 – 39 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2419
Burmese calendar 1237
Byzantine calendar 7383–7384
Chinese calendar 甲戌(Wood Dog)
4571 or 4511
    — to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4572 or 4512
Coptic calendar 1591–1592
Discordian calendar 3041
Ethiopian calendar 1867–1868
Hebrew calendar 5635–5636
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1931–1932
 - Shaka Samvat 1796–1797
 - Kali Yuga 4975–4976
Holocene calendar 11875
Igbo calendar 875–876
Iranian calendar 1253–1254
Islamic calendar 1291–1292
Japanese calendar Meiji 8
(明治8年)
Javanese calendar 1803–1804
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4208
Minguo calendar 37 before ROC
民前37年
Nanakshahi calendar 407
Thai solar calendar 2417–2418
Tibetan calendar 阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
2001 or 1620 or 848
    — to —
阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
2002 or 1621 or 849

1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Julian calendar, the 1875th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 875th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1875, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

January–March

April–June

July–September

  • Summer – Third Carlist War in Spain: Two government armies under General Quesada and Martínez Campos start encroaching on Carlist territory. Both they and their Carlist opponent (Mendiri) drive opposing sympathisers from their homes and burn crops in areas they can not hold. Several Carlist generals (Dorregaray, Savalls, and others) are unjustly put on trial for disloyalty. Mendiri is also removed from his command, and is replaced by the Count of Caserta. Despite having 48 infantry battalions, three cavalry regiments, two engineer battalions, and 100 pieces of artillery at his disposal, Caserta is heavily outnumbered by the government forces opposing him.
  • July 1General Postal Union established.
  • July 1July 7Battle of Treviño (Third Carlist War in Spain) at Treviño – Advancing on the key city of Vitoria, in Navarre, the Spanish Republican commander General Jenardo de Quesada sends General Tello to attack the Carlist lines just to the southwest at Treviño. The newly appointed Carlist commander General José Pérula is heavily defeated and withdraws and soon afterwards Quesada enters Vitoria in triumph.
  • July 24 – The legendary Mohican Base Ball Club was established in Kennett Square, PA.
  • August 6Hibernian F.C. founded by Irishmen in the Cowgate area of Edinburgh, Scotland.[2]
  • August 25 – Captain Matthew Webb becomes the first person to swim the English Channel.
  • September 1 – A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
  • September 7 – Battle of Agurdat: An Egyptian invasion of Ethiopia fails when Emperor Yohannes IV defeats an army led by Werner Munzinger.
  • September – English Association football team Birmingham City F.C. is founded as Small Heath Alliance in Birmingham by a group of cricketers from Holy Trinity Church, Bordesley, playing its first match in November.[3]

October–December

Date unknown

Births

January–June

July–December

Deaths

January–June

July–December

References

  1. ^ Smith, Ronald A. (1988). Sports and Freedom: The Rise of Big-Time College Athletics. New York: Oxford University Press. 
  2. ^ "The Origins of Hibernian - Part 1". Hibernian FC: The Official Website. 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  3. ^ "The Early Years 1875-1904" (PDF). When Football Was Football. Haynes. Retrieved 2015-01-03. 
  4. ^ This inspires Gerard Manley Hopkins' poem The Wreck of the Deutschland, not published until 1918.
  5. ^ Gordon, Richard (1994). The Alarming History of Medicine. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 12. ISBN 0-312-10411-1. 
  6. ^ History of Medicine Days Archived June 15, 2004, at the Wayback Machine., p. 132.

Further reading and year books

  • 1875 Annual Cyclopedia (1876) highly detailed coverage of "Political, Military, and Ecclesiastical Affairs; Public Documents; Biography, Statistics, Commerce, Finance, Literature, Science, Agriculture, and Mechanical Industry" for year 1875; massive compilation of facts and primary documents; worldwide coverage; 801pp
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