1871 in Canada

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Years: 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874

Events from the year 1871 in Canada.



Federal government

Provincial governments

Canada provinces 1871–1873

Lieutenant governors


Territorial governments

Lieutenant governors



January to June

July to December

  • July 15 – Phoebe Campbell murders her husband with an axe. She is hanged the next year.
  • July 20 – British Columbia joins Confederation.
  • July 25 – Treaty 1 the first of a number of treaties with western Canada's First Nations is signed
  • August 17 – Treaty 2 is signed
  • November 11 – The last of the British army leaves Canada
  • November 13 – John McCreight becomes the first premier of British Columbia
  • December 14 – Marc-Amable Girard becomes the first franco-manitoban of premier of Manitoba, replacing Alfred Boyd
  • December 20 – Edward Blake becomes premier of Ontario, replacing J. S. Macdonald.

Full date unknown


George Stewart Henry


Modeste Demers

Historical Documents

Editorial says Confederation is BC's chance to remake itself[2]

Canada should refuse to permanently share its inshore fishery with the U.S.A.[3]

Fenian raid on Manitoba stopped at the border[4]

Manitoba Lieutenant-Governor thanks residents for rising to resist the Fenian invasion[5]


  1. ^ https://elections.bc.ca/docs/rpt/1871-1986_ElectoralHistoryofBC.pdf
  2. ^ "The Great Duty of the Hour," The Daily British Colonist and Victoria Chronicle, Vol. 25, No. 117 (April 28, 1871), pg. 2. Accessed 11 September 2018 http://archive.org/stream/dailycolonist18710428uvic/18710428#page/n0/mode/1up
  3. ^ Joseph Pope, Memoirs of the Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, G.C.B., First Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada (London: Edward Arnold, 1894), pgs. 90-1. Accessed 11 September 2018 http://www.archive.org/stream/memoirsofrightho02popeiala#page/90/mode/2up
  4. ^ Adams George Archibald, Return to an Address of the House of Commons...for Copies of All Correspondence with Lieut.-Governor A.G. Archibald, of Manitoba...Regarding the Fenian Invasion of Manitoba, pgs. 4-5. Accessed 11 September 2018 http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/bibliography/538/4.html
  5. ^ House of Commons, Report of the Select Committee on the Causes of the Difficulties in the North-West Territory in 1869-70 (Ottawa: Printed by I.B. Taylor, 1874), pgs. 147-9. Accessed 11 September 2018 http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/bibliography/544/156.html
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