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This article is about the year 1871. For other uses, see 1871 (disambiguation).
Millennium: 2nd millennium
1871 in topic:
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1871 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1871
French Republican calendar 79
Ab urbe condita 2624
Armenian calendar 1320
Assyrian calendar 6621
Bahá'í calendar 27–28
Bengali calendar 1278
Berber calendar 2821
British Regnal year 34 Vict. 1 – 35 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2415
Burmese calendar 1233
Byzantine calendar 7379–7380
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal Horse)
4567 or 4507
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4568 or 4508
Coptic calendar 1587–1588
Discordian calendar 3037
Ethiopian calendar 1863–1864
Hebrew calendar 5631–5632
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1927–1928
 - Shaka Samvat 1792–1793
 - Kali Yuga 4971–4972
Holocene calendar 11871
Igbo calendar 871–872
Iranian calendar 1249–1250
Islamic calendar 1287–1288
Japanese calendar Meiji 4
Javanese calendar 1799–1800
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4204
Minguo calendar 41 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 403
Thai solar calendar 2413–2414

1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Julian calendar, the 1871st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 871st year of the 2nd millennium, the 71st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1871, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.






Date unknown

  • The provinces of Alsace and Lorraine are transferred from France to Germany.
  • British trade unions are legalized.
  • Heinrich Schliemann begins the excavation of Troy.
  • Japan forms its own nationwide police force based on the French model.
  • William M. Tweed serves his last year as the "Boss" of the Tammany Hall political machine in New York.
  • The South Improvement Company is formed by John D. Rockefeller and a group of major railroad interests in an early effort to organize and control the petroleum industry in the USA.
  • The Harvard Summer School is founded.
  • The Constitution of the German Empire abolishes all restrictions on Jewish marriage, choice of occupation, place of residence, and property ownership. Exclusion from government employment and discrimination in social relations remain in effect.
  • The American minister to China takes five warships to attempt to "open up" Korea, but his forces leave after exchanges of fire result in 250 Koreans dying and the Korean government still unwilling to make any concessions.
  • Virginia adopts a new Constitution, taking into account, among other things, all of the counties that had left Virginia in 1863 to form the new non-slave state of West Virginia. No other state has ever formed by breaking off from another without the consent of the legislature of the parent state, as in the cases of Vermont, Kentucky, and Maine.
  • In Hanover, German company Continental AG is founded.
  • Izumo Taisha, officially renames from Tsutsuki Taisha in Shimane Prefecture, Japan.[citation needed]








  1. ^ BBC History, July 2011, p12
  2. ^ Edward Joesting, Kauai: The Separate Kingdom (University of Hawaii Press, 1988) p171
  3. ^ John Taliaferro, In a Far Country: The True Story of a Mission, a Marriage, a Murder, and the Remarkable Reindeer Rescue of 1898 (PublicAffairs, 2007) p179
  4. ^ Mitchell Snay, Horace Greeley and the Politics of Reform in Nineteenth-Century America (Rowman & Littlefield, 2011) p172
  5. ^ "1871 Java - Port Darwin Cable". History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications. 2014-11-05. Archived from the original on 2015-01-06. Retrieved 2015-01-03. 
  6. ^ Stanley, Henry Morton (1872). How I Found Livingstone - Travels, Adventures, and Discoveries in Central Africa; Including Four Months' Residence with Dr. Livingstone (1984 ed.). Crown Buildings, 188 Fleet Street, London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low, and Searle. p. 412. ISBN 9780705415132. 
  • Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia...for 1871 (1873), comprehensive collection of facts online edition
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