1860s

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The 1860s was the ten-year period from the years 1860 to 1869.

The abolition of Slavery in the United States led to the breakdown of the Atlantic slave trade, which was already suffering from the abolition of slavery in most of Europe in the late 1820s and 1830s. In the United States, civil war between the Confederate States of America and the Union states led to massive deaths and the destruction of cities such as Chambersburg, Pennsylvania; Richmond, Virginia; and Atlanta, Georgia. Sherman's March to the Sea was one of the first times America experienced total war, and advancements in military technology, such as iron and steel warships, and the development and initial deployment of early machine guns added to the destruction. After the American Civil War, turmoil continued in the Reconstruction era, with the rise of white supremacist organizations like the Ku Klux Klan and the issue of granting Civil Rights to Freedmen.

Politics and wars

Emperor Maximilian being executed (1867), marking the end of the Second Mexican Empire

Wars

Internal conflicts

Prominent political events

Assassinations and attempts

Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include:

Image of Lincoln being shot by Booth while sitting in a theater booth.
Shown in the presidential booth of Ford's Theatre, from left to right, are assassin John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln, Mary Todd Lincoln, Clara Harris, and Henry Rathbone

Science and technology

Alfred Nobel invents dynamite in Sweden, patenting it in 1867

Establishments

Popular culture

Religion

Literature and arts

Sports

Fashion

  • The Victorian era and its culture largely thrived from 1860 until 1901.
  • The culture of the Victorian era comes to America and remains in place until around the turn of the 20th century, where the year it ends is disputed as to whether it ended with the rise of progressivism in 1896 or with the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.

Miscellaneous trends

People

World leaders

Politics

Famous and infamous personalities

References

  1. ^ "American Civil War". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  2. ^ Medical Advances Timeline

Further reading

  • Appleton's Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events: 1861 (1864) online
  • Appletons' annual cyclopaedia and register of important events of the year: 1862. New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1863. p. i.
  • Appletons' annual cyclopedia and register of important events: Embracing political, military, and ecclesiastical affairs; public documents; biography, statistics, commerce, finance, literature, science, agriculture, and mechanical industry, Volume 3 1863 (1864), thorough coverage of the events of 1863
  • The American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1867
  • American Annual Cyclopedia ... 1868 (1869), online
  • American Annual Cyclopedia ... for 1869 (1870) online edition

External links

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