1766

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1766 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1766
MDCCLXVI
Ab urbe condita 2519
Armenian calendar 1215
ԹՎ ՌՄԺԵ
Assyrian calendar 6516
Balinese saka calendar 1687–1688
Bengali calendar 1173
Berber calendar 2716
British Regnal year Geo. 3 – 7 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2310
Burmese calendar 1128
Byzantine calendar 7274–7275
Chinese calendar 乙酉(Wood Rooster)
4462 or 4402
    — to —
丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4463 or 4403
Coptic calendar 1482–1483
Discordian calendar 2932
Ethiopian calendar 1758–1759
Hebrew calendar 5526–5527
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1822–1823
 - Shaka Samvat 1687–1688
 - Kali Yuga 4866–4867
Holocene calendar 11766
Igbo calendar 766–767
Iranian calendar 1144–1145
Islamic calendar 1179–1180
Japanese calendar Meiwa 3
(明和3年)
Javanese calendar 1691–1692
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4099
Minguo calendar 146 before ROC
民前146年
Nanakshahi calendar 298
Thai solar calendar 2308–2309
Tibetan calendar 阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
1892 or 1511 or 739
    — to —
阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
1893 or 1512 or 740

1766 (MDCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1766th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 766th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1766, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

January–March

April–June

  • April 3 – Seventeen days after the Stamp Act's repeal in London, news reaches America of the decision.[5]
  • April 9
    • African slaves are imported directly into the American colony of Georgia for the first time, as the sloop Mary Brow arrives in Savannah with 78 captives imported from Saint-Louis, Senegal.[6]
    • American botanist John Bartram completes his first exploration and cataloging of North American plants after more than nine months.[7]
  • April 17King Carlos III of Spain issues a royal cédula from Aranjuez to round up all ethnic Chinese in the Philippines and to move them to ghettoes in various provinces.[8]
  • May 29 – In a paper read to the Royal Society, British theoretical chemist Henry Cavendish first describes his process of producing what he refers to as "inflammable air" by dissolving base metals such as iron, zinc and tin in a flask of sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid, drawing the conclusion that the vapor that was released is different from air. Seven years later, French chemist Antoine Lavoisier bestows the name "hydrogen" on the gas.[9]
  • May 30 – The Theatre Royal, Bristol, opens in England. Also this year in England, the surviving Georgian Theatre (Stockton-on-Tees) opens as a playhouse.
  • June 4 – On the occasion of the 28th birthday of King George III, members of the Sons of Liberty in Manhattan erect a liberty pole as a protest for the first time. The historic symbol, a tall "wooden pole with a Phrygian cap" is placed "on the Fields somewhere between Broadway and Park Row".[10] British soldiers cut down the pole in August.

July–September

  • July 1François-Jean de la Barre, a young French nobleman, is tortured and beheaded, before his body is burnt on a pyre, along with a copy of Voltaire's Dictionnaire philosophique nailed to his torso, for the crime of not saluting a Roman Catholic religious procession in Abbeville, and for other sacrileges, including desecrating a crucifix.
  • August 10 – During the occupation of New York, members of the 28th Foot Regiment of the British Army chop down the liberty pole that was erected by the Sons of Liberty on June 4. The Sons of Liberty put up a second pole the next day, and that pole is cut down on August 22.[11]
  • August 13 – A hurricane sweeps across the French island colony of Martinique, killing more than 400 people and destroying the plantation owned by Joseph-Gaspard de La Pagerie, the father of the future French Empress Joséphine.[12]
  • September 1 – The revolt in Quito (at this time part of Spain's Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada; the modern-day capital of Ecuador) is ended peacefully as royal forces enter the city under the command of Guayaquil Governor Pedro Zelaya. Rather than seeking retribution from the Quito citizens over their insurrection that has broken the monopoly over the sale of the liquor aguardiente, Zeleaya oversees a program of reconciliation.[13]
  • September 13 – The position of Patriarch of the Serbs, established on April 9, 1346 as the authority over the Serbian Orthodox Church, is abolished by order of Sultan Mustafa III of the Ottoman Empire; the patriarchate is not re-established until 1920 following the creation of Yugoslavia at the end of World War One.[14]
  • September 23John Penn, the Colonial Governor of Pennsylvania and one of the four Penn family owners of the Pennsylvania land grant, issues a proclamation forbidding British American colonists residents from building settlements on lands in the west "not yet purchased of the Nations" of the Iroquois Indians.[15]

October–December

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ "Historical Events for Year 1766 | OnThisDay.com". Historyorb.com. Retrieved 2016-07-08. 
  2. ^ Clodfelter, Micheal (2017). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015. McFarland. p. 116. 
  3. ^ Myoe, Maung Aung (2015). "Legacy or Overhang: Historical Memory in Myanmar–Thai Relations". Bilateral Legacies in East and Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 113. 
  4. ^ Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (2015). "Sons of Liberty". Civil Disobedience: An Encyclopedic History of Dissidence in the United States: An Encyclopedic History of Dissidence in the United States. Routledge. p. 289. 
  5. ^ Steffen, Charles G. (1984). The Mechanics of Baltimore: Workers and Politics in the Age of Revolution, 1763-1812. University of Illinois Press. p. 57. 
  6. ^ McMillin, James A. (2014). "The Transatlantic Slave Trade Comes to Georgia". Slavery and Freedom in Savannah. University of Georgia Press. p. 15. 
  7. ^ Wonning, Paul R. (2018). A Year of Colonial American History: 366 Days of United States Colonial History. Mossy Feet Books. p. 133. 
  8. ^ Tiongson, Nicanor G. (2004). The Women of Malolos. Ateneo University Press. p. 18. 
  9. ^ Almqvist, Ebbe (2003). History of Industrial Gases. Springer. p. 21. 
  10. ^ Webster, Sally (2017). The Nation's First Monument and the Origins of the American Memorial Tradition: Liberty Enshrined. Routledge. p. 59. 
  11. ^ Rapport, Mike (2017). The Unruly City: Paris, London and New York in the Age of Revolution. Basic Books. 
  12. ^ Hibbert, Christopher (2003). Napoleon's Women. W. W. Norton. p. 2. 
  13. ^ Rodriguez O., Jaime E. (2018). Political Culture in Spanish America, 1500–1830. University of Nebraska Press. p. 62. 
  14. ^ "Yugoslavia". The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1936. Macmillan and Co. 1936. p. 1388. 
  15. ^ Kenny, Kevin (2011). Peaceable Kingdom Lost: The Paxton Boys and the Destruction of William Penn's Holy Experiment. Oxford University Press. p. 210. 
  16. ^ Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (2015). World Clothing and Fashion: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Social Influence. London: Routledge. p. 633. 
  17. ^ Laver, Roberto C. (2001). The Falklands/Malvinas Case: Breaking the Deadlock in the Anglo-Argentine Sovereignty Dispute. Martinus Nijhoff. 
  18. ^ Gullick, J. M. (2004). A History of Selangor. Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. ISBN 9679948102. 
  19. ^ Schiavone, Michael J. (2009). Dictionary of Maltese Biographies Vol. II G-Z. Pietà: Pubblikazzjonijiet Indipendenza. p. 1711. ISBN 9789993291329. 

Further reading

  • John Blair; J. Willoughby Rosse (1856). "1766". Blair's Chronological Tables. London: H.G. Bohn – via Hathi Trust. 
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