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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1709 by topic:
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ArchaeologyArchitectureArtLiterature (Poetry) – MusicScience
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1709 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1709
Ab urbe condita 2462
Armenian calendar 1158
Assyrian calendar 6459
Balinese saka calendar 1630–1631
Bengali calendar 1116
Berber calendar 2659
British Regnal year Ann. 1 – 8 Ann. 1
Buddhist calendar 2253
Burmese calendar 1071
Byzantine calendar 7217–7218
Chinese calendar 戊子(Earth Rat)
4405 or 4345
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4406 or 4346
Coptic calendar 1425–1426
Discordian calendar 2875
Ethiopian calendar 1701–1702
Hebrew calendar 5469–5470
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1765–1766
 - Shaka Samvat 1630–1631
 - Kali Yuga 4809–4810
Holocene calendar 11709
Igbo calendar 709–710
Iranian calendar 1087–1088
Islamic calendar 1120–1121
Japanese calendar Hōei 6
Javanese calendar 1632–1633
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4042
Minguo calendar 203 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 241
Thai solar calendar 2251–2252
Tibetan calendar 阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
1835 or 1454 or 682
    — to —
(female Earth-Ox)
1836 or 1455 or 683

1709 (MDCCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) of the Julian calendar, the 1709th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 709th year of the 2nd millennium, the 9th year of the 18th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1700s decade. As of the start of 1709, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.




Date unknown




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  2. ^ Mott, R. A. (5 January 1957). "The earliest use of coke for ironmaking". The Gas World, coking section supplement. 145: 7–18. 
  3. ^ Raistrick, Arthur (1953). Dynasty of Ironfounders: the Darbys and Coalbrookdale. London: Longmans, Green. p. 34. 
  4. ^ a b c Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 292. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  5. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. 
  6. ^ Ober, Frederick A. (1912). Our West Indian Neighbors: the Islands of the Caribbean Sea. New York: James Pott & Company. p. 11. 
  7. ^ Jackson, Michael H. (1993). Galapagos: a Natural History. University of Calgary Press. ISBN 1-895176-07-7. 
  8. ^ Gardiner, Juliet (1995). Wenborn, Neil, ed. The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. p. 577. ISBN 1-85585-178-4. 
  9. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 207–208. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  10. ^ Majdalany, Fred (1959). The Red Rocks of Eddystone. London: Longmans. p. 86. 
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