168th Street (New York City Subway)

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168th Street
"1" train"A" train"C" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
168th Street stair.JPG
Entrance at 169th Street.
Station statistics
Address West 168th Street, Broadway, and
St. Nicholas Avenue
New York, NY 10032
Borough Manhattan
Locale Washington Heights
Coordinates 40°50′28″N 73°56′23″W / 40.841022°N 73.939791°W / 40.841022; -73.939791Coordinates: 40°50′28″N 73°56′23″W / 40.841022°N 73.939791°W / 40.841022; -73.939791
Division A (IRT), B (IND)
Line IND Eighth Avenue Line
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)​
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M2, M3, M5, M100, Bx7 (M4 on Fort Washington Avenue)
Bus transport Short Line Bus: 208
Levels 2
Other information
Opened For the transfer point, July 1, 1948 (69 years ago) (1948-07-01)[1]
Station code 605[2]
Accessible This station is partially compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Partially ADA-accessible (IND Eighth Avenue Line platforms only)
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Former/other names Washington Heights–168th Street
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 8,217,661 (station complex)[4]Increase 2.6%
Rank 45 out of 422

168th Street (formerly Washington Heights–168th Street), is an underground New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line. It is located at the intersection of 168th Street and Broadway in Washington Heights, Manhattan and served by the 1 and A trains at all times,[5][6] and the C train at all times except late nights.[7]

Station layout

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator on SE corner of 168th Street and Saint Nicholas Avenue for A and ​C trains only; elevators to 1 train are not accessible)
B2
Platform level
Northbound express "A" train toward Inwood – 207th Street (all times except nights) (175th Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for express trains, right for local trains Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "C" train termination track (all times except nights)
"A" train toward Inwood – 207th Street (late nights) (175th Street)
Southbound local "C" train toward Euclid Avenue (boarding passengers only; all times except nights) (163rd Street – Amsterdam Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for A trains, right for C trains Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express "A" train toward Lefferts Boulevard or Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue (all times except nights), or Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street (PM rush) (145th Street)
"A" train toward Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue (late nights) (163rd Street – Amsterdam Avenue)
B3 Crossover To elevators
B4
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound "1" train toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (181st Street)
Southbound "1" train toward South Ferry (157th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

The IRT portion of the station is very deep and requires the use of elevators to reach the platform after fare control, which is on a full length mezzanine above the higher IND portion. Another set of elevators connecting the IND platforms and tracks to the mezzanine, and an elevator between the mezzanine to the street, make that portion handicapped-accessible. The IRT section is not ADA accessible since the platforms have no elevators (reaching the elevators to fare control requires climbing short staircases).

In 2005, the station was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Exits

The full-time fare control area is at the center of the mezzanine, and has a turnstile bank, token booth, and one staircase and one elevator going up to the southeast corner of West 168th Street and Saint Nicholas Avenue. The part-time side at the north end of the mezzanine has HEET turnstiles and three staircases, two to the southwest corner of Broadway and 169th Street and one to the northwest corner. An exit-only turnstile in the middle of the mezzanine, near the corridor leading to the IRT platforms, leads to a staircase going up to north end of Mitchell Square Park on the south side of West 168th Street between Broadway and Saint Nicholas Avenue.[8]

The passageway leading to the IRT elevators is just beyond the full-time fare control area. There are two exit stairs past this part-time fare control area, both of which diverge in opposite directions near the southwest corner of Broadway and 168th Street.[8]

There is evidence that there was another passageway outside fare control near the south end of the IND platforms, including two closed off staircases from each platform and street exits to 167th Street.[9] This passageway was closed in the 1980s for safety reasons.[9] This area is now used for New York City Transit employees only.

IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms

168th Street
"1" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
168th Street IRT Broadway 2.JPG
Uptown platform looking south with passenger bridge connecting to the downtown platform
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened April 14, 1906 (111 years ago) (1906-04-14)
Station code 302[2]
Accessible The mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; platforms are not ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Station succession
Next north 181st Street: 1 all times
Next south 157th Street: 1 all times
Track layout
to 181 St
to 157 St

168th Street on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line has two tracks and two side platforms.[10]

History

The West Side Branch of the first subway was extended northward to a temporary terminus of 221st Street and Broadway on March 12, 1906 with the station at 168th Street not yet open.[11] This extension was served by shuttle trains operating between 157th Street and 221st Street until May 30, 1906 when express trains began running through to 221st Street.[12][13] The 168th Street station opened for service on April 14, 1906.[14]

In 1948, platforms on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line from 103rd Street to 238th Street were lengthened to 514 feet to allow full ten-car express trains to platform. Previously the stations could only platform six car local trains. The platform extensions were opened in stages. On April 6, 1948, the stations from 103rd Street to Dyckman Street had their platform extensions opened, with the exception of 125th Street, which had its extension opened on June 11, 1948.[15][16]

On December 28, 1950, the New York City Board of Transportation issued a report concerning the construction of bomb shelters in the subway system. Five deep stations in Washington Heights, including the 168th Street station, were considered to be ideal for being used as bomb-proof shelters. The program was expected to cost $104,000,000. These shelters were expected to provide limited protection against conventional bombs, while providing protection against shock waves and air blast, as well as from the heat and radiation from an atomic bomb. To become suitable as shelters, the stations would require water-supply facilities, first-aid rooms, and additional bathrooms.[17]

In 2004, the number of elevator attendants at the station was reduced to one per station as a result of budget cuts by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). The agency had intended to remove all the attendants, but kept one in each station after many riders protested. The change saved $1.2 million a year.[18] In November 2007, the MTA proposed savings cuts to help reduce the agency's deficit. As part of the plan, all elevator operators at 168th Street, along with those in four other stations in Washington Heights, would have been cut.[19] On December 7, 2007, the MTA announced that it would not remove the remaining elevator operators at 168th Street, along with those in four other stations in Washington Heights. The move was intended to save $1.7 million a year, but was not implemented due to pushback from elected officials and residents from the area.[20]

The elevator attendants currently serve as a way to reassure passengers as the elevators are the only entrance to the platforms, and passengers often wait for the elevators with an attendant.[21] The attendants at the five stations are primarily maintenance and cleaning workers who suffered injuries that made it hard for them to continue doing their original jobs.[22]

Service history

The station was served by Seventh Avenue express trains from 1906 to 1959, after which the station has been served by local 1 trains.[23] From 1989-2005, the 9 service, a skip-stop variant of the 1, went to the station.[24]

Station design

This deep station has a high arched tiled ceiling and white globe lights on ornate fixtures hanging from the walls and ceiling on the north half. The south half, where the platforms were extended in the 1950s, has a much lower ceiling and large marble columns with alternating ones having the standard black station name plates in white lettering, but the name tablets and trim line are the same as those on the north half of the station. There is a closed stairway on the extreme northern end of the northbound platform leading to an unknown location.

Near the north end of the station, there are two bridges above the tracks, each of which has two staircases going down to each platform. On the southbound side of the bridges, there are four elevators, one of which is staffed, going up to an unstaffed fare control area where a turnstile bank leads to two staircases going up to the southwest corner of Broadway and West 168th Street. A corridor within fare control leads to the IND mezzanine.

Until 2015, the elevators to the platforms on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line still utilized elevator operators, one of the only stations in the system to do so.[25]

Gallery

IND Eighth Avenue Line platforms

168th Street
"A" train"C" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Washington Heights-168th Street.jpg
Station statistics
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened September 10, 1932 (85 years ago) (1932-09-10)[26]
Station code 148[2]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible (IND Eighth Avenue Line platforms only)
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Station succession
Next north 175th Street: A all times
(Terminal): C all except late nights
Next south 163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue (local): A late nightsC all except late nights
145th Street (express): A all except late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north 175th Street: A all times
none: C all except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south 125th Street: A all timesC all except late nights
Track layout
to 175 St
to 145 St
to 163 St

168th Street is an express station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line that opened on September 10, 1932,[27] and has four tracks and two island platforms. Contrary to the usual express station layout, the inner tracks serve the C local trains while the outer tracks serve the A express trains. This is to make it easier for C trains to terminate here, and turn around to make the southbound trip to Brooklyn. South of this station, the outer tracks descend to a lower level below the inner tracks, creating a two-over-two track layout. North of the station, the inner tracks continue north under Broadway to 174th Street Yard while the outer tracks turn sharply under Fort Washington Avenue before continuing to Inwood–207th Street.[10]

Both outer track walls have a reddish purple with a black border, but no name tablets, and small "168" signs below them in white numbering on a black border. This station has a full length mezzanine above the platforms and tracks.

The station is planned to be renovated starting in 2016 as part of the 2010–2014 MTA Capital Program. An MTA study conducted in 2015 found that 48% of components were out of date.[9]

Service history

When the line opened, this station was served by an AA local train from 168th Street to Chambers Street/World Trade Center.[28] It was discontinued in 1933 when the CC was created to run local along the IND Eighth Avenue and Concourse lines. It was resurrected in 1940 when the BB (later B) was created.[29] The AA, which only ran outside rush hours after 1940,[29] was renamed K in 1985 and completely replaced by the C's midday service on December 11, 1988.[30][31]

The original BB train, beginning with the opening of the Sixth Avenue Line on December 15, 1940, ran as a rush-hour only local service starting at 168th Street–Washington Heights. The designation "B" was originally intended to designate express trains originating in Washington Heights and going to Midtown Manhattan on the IND Sixth Avenue Line.[32][33] On March 1, 1998, the B and the C switched northern terminals, ending B service to this station and bringing C trains to this station at all times except late nights.[32][34]

The A has always served this station since its inception in 1932.[32][9]


An R32 C train entering service at 168th Street bound for Brooklyn

Nearby points of interest

Nearby points of interest include NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center, Hudson River waterfront parks, and remnants of the Audubon Ballroom.[8]

References

  1. ^ New York Times, Transfer Points Under Higher Fare, June 30, 1948, page 19
  2. ^ a b c "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ "1 Subway Timetable, Effective June 25, 2017" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  6. ^ "A Subway Timetable, Effective June 25, 2017" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  7. ^ "C Subway Timetable, Effective June 25, 2017" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Washington Heights" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books. 
  11. ^ "Farthest North in Town by the Interborough – Take a Trip to the New Station, 225th Street West – It's Quite Like the Country – You Might Be in Dutchess County, but You Are Still In Manhattan Borough – Place Will Bustle Soon". The New York Times. January 14, 1907. p. 18. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 10, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Express to 221st Street: Will Run In the Subway To-day–New 181st Street Station Ready". The New York Times. May 30, 1906. Retrieved October 10, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Interborough Rapid Transit Company Operating Subway And All Elevated Lines In New York City". Wikimedia Commons. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. 1906. Retrieved October 10, 2016. 
  14. ^ "New Subway Station Open". The New York Times. April 15, 1906. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 10, 2016. 
  15. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. 
  16. ^ "More Long Platforms – Five Subway Stations on IRT to Accommodate 10-Car Trains". The New York Times. July 10, 1948. p. 8. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2016. 
  17. ^ Ronan, Thomas P. (December 29, 1950). "SUBWAY SHELTERS TO COST $104,000,000 PROPOSED FOR CITY; Board Would Build Havens in Present and Proposed Lines or Convert for Defense EXTENT OF U.S. AID IN DOUBT Most of Routes Would Provide Limited Safety 5 Stations Listed as 'Bomb-Proof' Some Federal Aid Expected Would Expedite Work SUBWAY SHELTERS FOR CITY OUTLINED Provide Longer Occupancy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  18. ^ Piazza, Jo (December 7, 2003). "M.T.A. Urged Not to Cut Elevator Jobs At 5 Stations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  19. ^ Neuman, William (November 30, 2007). "M.T.A. Savings Proposal May Mean Service Cuts". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Changing Course, M.T.A. Will Keep Elevator Operators On". The New York Times. December 8, 2007. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  21. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (April 28, 2011). "Subway Elevator Operators Dwindle in New York". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  22. ^ Waller, Nikki (November 23, 2003). "NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: WASHINGTON HEIGHTS -- CITYPEOPLE; Why They Take the A Train (and the 1/9)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  23. ^ Levey, Stanley (January 26, 1959). "Modernized IRT To Bow on Feb. 6 — West Side Line to Eliminate Bottleneck at 96th Street". New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  24. ^ Chan, Sewell (May 25, 2005). "On Its Last Wheels, No. 9 Line Is Vanishing on Signs". The New York Times. Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  25. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (April 28, 2011). "Subway Elevator Operators Dwindle in New York". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 10, 2016. 
  26. ^ New York Times, List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Av. Line, September 10, 1932, page 6
  27. ^ Crowell, Paul (September 10, 1932). "Gay Midnight Crowd Rides First Trains in the Subway – Throngs at Stations an Hour Before Time, Rush Turnstiles When Chains Are Dropped – No Official Ceremonies – But West Side Business Group Celebrates Midnight Event With Ride and Dinner – Last Rehearsals Smooth – Delaney, Fullen and Aides Check First Hour of Pay Traffic From Big Times Square Station". The New York Times. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 10, 2016. 
  28. ^ "The ERA Bulletin 2011-11". Issuu. Retrieved June 19, 2016. 
  29. ^ a b "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. December 15, 1940. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  30. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  31. ^ "The ERA Bulletin 2011-11". Issuu. Retrieved June 19, 2016. 
  32. ^ a b c "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. 
  33. ^ "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. December 15, 1940. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  34. ^ "March 1, 1998 B C Routes are switching places above 145 St". Flickr. New York City Transit. March 1998. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 

External links

  • nycsubway.org – IRT West Side Line: 168th Street
  • nycsubway.org – IND 8th Avenue: 168th Street
  • Station Reporter – 168 Street/Broadway Complex
  • The Subway Nut – Washington Heights–168th Street Pictures
  • 168th Street entrance to Eighth Avenue Line from Google Maps Street View
  • 169th Street entrance to Eighth Avenue Line from Google Maps Street View
  • 168th Street entrance to Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line from Google Maps Street View
  • IRT overpass from Google Maps Street View
  • IRT platforms from Google Maps Street View
  • IND platforms from Google Maps Street View
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