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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1654 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1654
Ab urbe condita 2407
Armenian calendar 1103
Assyrian calendar 6404
Balinese saka calendar 1575–1576
Bengali calendar 1061
Berber calendar 2604
English Regnal year Cha. 2 – 6 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar 2198
Burmese calendar 1016
Byzantine calendar 7162–7163
Chinese calendar 癸巳(Water Snake)
4350 or 4290
    — to —
甲午年 (Wood Horse)
4351 or 4291
Coptic calendar 1370–1371
Discordian calendar 2820
Ethiopian calendar 1646–1647
Hebrew calendar 5414–5415
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1710–1711
 - Shaka Samvat 1575–1576
 - Kali Yuga 4754–4755
Holocene calendar 11654
Igbo calendar 654–655
Iranian calendar 1032–1033
Islamic calendar 1064–1065
Japanese calendar Jōō 3
Javanese calendar 1576–1577
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar 3987
Minguo calendar 258 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 186
Thai solar calendar 2196–2197
Tibetan calendar 阴水蛇年
(female Water-Snake)
1780 or 1399 or 627
    — to —
(male Wood-Horse)
1781 or 1400 or 628

1654 (MDCLIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1654th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 654th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1654, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.


The original Magdeburg hemispheres and Guericke's vacuum pump in the Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany






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  2. ^ a b c d Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 266. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ "Guericke, Otto von". Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). The Encyclopædia Britannica Co. 1910. p. 670.
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  6. ^ "Jews arrive in the New World". American Jewish Archives. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  7. ^ LeElef, Ner (2001). "World Jewish Population". SimpleToRemember. Retrieved July 10, 2012. Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1.9 million.
  8. ^ Wu, Bin (2014). Britannia 1066–1884: From Medieval Absolutism to the Birth of Freedom under Constitutional Monarchy, Limited Suffrage, and the Rule of Law. Springer. p. 53. ISBN 9783319046839. OCLC 947041435.
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