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This article is about the year 1648.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
1648 by topic:
Arts and Science
Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science
Lists of leaders
State leadersColonial governorsReligious leaders
Birth and death categories
Births - Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments - Disestablishments
Works category
1648 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1648
Ab urbe condita 2401
Armenian calendar 1097
Assyrian calendar 6398
Balinese saka calendar 1569–1570
Bengali calendar 1055
Berber calendar 2598
English Regnal year 23 Cha. 1 – 24 Cha. 1
Buddhist calendar 2192
Burmese calendar 1010
Byzantine calendar 7156–7157
Chinese calendar 丁亥(Fire Pig)
4344 or 4284
    — to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4345 or 4285
Coptic calendar 1364–1365
Discordian calendar 2814
Ethiopian calendar 1640–1641
Hebrew calendar 5408–5409
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1704–1705
 - Shaka Samvat 1569–1570
 - Kali Yuga 4748–4749
Holocene calendar 11648
Igbo calendar 648–649
Iranian calendar 1026–1027
Islamic calendar 1057–1058
Japanese calendar Shōhō 5 / Keian 1
Javanese calendar 1569–1570
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar 3981
Minguo calendar 264 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 180
Thai solar calendar 2190–2191

The Treaty of Westphalia
The Holy Roman Empire in 1648
Europe in 1648, after the Treaty of Westphalia

1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter ED) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of the Julian calendar, the 1648th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 648th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 17th century, and the 9th year of the 1640s decade. As of the start of 1648, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. It is the year of the Peace of Westphalia.




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  1. ^ Ambraseys, N. N.; Melville, C. P. (1982). A History of Persian Earthquakes. Cambridge University Press. p. 50. ISBN 0-521-24112-X. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  2. ^ Fisher, Raymond H., ed. (1981). The Voyage of Semen Dezhnev in 1648. London: Hakluyt Society. ISBN 0-904180-07-7. 
  3. ^ Ramerini, Marco. "The Portuguese in the Arabia Peninsula and in the Persian Gulf". Colonial Voyage. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  4. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 262–263. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  5. ^ "Art Renewal Center :: Rembrandt :: Rembrandt drawing at a window". artrenewal.org. Retrieved March 4, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Art Renewal Center :: Rembrandt :: Beggars at the Door". artrenewal.org. Retrieved March 4, 2016. 
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