15th New Zealand Parliament

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Fifteenth Parliament of New Zealand
14th Parliament 16th Parliament
Overview
Term 29 June 1903 – 30 October 1905
Election New Zealand general election, 1902
Government Liberal Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 15th Parliament.png
Members 80
Speaker of the House Arthur Guinness
Premier Richard Seddon
Leader of the Opposition William Massey
Legislative Council
Members 46 (at start)
41 (at end)
Speaker of the Council Charles Bowen
––Richard Reeves acting 23 March - 30 June 1905
––Alfred Cadman until 23 March 1905 †
––John Rigg acting 5 January - 7 July 1904
––William Walker until 5 January 1904†
––Henry Miller until 9 July 1903
Sovereign
Monarch HM Edward VII
Governor HE Rt. Hon. THe Lord Plunket
––HE Rt. Hon. The Earl of Ranfurly until 20 June 1904

The 15th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1902 general election in November and December of that year.

1902 electoral redistribution

The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries.[1] Six electorates were established for the first time: Courtenay, Newtown, Grey Lynn , Hurunui, Oroua, and Kaipara. Two electorates that previously existed were re-established: Mount Ida and Hutt.[2]

This boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of three electorates:[2]

1902 general election

The 1902 general election was held on Tuesday, 25 November in the general electorates and on Monday, 22 December in the Māori electorates, respectively.[3] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 38 represented North Island electorates, 38 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[4] 415,789 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 76.7%.[3]

Sessions

The 15th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 15 November 1905.[5]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 29 June 1903 24 November 1903
second 28 June 1904 8 November 1904
third 27 June 1905 31 October 1905

Ministries

The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891.[6] The Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon had taken office in 1893 during the term of the 11th Parliament.[7] The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906.[8]

Initial composition of the 15th Parliament

The following are the results of the 1902 general election:

Key

 Liberal    Conservative    Independent Liberal        Liberal-Labour  Independent  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1902[9]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton John McLachlan 439 John Studholme
Auckland, City of William Joseph Napier Alfred Kidd 934 William Richardson
Joseph Witheford 1,515 William Joseph Napier
George Fowlds Frederick Baume 2,282 Arthur Rosser
Avon William Tanner John Russell Brunt
Awarua Joseph Ward 1,882 David Whyte
Bay of Islands Robert Houston A G C Glass
Bay of Plenty William Herries D Lundon
Bruce James Allen J A Scott
Buller James Colvin Frank Isitt
Caversham Thomas Sidey William Earnshaw
Chalmers New electorate Edmund Allen 612 John White
Christchurch, City of George John Smith Thomas Davey William Whitehouse Collins
Harry Ell George John Smith
William Whitehouse Collins Tommy Taylor Arthur Hughes Turnbull
Clutha James William Thomson D Stewart
Courtenay New electorate Charles Lewis John Rennie
Dunedin, City of Alfred Richard Barclay Harry Bedford Alfred Richard Barclay
John A. Millar
James Frederick Arnold
Eden John Bollard P E Cheal
Egmont Walter Symes William Thomas Jennings 15 Charles Leech[10]
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes C R Thornton
Franklin William Massey A R Harris
Geraldine Frederick Flatman William Maslin
Grey Arthur Guinness Frank Isitt
Grey Lynn New electorate George Fowlds T T Masefield
Hawera Felix McGuire Charles E. Major Felix McGuire
Hawke's Bay William Russell Frank Isitt
Hurunui New electorate Andrew Rutherford 697 Henry Fear Reece
Hutt New electorate Thomas Wilford Frederick Pirani
Invercargill Josiah Hanan David Whyte
Kaiapoi David Buddo Alfred Daniel Hassall
Kaipara New electorate Alfred Harding John Stallworthy
Lyttelton George Laurenson William Rollitt
Manawatu John Stevens Job Vile John Stevens
Manukau Maurice O'Rorke Matthew Kirkbride Maurice O'Rorke
Marsden Robert Thompson Francis Mander Robert Thompson
Masterton Alexander Hogg J C Cooper
Mataura Robert McNab I W Raymond
Motueka Roderick McKenzie Frank Isitt
Mount Ida New electorate Alexander Herdman J Ewing
Napier Alfred Fraser 1,490 Richard Joseph Eames[11]
Nelson John Graham Harry Atmore
Newtown New electorate William Henry Peter Barber Thomas William Hislop
Oamaru Thomas Duncan 880 John Marshall Brown[12]
Ohinemuri Jackson Palmer Edward George Britton Moss Jackson Palmer
Oroua New electorate Frank Lethbridge Arthur Henry Tompkins
Otaki William Hughes Field Frank Isitt
Pahiatua John O'Meara S Bolton
Palmerston Frederick Pirani William Thomas Wood T R Hodder
Parnell Frank Lawry J M Shera
Patea Frederick Haselden Walter Symes Frederick Haselden
Rangitikei Frank Lethbridge Arthur Remington W J Birch
Riccarton George Warren Russell George Witty George Warren Russell
Selwyn Charles Hardy Joseph Ivess
Taieri Walter Carncross Donald Reid J J Ramsay
Taranaki Edward Metcalf Smith Henry Okey
Thames James McGowan William Henry Lucas
Timaru William Hall-Jones F H Smith
Tuapeka James Bennet R Gilkison
Waipawa Charles Hall 1,568 James Taylor
Waikato Frederic Lang Henry Greenslade
Waikouaiti Edmund Allen Thomas Mackenzie Frank Isitt
Wairarapa J. T. Marryat Hornsby Walter Clarke Buchanan J. T. Marryat Hornsby
Wairau Charles H. Mills John Duncan
Waitaki William Steward J Campbell
Waitemata Richard Monk Ewen Alison 714 Alexander John Hatfield[13]
Waiapu James Carroll Frank Isitt
Wakatipu William Fraser Robert Beatson Ross
Wallace Michael Gilfedder John Thomson Michael Gilfedder
Wanganui Archibald Willis J W Baker
Wellington, City of John Hutcheson John Aitken 380 Patrick O'Regan
Arthur Atkinson John Duthie 591 Arthur Richmond Atkinson
George Fisher 1,921 John Findlay
Westland Richard Seddon Frank Isitt
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Wi Pere Pirimi Mataiawhea
Northern Maori Hone Heke Hāmiora Mangakāhia
Southern Maori Tame Parata Hone Taare Tikao
Western Maori Henare Kaihau 2,370 Ngarangi Katitia

By-elections during 15th Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 15th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Pahiatua 1904 28 July John O'Meara Death William Hawkins
City of Wellington 1905 6 April George Fisher Death Francis Fisher

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 67f.
  2. ^ a b McRobie 1989, pp. 63–68.
  3. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 40.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 40–41.
  8. ^ Hamer, David. "Seddon, Richard John - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "The General Election, 1902". National Library. 1903. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  10. ^ "Mr Charles Leech". Auckland Star. XXXIII (281). 26 November 1902. p. 3. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Electoral District of Napier". Hawke's Bay Herald. XXXVII (12308). 1 December 1902. p. 3. Retrieved 10 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Electoral District of Oamaru". The Oamaru Mail. XXVIII (8060). 29 November 1902. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Page 18 Advertisements Column 1". Observer. XXIII (10). 22 November 1902. p. 18. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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