1050s

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The 1050s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1050, and ended on December 31, 1059.

Events

1050

By place

Europe
England
Africa

By topic

Religion

1051

By place

Europe
England
  • Eustace II, count of Boulogne, visites England and is receive with honour at the court by King Edward the Confessor. In Dover a fight breaks out between the Norman visitors and the locals, resulting in the deaths of several people. Edward blames the people of Dover and orders Godwin, earl of Wessex, to deal with them. Godwin refuses to obey Edward's order, and in response Edward raises an army and forces the Godwin family into exile.
  • Edward the Confessor invites William of Normandy to England. It is at this point that it is thought that Edward promises the English throne to William in the event of his death.
  • Heregeld is abolished by Edward the Confessor. It has been collected for many years to provide funds for defending the country from Viking raiders.

By topic

Religion

1052

By place

England
Africa

By topic

Religion

1053

By place

Byzantine Empire
  • End of the Pecheneg Revolt: Emperor Constantine IX (Monomachos) makes peace with the Pechenegs. However, Pecheneg raids do not cease – they not only damage the economy by plundering – but Constantine also is forced to buy protection or peace from them by gifts, land grants, privileges and titles.[4]
Europe
England

By topic

Religion

1054

By place

Byzantine Empire
  • Sultan Tughril leads a large Seljuk army out of Azerbaijan into Armenia, possibly to consolidate his frontier while providing an incentive to his Turkoman allies in the form of plunder. Tughril divides his army into four columns, ordering three to veer off to the north to raid into central and northern Armenia while he takes the fourth column towards Lake Van. The Seljuk Turks capture and sack the fortress city of Artchesh after an 8-day siege.[5]
Europe
England
Africa
  • The Almoravids retake the trading center of Aoudaghost from the Ghana Empire. Repeated Almoravid incursions, aim at seizing control of the trans-Saharan gold trade, disrupt Ghana's dominance of the trade routes.[6]
Asia

By topic

Astronomy
Religion

1055

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
England
Arabian Empire

By topic

Art
  • Construction on the Liaodi Pagoda in Hebei is completed (the tallest pagoda in Chinese history, standing at a height of 84 m (275 ft) tall).
Religion

1056

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
England

By topic

Religion

1057

By place

Byzantine Empire
  • June 8 – General Isaac Komnenos proclaims himself emperor in Paphlagonia (modern Turkey) and starts a civil war against Emperor Michael VI. He advances with a Byzantine expeditionary force towards Constantinople. At the same time, Michael sends against the rebels an army – western regiments and eastern ones (those from the Anatolic Theme and Charsianon) – to stop him.[15]
  • August 20Battle of Hades: Rebel forces under Isaac Komnenos defeat the Byzantines on the plains of Hades (near Nicaea). General Katakalon Kekaumenos routs the imperial right flank and reaches the enemy's camp. He destroys the tents and supplies – which leaves the way open to Constantinople.
  • September 1 – A riot in favor of Isaac Komnenos breaks out in Constantinople. Patriarch Michael I convinces Michael VI to abdicate the throne and Isaac is crowned as emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
Europe
Africa
Asia

By topic

Religion

1058

By place

Europe
Africa

By topic

Religion

1059

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
Seljuk Empire

By topic

Religion

Significant people

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  2. ^ Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: The History of a Dynasty, pp. 106–108.
  3. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; p. 53.
  4. ^ John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 210. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3.
  5. ^ Brian Todd Carey (2012). Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare (527–1071), p. 125. ISBN 978-1-84884-215-1.
  6. ^ Levtzion, Nehemia; Hopkins, John F.P., eds. (2000), Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West Africa, New York: Marcus Weiner Press. ISBN 1-55876-241-8. First published in 1981.
  7. ^ Journal of Astronomy, part 9, chapter 56 of Sung History (Sung Shih) first printing, 1340. facsimile on the frontispiece of Misner, Thorne, Wheeler Gravitation, 1973.
  8. ^ "Crab Nebula". NASA.
  9. ^ Brett Edward Whalen (2009). Dominion of God: Christendom and Apocalypse in the Middle Ages, p. 24 (Harvard University Press).
  10. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 109. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  11. ^ MacLean, Mark (1999). "History of Ireleth and Askam-in-Furness". Bruderlin MacLean Publishing Services. Archived from the original on March 5, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  12. ^ John Julius Norwich (1991). Byzantium: The Apogee – Michael the Aged, p. 327. ISBN 0-394-53779-3.
  13. ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith (2004). The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume IV – Part II (c. 1024–c. 1198), p. 50. ISBN 978-0-521-41411-1.
  14. ^ Fryde, E.B.; Greenway, D.E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology, p. 217. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  15. ^ John Julius Norwich (1991). Byzantium: The Apogee – Isaac Komnenos on the March, p. 329. ISBN 0-394-53779-3.
  16. ^ Douglas, David C. (1964). William the Conqueror: The Norman Impact Upon England, pp. 72–73. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  17. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle). L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 109. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  18. ^ Panton, James (2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press. p. 16. ISBN 9780810874978.
  19. ^ "Bolesław II - king of Poland". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  20. ^ John Julius Norwich (1991). Byzantium: The Apogee – The choice of a Successor, p. 336. ISBN 0-394-53779-3.
  21. ^ John V.A. Fine, Jr (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 279. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3.
  22. ^ The Normans in Europe, Ed. & Trans. Elisabeth van Houts (Manchester & New York: Manchester University Press, 2000), pp. 236–37.
  23. ^ Brian Todd Carey (2012). Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare (527–1071), p. 127. ISBN 978-1-84884-215-1.
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